by Usko Ahonen, Md
04 March 2013
In 2004, eight neuroscientists felt it was too soon for a definition
They wrote an apology in "Human Brain
“We have no idea how consciousness
emerges from the physical activity of the brain and we do not
know whether consciousness can emerge from non-biological
systems, such as computers.”
The situation has not changed much since
then, but there are many new hypotheses trying to explain the
wetware's (brain's) connections and the emergence of consciousness
Human consciousness is defined by Christof Koch, who lists
the following four definitions: (2)
Consciousness is the inner
mental life, which we lose each night when we fall into
It can be measured with the
Glasgow Coma Scale that assesses the reactions of patients
An active cortico-thalamic
complex in the brain is necessary for consciousness in
To put philosophically,
consciousness is what it is like to feel something
This is the reductionist view.
But is also is much more. Many ask, has
the human also soul and the spirit? And maybe the brain is not
necessarily needed for the consciousness to exist after all?
Also altered states of consciousness are hard to explain by
scientific knowledge. Same goes to physiological state of dreaming
on humans. The dream world of an individual seems to have many
important functions not only to the body, but the psyche.
Carlos Castaneda and others
have talked about the possibility to create one's own dreams in so
called lucid dreaming. Also unconsciousness seems, according to
recent studies have more important role to human behavior. The huge
majority of human cognitive work is non-conscious. (3)
Carl Jung and others have studied
and postulated about the collective psyche of the mankind, which
would have a huge impact on human behavior also as a single
In this scenario, we would be guided by
the spirit world in many cases while doing important decisions in
One can safely state, that the explanation of human consciousness is
the biggest dilemma of modern science. One can also ask, can the
existence of humanity even be satisfactorily explained without a
solid and reasonable explanation of consciousness. Without it, the
so called scientific world view is a groundless one.
If we can't explain even what we are,
and answer where do we come from, how can we explain other phenomena
in natural sciences. Caring what consciousness is should be our
primary goal in research. And in life, know thyself!
Personally I have been through so much of paranormal phenomena,
usually against my will. I have been abducted by military aliens. I
have seen in close range UFO's, and in my house there have been
poltergeist activity. I have had out of body experiences. I do not
really hold my breath with the UFO disclosure or scientific
breakthrough on finding the spirit body of man.
But I do have a personal certainty that
someday people will know and will learn about the reality of
paranormal things in general. I believe there is an active spirit
world waiting to be found for those who have not found it yet. It
does not go away by shutting one's eyes.
According to modern Gnosticism, human history has also an end, and
there are invisible rulers in the skies, which are shown to us as
UFOs and small gray aliens. More about that in "Are
I did use Google scholar to see, if there are new thesis concerning
the explanation of consciousness. I did found out hundreds of new
scientific publications on quantum mind. I was pleased to see also
new theories and vivid discourse on the matter. (5)
Roger Penrose and Stuart
Hameroff did present
their model on the quantum mind
soon 20 years ago. (6)
Hameroff published in 2012 an article
with Deepak Chopra on Quantum soul (7) (8) to
which I would scrutinize a bit here.
According to Hameroff and Chopra,
human consciousness is
interconnected to living beings and the universe. It is in
contact with cosmic wisdom/information. And it is able to exist on
deeper planes independent of biology. (Maybe outside the space and
Their hypothesis is that soul has a
secular, scientific explanation consistent with all the religions
and known science. And that their model is building a bridge between
science and spirituality.
'Penrose-Hameroff Orch OR model' is used, to explain the bondage
from the spirit to the brain.
In it the microtubule system of the
brain cells is being controlled by the soul. Microtubules would then
do quantum computation inside the neurons cells. There are multiple
scientific findings to back this claim from neuroanatomy - and
The writers claim, there is recent
evidence for significant quantum coherence in warm biological
systems, and end-of-life brain activity for support the notion of a
quantum basis of consciousness. (7)
Now, this is very interesting indeed. The human experience is a
complex one, and many people, probably the most believe “there is
something” after life. Many have also paranormal experiences. Some
have seen UFOs. Maybe most have seen strange dreams or visions. Many
have also had religious experiences. And so on.
The idea on an immortal soul is an ancient one, and common to all
cultures in the world. If science will now prove its existence, it
will mean an end of a world to all reductionists and skeptics.
Naturally there would be a spirit world then, like there is.
How would science research it? Is it
even possible? What is existence after life?
Well, there are already many
explanations from various sources to these questions. And none of
them are necessarily true, or even close to it. In the new age
movement there are certainly many, who claim to have answers.
What it comes to ufology, there are abductees and contactees who
have out of body experiences with space aliens. Also many times in
ufo-cases the aliens show themselves as spiritual entities. Some
people have seen or photographed ghosts or poltergeist phenomena.
They all tell of a story of active
spirit world that is all around us.
The one that can be reached by prayer or
1.Human Brain Function, by Richard
Frackowiak and 7 other neuroscientists, page 269 in chapter 16
"The Neural Correlates of Consciousness" (consisting of 32
pages), published 2004
2. Consciousness, Confessions of a Romantic Reductionist,
Christof Koch, 2012, MIT Press
3. Science 2 July 2010: Vol. 329 no. 5987 pp. 47-50 DOI:
10.1126/science.1188595 the Unconscious Will: How the Pursuit of
Goals Operates Outside of Conscious Awareness
- Jung, Carl
Quantum Computation in Brain Microtubules?
- The Penrose–Hameroff ‘Orch OR‘ Model of Consciousness