Propulsion Experiments

AntiGravity Propulsion Experiments


A number of experiments have been performed over the last several years, which have seemingly shown some form of gravity control or closely related phenomena.

We are collecting here as many of these experiments as possible so that hopefully something will mesh together and help us towards the goal of finding a practical AntiGravity propulsion system.


Dr. Podkletnov
Tampere University in Finland

Experiments in 1992 in Finland seemed to show that the Earth's gravity could be shielded with a superconductor configured in a certain manner. This experiment, by Eugene Podkletnov, at Finland's Tampere University of Technology, apparently created a reduction in the weight of objects placed above a levitating, rotating superconducting disk:

Pete L. Skegg's Science and Space Web Pages (Quantum Cavorite)
Richard Hoagland's Web Site
Bill Beaty's Web Site


Tom E. Bearden

Tom Bearden has said that he along with Mr. Sparky Sweet have produced 'antigravity' from a lab-bench test set-up. The power-to-weight-ratio was said to be approximately 500 watts of electrical power per pound of lift at 100 Hertz.

Swedish Assoc. for New Physics - Tom E. Bearden Files
Tom Bearden articles in Virtual Times
Keely Net -Tom Bearden Resources +
OverUnity Web Pages - Tom Bearden Resources+
The Esoteric Physics Homepage - Tom Bearden Scalar Electromagnetics
The Esoteric Physics Homepage - Tom Bearden AntiGravity Article


AntiGravity Evidence from Cosmology

An international collaboration of top-ranked cosmologists, called the High-z Supernova Search Team, made a surprising announcement in the journal Science this past February (Science, Feb 27, 1998, pages 1298-1299).

The scientists reported that empty space may well be filled with a repulsive force of as yet unknown origins. In support of this antigravity theory, the group cites data on supernovae. The researchers maintain that the seeming brightness of these distant, exploding stars suggests that the universe is expanding at an ever increasing rate--an acceleration that the standard big bang model could not account for were there no antigravity.

Scientific American Magazine - May 1998, page 26
Science Magazine - Original Report


Dr. Marcel Pages

In 1959, Dr. Marcel Pages proposed a theory at the International Congress of Satellites and Missiles, wherein gravity is not caused by the attraction of the Earth, but is caused by the repulsion of the Cosmos. Accordingly, the force which we call gravitation, he called 'sheer concentrated protonic energy'.

He supported his theory with a design of an antigravity machine which liberated itself from the force of gravity by an electric field rotating at the speed of light around the vehicle. This rotating field also suppressed mass inertia!

His design principle was tested successfully on small pieces of mica.


Liquid Mercury Mass Effect

An experiment was preformed by Dr. Majorana in which he surrounded a measured mass with a sphere containing ten tons of liquid mercury. He noted an apparent loss in weight of the experimental mass and concluded that the loss was due to an absorbtion of gravity waves by the dense mercury.


Oscillating Liquid Mercury Effect

Another experiment involving liquid mercury entailed a test set-up wherein two weights were balanced on an extremely accurate scale balance. Underneath one of the weights, a quantity of liquid mercury was caused to oscillate by a high-powered high-capacity pump. With the pump in operation, the balance indicated a minute loss in weight of the mass located above the oscillating liquid mercury. However, the ratio of input energy (via the pump) to weight loss was found to be impractically large to be able to develop any useable antigravity mechanism.

COMMENT: Possibly a combination of electrical energy and liquid mercury could induce useable effects on gravity ? CNC


Foucault Pendulum Abnormalities

The Foucault pendulum exhibits an effect such that the plane of the pendulum swing does not change. The apparent rotation of the plane of the pendulum is actually caused by the rotation of the Earth beneath the pendulum. Therefore the pendulum arc should show an apparent rotation of one cycle every 24 hours.

Dr. Maurice Allias conducted some remarkable experiments with some pendulums several years ago, during which a cycle was found which was between 24 and 25 hours long. Allias's experiments were performed with a very high degree of accuracy with continuous readings of about a month, and in two widely separated locations.

Also, during a total solar eclipse, the plane of the pendulum swing was noted to shift approximately 15 centesimal degrees exactly at the start of the eclipse. Near the end of the eclipse, the plane again shifted and returned to the normal periodic cycle it had been following previous to the eclipse. This gives a very definite impression of a screen effect.(CNC)


Astronaut Edward White Gemini Space Excursion

During Astronaut Edward White's extravehicular excursion while in orbit with the early-days Gemini capsule, he noted a physical phenomena which was unexplainable by Newtonian mechanics. He was able to rotate his body by extending and retracting his arms in a twisting motion. Newtonian mechanics says that the body should return to its original position once all motion has ceased, due to Newton's Law of Conservation-of-Motion.

If angular momentum is not conserved, then a device can be built around this anomalous principle to give a linear thrust for use as a propulsion system. In fact, more than one device using this principle have been constructed over the last several years. One is known as the Dean Space Drive whose mechanism uses a counterbalanced set of rotating eccentric weights. The axels of the weights are moved linearly by a solenoid during each rotation. Resultant thrust is produced in the same direction that the weights are moved. The weights are essentially made to change orbit, giving up momentum in each cycle to produce thrust.

Two other devices that have been built and patented apparently utilizing the same principle, are the Cook Drive and the Kidd Drive. These three drives are not truly 'antigravity' drives, but are certainly excellent candidates for advanced aerospace propulsion systems - a giant leap up from the current Neanderthal-level 'Roman-Candle' technology !

See the References below for further details on all of these propulsion systems.

Norman L. Dean - Patent(SpaceDrives Web Site)
Robert L. Cook - Patent #4238968(IBM's Patent Site)
Robert L. Cook - Patent #3683707(IBM's Patent Site)
Alexander D. Kidd - Patent #5024112(IBM's Patent Site)


Volcanic Effect on Gravity

About 10 years ago, a man was caught too close to a sudden outburst of volcanic activity on the island of Hawaii. He was escaping in his car down the volcanic mountain when the car blew a tire. He had to stop to change the tire so he could continue his fast escape. When he opened his car trunk to get his spare tire, his tire iron "Floated" out of the trunk !!! He was able to grab his tire iron, change the blown tire, and make good his escape.

COMMENT: This sounds like a demonstration of a moving-mass/ gravity shield connection with some sort of temperature factor. CNC


Dynamic and Radiation Field Effects by Gravitation

One phenomena which may be noted as a common denominator throughout these experiments, is the apparent existence and utilization of a 'gravitational field' or 'matter field'.

This field is akin to an electromagnetic field, but so far has been shown to be associated predominately with matter. There are apparently two definable parts to this matter field, a close-up 'dynamic' field effect and a long-range 'radiation' field effect. The equivalents are demonstrated in an electromagnetic field.

If this matter field exists, and it seemingly does, it must be closely related to the well-known electromagnetic field, since matter and energy are considered interchangable ( e=mc2 ). The fields (electromagnetic and gravitational) must therefore be connected by a certain set of functions such that one can be made to affect the other.

The Biefeld-Brown experiments seem to utilize this connection most effectively - while all the experiments give clues to the ultimate solution.


The Biefeld-Brown Effect

Some years ago, Professor Biefeld outlined to his student, Townsend Brown, certain experiments which led to the discovery of the phenomenon now known as the Biefeld-Brown effect. Further, these experiments helped to define the inter-relationship of electrical and gravitational fields. This coupling effect parallels electricity and magnetism.

This means that from the technical and commercial aspects, the Biefeld-Brown effect has potentialities for future development and exploitation at least as great as the present electrical industry -probably much more so!

Consider that electromagnetism is basic to electric generators and motors, power production and distribution, radio, television, radar, telephones, etc., and is indispensibly linked to all forms of commercial and other types of transportation. Then it can be easily seen that the possibility of a parallel development in the electrogravitational phenomena has almost unlimited prospects !!! The original experiments conducted by Townsend Brown, as suggested by Professor Biefeld, concerned the behavior of a condenser when charged with electricity. The first startling result was that if placed in a free suspension with the poles horizontal, the condenser, when electrically charged, showed a forward thrust toward the positive pole !!! When the polarity was reversed, it caused a reversal of the direction of thrust. The experiment was set up in this manner:

The gravity-control effect of vertical thrust is demonstrated by balancing a condenser on a beam balance and then charging it. Upon charging, if the positive pole is pointed upward, the condenser moves upward. Conversely, if the charge is reversed, and the positive pole is pointed downward, the condenser thrusts down. The experiment is set up as follows:

These two simple experiments demonstrate what is now known as the Biefeld-Brown effect. This then is a method of eventually controlling gravity for man's use.

The intensity or magnitude of the effect is determined by five known factors, namely:

1.The separation of the plates of the condenser - the closer the plates, the greater the effect.

2.The ability of the material between the plates to store electrical energy in the form of elastic stress. A measure of this ability is called the 'K' factor of the material. The higher the 'K', the greater the Biefeld-Brown effect.

3.The area of the condenser plates - the greater area giving the greater effect.

4.The voltage difference between the plates - the greater the voltage, the greater the effect.

5.The mass of the material between the plates - the greater the mass, the greater the effect.

It is this fifth factor which is unexplainable from the electromagnetic aspect, and which apparently provides the connection with gravitation.

Now that the basic concept of electrogravitation has been presented in the form of the Biefeld-Brown effect, we can now present the refinements necessary to accomplish the desired goal of a vehicle powered by a gravity-control (antigravity) mechanism.

The Earth creates and is surrounded with a gravitational field which approaches zero as we go deeper and deeper into space. This field 'presses' objects and people towards the Earth's surface, and therefore 'presses our conjectured vehicle to the ground. However, thru the utilization of the Biefeld-Brown effect, our vehicle can generate an electrogravitational field of its own which modifies the Earth's gravity field.

This generated field acts like a wave, with the negative pole at the top of the wave, and the positive pole at the bottom. Our vehicle travels like a surfboard on the incline of a wave that is kept continually moving by the vehicle's electrogravitational generator. Since the orientation of the field can be controlled, the vehicle can thus travel on its own continuously generated wave in any desired angle or direction of flight !

The method of controlling the flight of the vehicle is illustrated by the following simple diagrams showing the charge variations necessary to accomplish all directions of flight:

Townsend T. Brown Patents

300,311 - T.T.Brown (Nov. 15, 1928) A Method of and an Apparatus or Machine for Producing Force or Motion

1,974,483 - T.T.Brown (Sep. 25, 1934) Electrostatic Motor

2,949,550 - T.T.Brown (Aug. 16, 1960) Electrokinetic Apparatus

3,022,430 - T.T.Brown (Feb. 20, 1962) Electrokinetic Generator

3,187,206 - T.T.Brown (June 1, 1965) Electrokinetic Apparatus

3,296,491 - T.T.Brown (Jan. 3, 1967) Method and Apparatus for Producing Ions and Electrically-Charged Aerosols

3,518,462 T.T.Brown June 30, 1970 Fluid Flow Control System


Dr. Edwin Saxl - Electrified Pendulum

An interesting experiment conducted by Dr. Edwin Saxl and reported in Nature Magazine seemingly utilized the same connection between electricity and gravity that the Biefeld-Brown effect uses.

In his experiment, Dr. Saxl placed a torque pendulum inside an electrified cage. The cage was electrically charged with voltages varying from 0 to 5000 volts. With these conditions, the period of the pendulum was noted to decrease as the voltage increased.

Since the period of a pendulum is directly proportional to the gravitational constant, the conclusion is that gravity and/or mass was decreased within the statically charged cage.

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