by David Talbott
Mar 25, 2005
from Thunderbolts Website
Credit left: NASA
Plasma physicist uses electric arcs to replicate the mysterious
spherules on the Red Planet
A few days later, Opportunity photographed a sight that could alter our ideas about the recent history of the solar system:
Their blue-gray color set them apart from the reddish hue of the
iron-rich Martian soil and suggested a name for them - blueberries.
Hematite is an iron-rich mineral and is the primary constituent of the soil surrounding the blueberries. Geologists surmised that they are Martian counterparts of terrestrial concretions, which are commonly believed to have formed through water-induced mineral leakage. But this only widens the mystery. Theories about the formative processes of concretions are little more than untested guesses.
No geologist has seen a concretion being made or has made one in a laboratory - or has disproved a competing theory. (But geologists have shown that the more a guess is repeated, the more it’s apt to be called a fact.)
For many years Electric Universe theorists have proposed that concretions be examined for evidence of formation through electric discharge.
In our Picture of the Day for August 27, 2004, Blueberries on Mars (above image), we compared the Martian spherules to hematite concretions from Texas and “Moqui balls” from Utah.
We gave several
reasons for investigating the possible electrical origins of
concretions, geodes, and other mysterious spherical geologic forms.
These characteristics are also found in the "natural"
spherules. The Moqui balls pictured here
(above - lower left)
equatorial bulges and polar markings. Rock-cutters recommend that
you will get a better display from a geode if you first locate the
equator and poles, then cut across the poles.
He obtained a quantity of hematite and blasted
it with an electric arc. The results are seen in the right half of
the image above. The embedded spheres created by the arc appear to replicate many of the features of the blueberries on Mars. No other
laboratory process has achieved a similar result. It should
encourage further experiments using higher energies.
Dr C.J. Ransom’s and Wallace Thornhill’s paper on the laboratory-generated spherules will be presented at the national meeting of the American Physical Society, in Tampa Florida, April 17, 2005.