My Angel of Truth

Some have no idea what a spiritual connection is. Others have so little knowledge of this that they have a prejudice toward others who do have it. If I had to choose between my money and things or my connection to spirit I would walk away from all my material things without question. I certainly don’t need my little angel feelings to know X is upon us but it’s nice to know they agree. If I’ve studied a subject matter and have developed a certain high level of understanding, I have a way to check the validity of the information by asking my inner voice if it is correct.


I have what I can only describe as a highly pleasurable direct connection to what I will call my source. At its best chills start from the bottom of my ankles and travel all the way up my body until it feels like they are flooding off the top of my head. In a way sex is not any better than this. The most intense of these feelings are not localized in one area. In addition, these feelings or chills leave me with more energy and enthusiasm than when they started.


This makes me believe that the hedonistic pursuit of pleasure is a natural thing. Most look outside of themselves to find it. It could very well be the body was meant to create pleasure but will only last if sought after in the correct way, which might be following and finding what is true to your spirit. The many other ways of obtaining pleasure from other than spiritual, social or mental sources will eventually wear you down, sicken and eventually take you to your grave. Developing this strong connection to your source may be the key to a happy, highly pleasurable and spiritually connected life.

Now if I’m not on the right track about what I’m questioning or pondering I don’t get any feelings. It’s kind of like red light, green light. I don’t know why this happens. It does work better if I keep myself in good shape physically I’ve noticed. Any sort of stimulants, stress, overeating or exhaustion have a deadening effect on this process. Maybe its the next step in mans evolution. It certainly is mine. I’ve painted the big picture for you. Now you will begin to see the smaller pieces fall into place almost without trying.

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The Ancients had Specific Knowledge of X’s Orbit and Destruction

Toward the beginning of this book, I gave you several names from ancient sources that were in fact labels given for Planet X by these people. Zecharia Sitchin’s translations of ancient Sumerian text is among the best sources. His set of books will enlighten you to a past civilization that was in many ways as varied and remarkable as our own. Since civilizations come and go on every time X goes by, our history books are mainly in the dark to earth’s rich and varied stories of greatness from long long ago.

The 12th Planet by Zecharia Sitchin:

Landing on Planet Earth, pages 260-263, 178, and 201

In February, 1971, the United States launched Pioneer 10. Pioneer 10 scientists attached to it an engraved aluminum plaque. It attempts to tell whoever might find the plaque that Mankind is male and female, etc., and that (Pioneer 10) is from the 3rd planet of this Sun. Our astronomy is geared to the notion that Earth is the 3rd planet, which indeed it is if one begins the count from the center of our system, the Sun.


But to someone nearing our solar system from the outside, the 1st planet to be encountered would be Pluto, the 2nd Neptune, the 3rd Uranus, the 4th Saturn, the 5th Jupiter, the 6th Mars .. and the Earth would be 7th. We know today that beyond the giant planets Jupiter and Saturn lie more major planets, Uranus and Neptune, and a small planet, Pluto. But such knowledge is quiet recent. Uranus was discovered, through the use of improved telescopes, in 1781. Neptune was pinpointed by astronomers (guided by mathematical calculations) in 1846.


It became evident that Neptune was being subjected to unknown gravitational pull, and in 1930 Pluto (was located). In Assyrian times, the celestial count of a god’s planet was often indicated by the appropriate number of symbols placed alongside the god’s throne. Thus, a plaque depicting the god (of Saturn) placed 4 star symbols at his throne. Many cylinder seals and other graphic relics depict Mars as the 6th planet. A cylinder seal shows the god associated with Mars seated on a throne under a 6-pointed star. Ample evidence shows that Venus was depicted as an 8 pointed star.


Other symbols on the seal show the Sun, much in the same manner we would depict it today; the Moon; and the cross, the symbol of the Planet of Crossing, the 12th Planet.



Kingship of Heaven, pages 246-248

The (12th) Planet’s periodic appearance and disappearance from Earth’s view confirms the assumption of its permanence in solar orbit. In this it acts like many comets. If so, why are our astronomers not aware of the existence of this planet?


The fact is that even an orbit half as long as the lower figure for (the comet) Kohoutek, (every 7,500 years), would take the 12th Planet about 6 times farther away from us than Pluto - a distance at which such a planet would not be visible from Earth. In fact, the known planets beyond Saturn were first discovered not visually but mathematically. The Mesopotamian and biblical sources present strong evidence that the orbital period of the 12th Planet is 3,600 years.


The number 3,600 was written in Sumerian as a large circle. The epithet for the planet, shar, also meant “a perfect circle” or “a completed cycle”. It also meant the number 3,600. The identity of the three terms - planet / orbit / 3,600 - could not be a mere coincidence. The reign periods (a Sumarian text) gives are also perfect multiples of the 3,600 year shar. The conclusion that suggests itself is that these shar’s of rulership were related to the orbital period shar, 3,600 years.



Kingship of Heaven, pages 242-245

All the people of the ancient world considered the periodic nearing of the 12th Planet as a sign of great upheavals, great changes, new eras. The Mesopotamian texts spoke of the planet’s periodic appearance as an anticipated, predictable, and observable event. “The great planet, at his appearance dark red. “The day itself was described by the Old Testament as a time of rains, inundations, and earthquakes.


If we think of the biblical passages as referring, like their Mesopotamian counterparts, to the passage in Earth’s vicinity of a large planet with a strong gravitational pull, the words of Isaiah can be plainly understood. “From a far away land they came, from the end-point of Heaven do the Lord and his weapons of wrath come to destroy the whole Earth. Therefore will I agitate the Heaven and Earth shall be shaken out of its place. When the Lord of Hosts shall be crossing, the day of his burning wrath. “The prophet Amos explicitly predicted:

“It shall come to pass on that Day, sayeth the Lord God, and I will cause the Sun to go down at noon and I will darken the Earth in the midst of daytime.“

The prophet Zechariah informed the people that this phenomenon of an arresting Earth’s spin around its own axis would last only one day:

“And it shall come to pass on that Day that there shall be no light uncommonly shall it freeze. And there shall be one day, known to the Lord, which there shall be neither day or night.“

The prophet Joel said: “The Sun shall be turned into darkness, and the Moon shall be as red blood.

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Earth Science -

Evidence of Abrupt Regular Earth Changes From The Approximate 3600 Year Orbit of Planet X

Earth is speaking to us loud and clear. Are you listening? It may be tedious to sift through but for those who must know the archeological evidence read on. There’s volumes of more material than the studies I present here. I could have filled an entire book with it. Presenting only archeological science showing the regularity of X’s passage would not give you the entire picture. You’ll notice that there are references to “ice ages”.


This is simply a theory and not the reason for the sudden changes. The evidence points to 3500-3700 years ago which is the best estimates as some of the studies can come up with. X’s passage caused many verifiable Earth changes approximately 3600 years ago. Most of the dates given correspond to the last passage or are multiples of 3600 which point to a passage several times before.


The scientists who made these discoveries did not know that they were giving evidence of Planet X’s destruction from previous passages. One has to have knowledge of X’s regular passage to see how these studies fit together. Rapid world wide sea level fluctuations as much as 20 feet can be easily checked globally and the time frames verified. Now you can put the pieces together for yourself when combined with the other sources.

Scientists See Evidence of Rapid Climate Change
MSNBC Online,

October 28, 1999
In a study that may sound a warning, researchers have found evidence that the world’s climate can change suddenly, almost like a thermostat that clicks from cold to hot. A new technique for analyzing gases trapped in Greenland glaciers shows that an ice age that gripped the Earth for thousands of years ended abruptly 15,000 years ago when the average air temperatures soared.

“There was a 16-degree abrupt warming at the end of the last ice age,” said Jeffrey P. Severinghaus of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, lead author of a study to be published Friday in the journal Science.


“It happened within just a couple of decades. The old idea was that the temperature would change over a thousand years. But we found it was much faster.


“Change in Water Temperature: Severinghaus said the rapid rise in air temperature in Greenland may have been touched off by a surge in warm currents in the Atlantic Ocean that brought a melting trend to the vast ice sheet that covered the Northern Hemisphere. It still took hundreds of years for the ice to recede, but the start of the great thaw was much more sudden than scientists had once thought. This suggests, Severinghaus said, that the Earth’s climate is “tippy” - prone to be stable for long periods, but then suddenly change when the conditions are right. This raises a red flag of caution.

Earth in Upheaval

by Immanuel Velikovsky
(This guy was a buddy of Albert Einstein’s)

The Ivory Islands, pages 4-6

In 1797 the body of a mammoth, with flesh, skin, and hair, was found in northeastern Siberia. The flesh had the appearance of freshly frozen beef; it was edible, and wolves and sled dogs fed on it without harm. The ground must have been frozen ever since the day of their entombment; had it not been frozen, the bodies of the mammoths would have putrefied in a single summer, but they remained unspoiled for some thousands of years.


In some mammoths, when discovered, even the eyeballs were still preserved. (All) this shows that the cold became suddenly extreme .. and knew no relenting afterward. In the stomachs and between the teeth of the mammoths were found plants and grasses that do not grow now in northern Siberia ..(but are) .. now found in southern Siberia.


Microscopic examination of the skin showed red blood corpuscles, which was proof not only of a sudden death, but that the death was due to suffocation either by gases or water.

Whales in the Mountains, pages 46-49
Bones of whale have been found 440 feet above sea level, north of Lake Ontario; a skeleton of another whale was discovered in Vermont, more than 500 feet above sea level; and still another in the Montreal- Quebec area, about 600 feet above sea level. Although the Humphrey whale and beluga occasionally enter the mouth of the St. Lawrence, they do not climb hills.

Times and Dates, pages 202-203
Careful investigation by W.A. Johnston of the Niagara River bed disclosed that the present channel was cut by the falls less than 4,000 years ago. And equally careful investigation of the Bear River delta by Hanson showed that the age of this delta was 3,600 years.

The study by Claude Jones of the lakes of the Great Basin showed that these lakes, remnants of larger glacial lakes, have existed only about 3,500 years.

Gales obtained the same result on Owen Lake in California and also Van Winkle on Abert and Summer lakes in Oregon.

Radiocarbon analysis by Libby also indicates that plants associated with extinct animals (mastodons) in Mexico are probably only 3,500 years old. Similar conclusions concerning the late survival of the Pleistocene fauna were drawn by various field workers in many parts of the American continent.

Suess and Rubin found with the help of radiocarbon analysis that in the mountains of the western United States ice advanced only 3000 years ago. The Florida fossil beds at Vero and Melbourne proved - by the artifacts found there together with human bones and the remains of animals, many of which are extinct - that these fossil beds were deposited between 2,000 and 4,000 years ago.


From observations on beaches in numerous places all over the world, Daly concluded that there was a change in the ocean level, which dropped sixteen to twenty feet 3,500 years ago. Kuenen and others confirmed Daly’s findings with evidence derived from Europe.


Dropped Ocean Level, pages 181-183

R.A. Daly observed that in a great many places all around the world there is a uniform emergence of the shore line of 18 to 20 feet. In the southwest Pacific, on the islands belonging to the Samoan group but spread over two hundred miles, the same emergence is evident. Nearly halfway around the world, at St. Helena in the South Atlantic, the lava is punctuated by dry sea caves, the floors of which are covered with water-worn pebbles, now dusty because untouched by the surf. The emergence there is also 20 feet.

At the Cape of Good Hope caves and beaches also prove recent and sensibly uniform emergence to the extent of about 20 feet. Marine terraces, indicating similar emergence, are found along the Atlantic coast from New York to the Gulf of Mexico; for at least 1,000 miles along the coast of eastern Australia; along the coasts of Brazil, southwest Africa, and many islands in the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Oceans.


The emergence is recent as well as of the same order of magnitude, (20 feet). Judging from the condition of beaches, terraces, and caves, the emergence seems to have been simultaneous on every shore.

In (Daly’s) opinion the cause lies in the sinking of the level of all seas on the globe. Alternatively, Daly thinks it could have resulted from a deepening of the oceans or from an increase in their areas. Of special interest is the time of the change. Daly estimated the sudden drop of oceanic level to (have occurred) some 3,000 to 4,000 years ago.

Shifting Poles, pages 111, 44, and 46
All other theories of the origin of the Ice Age having failed, there remained an avenue of approach which already early in the discussion was chosen by several geologists: a shift in the terrestrial poles. If for some reason the poles had moved, old polar ice would have moved out of the Arctic and Antarctic circles and into new regions.


The glacial cover of the Ice Age could have been the polar ice cap of an earlier epoch. The continent of Antarctica is larger than Europe. It has not a single tree, not a single bush, not a single blade of grass. Very few fungi have been found. Storms of great velocity circle the Antarctic most of the year.


E.H. Shackleton, during his expedition to Antarctica in 1907 found fossil wood in the sandstone. Then he discovered 7 seams of coal. The seams are each between 3 and 7 feet thick. Associated with the coal is sandstone containing coniferous wood. Spitsbergen in the Arctic Ocean is as far north from Oslo in Norway as Oslois from Naples. Heer identified 136 species of fossil plants from Spitsbergen. Among the plants were pines, firs, spruces, and cypresses, also elms, hazels, and water lilies.

At the northernmost tip of Spitsbergen Archipelago, a bed of black and lustrous coal 25 to 30 feet thick was found. (Spitsbergen) is buried in darkness for half the year and is now almost continuously buried under snow and ice. At some time in the remote past corals grew and are still found on the entire fringe of polar North America - in Alaska, Canada, and Greenland. In later times fig palms bloomed within the Arctic Circle.


Sea and Land Changed Places, pages 14, 74, and 180

(Cuvier) found in the gypsum deposits in the suburbs of Paris marine limestone containing over eight hundred species of shells, all of them marine. Under this limestone there is another - fresh water - deposit formed of clay.

Much of France was once under sea; then is was land, populated by land reptiles; then it became sea again and was populated by marine animals; then it was land again, inhabited by mammals. And as it was on the site of Paris, so it was in other parts of France, and in other countries of Europe. The Himalayas, highest mountains in the world, rise like a thousand mile long wall north of India. Many of its peaks tower over 20,000 feet, Mount Everest reaching 29,000 feet.


Scientists of the nineteenth century were dismayed to find that, as high as they climbed, the rocks of the massifs yielded skeletons of marine animals, fish that swim in the ocean, and shells of mollusks. This was evidence that the Himalayas had risen from beneath the sea. In many places of the world the seacoast shows either submerged or raised beaches.


The previous surf line is seen on the rock of raised beaches; where the coast became submerged, the earlier water line is found chiseled by the surf in the rock below the present level of the sea. In the case of the Pacific coast of Chile Charles Darwin observed that the beach must have risen 1300 feet only recently - within the period during which upraised shells have remained undecayed on the surface.


Floods The Flood, by Charles Ginenthal
The evidence I present below is a mélange of data regarding more than one global flood. Apparently, the earlier global floods occurred when major ice caps covered the continents and later floods occurred after these were destroyed.

Recent findings verify that such global floods occurred and negate the uniformitarian argument that the flood evidence indicates only local flood episodes.


The basic uniformitarian argument is that the great floods were unique events caused by ice-dammed lakes unleashed when the ice dams broke. However, if individual, localized floods occurred repeatedly during the last Ice Age, they would have washed away the whale fossils found on or near the earth surface. However, whale bones and other marine fossils have been found far inland, without having been either destroyed or eroded down to tiny fragments. This strongly supports the global flood hypothesis and contradicts the local flood theory.

This evidence fully supports Velikovsky’s hypothesis. If the Earth’s axis tilted or the crust suddenly, violently, moved over the mantle, then the oceans would move en masse, as immense tidal waves, away from the equator and toward the poles. On the rotating Earth, due to the Coriolis force, these tide waves would move not only north and south but also counterclockwise in the northern hemisphere and clockwise in the southern hemisphere.


Since the Pacific Ocean lies between the continents of North America and Asia in the northern hemisphere, and the continental coastlines form an inverted V (/ \) with its apex at the Bering Strait, the tide water would veer east, over Alaska and Canada, and west, over Asia. In the Atlantic Ocean, the tidewater would flow more easily near the poles, covering a larger area; this would create smaller continental floods.


Any ice caps in these regions would be swept away from their landlocked moorings out into the northern Atlantic Ocean and would break up, depositing large amounts of detritus on the sea bed. Since neither eastern Siberia nor Alaska were covered by such a continental ice sheet, minute amounts of glacial detritus should have been deposited in the Pacific Ocean compared to that laid down in the Atlantic Ocean.

Climate Changes in Prehistory and History

Switzerland Climate Changes in Prehistory and History

By Ken Hsu <>


Studying the varves of Silva plana, my student Andreas Lehmann found no Holocene varves older than 4000 years, when there was no “glacial-milk” sediment..

The conclusion is inescapable: There were no varves because the Engadine lakes were not frozen every year. There were no “glacial milk” deposits when there were no Alpine glaciers! I was excited by Lehmann’s discovery and called my former student Dr. Kerry Kelts at Minnesota. He headed our Limnology Laboratory at ETH-Z before accepting a professorship at University of Minnesota. Kelts was not surprised. He told me daily: “I have been telling you all those years of the 4000 BP event, and you did not listen. There was a global cooling when the Climatic Optimum came to an end."



North Africa Climate Changes in Prehistory and History

By Ken Hsu <>...


Prof. Nicola Petit-Maire, at University of Marseilles, described the vast lacustrine deposits in the Sahara desert: the sediments were laid down during a humid phase between 9,500 to 4,000 BP. Rainfall was so abundant then that Mali was not a desert but land of great lakes.


The Cro-Magnon people came across the Strait of Gibraltar from Spain to the savannas of Sahara. They hunted elephants, rhinoceros, buffaloes, hippopotamus, antelopes, and giraffes, as depicted in their wonderful rock paintings. The deserts of North Africa expanded, however, and an early clustering of cold centuries around 5200 BP caused the deterioration of environments. Hunters and grazers left Sahara and settled on as farmers of the alluvial plains of Egypt. The cooling and aridity continued and the last of the Saharan lakes dried up 4,000 BP, ending the Saharan civilization, at about the same time when the glaciers advanced in the Alps.

Mild and wet climate prevailed during the Climatic Optimum in the Near East. I visited the Canannite City Arad on the edge of the Negev Desert: it was a populous settlement of several thousand inhabitants during the Early Bronze Age. Suddenly Arad was abandoned.


The deserted city showed no signs of destruction by war, the exodus was necessitated by a shortage of water supply. Indeed, the centuries-long drought in the Middle East was the cause of the collapse of the Early Bronze Age civilization in Mesopotamia, as Prof. H. Weiss of Yale and his colleagues concluded. A marked increase in aridity caused the abandonment of settlements in the north and the collapse of the Akkadian Empire in the south.


The impact of was extensive: there were synchronous collapse of the civilizations in Hindus Valley and in Egypt. The climatic catastrophe started around 2200 BC and came to an end 300 years later. This was the expression of the 4000 BP Event in Middle East.



Central Europe Climate Changes in Prehistory and History

By Ken Hsu <>...


In central Europe, the 4,000 BP Event brought not aridity, but increased precipitation. The cold and wet climate caused the advance of the Alpine glaciers. In the region of Pre alpine lakes, the Lake Dwellers had enjoyed warm and dry climate, and they had built villages on the shores of lowland lakes. When the cold and wet climate came, the settlements were flooded, the Lake Dwellers had to leave their homes, when the lake-level rose. The Zurich archaeologists discovered, for example, that the villages on the shores of the lake were abandoned about 2,400 BC, and they remained uninhabited for about 800 years.

In northern Europe, cattle farming had brought prosperity to the megalithic king domes. The 4000 BP Event brought forth late springs and cold and wet summers. Crops were not harvested because of late planting, and cattle were famished when it became impossible to make hays. The Indo-Europeans of northern Europe had to move. Carrying battle axes and corded-ware pottery, they went to southern Russia, from there to southeastern Europe, to Anatolia, to Persia and India. and to northwest China.


China Climate Changes in Prehistory and History

By Ken Hsu <>...


The 4000 BP event hit China also. When the legendary King Huangti ruled in China, at about 3,000 BCE, mulberry trees grew in north China where elephants and rhinoceros roamed. The climate turned cold and arid then. Yu, the first king of the Xia Dynasty, received credit for having tamed devastating floods. He may in fact not have done more than his predecessors, except flooding eased when rain storms ceased their visitation.


India—Academic Press Insight, 5 April 1999

by Diana Steele

The people of the Harrapan-Indus civilization, who lived in what is now northwestern India, flourished between 2600 and 2000 B.C. To probe the region’s climate history, a team of geologists from Israel, the United States, and India used carbon-dating and chemical analysis to examine sediments from a now-dry lake, Lunkaransar, in the Thar Desert.


As the level of the briny lake fell, salts and other minerals precipitated in distinct layers.

“These lake sediments give a very high-resolution record of changing lake levels, which reflect changing amounts of precipitation in the region,” says Lisa Ely, a geologist at Central Washington University in Ellensburg.

Ely and her colleagues found that the lake has been mostly dry for the last 5500 years. Before then, they found, the region was wet for 15 centuries—a period that ended a millennium before the Harrapan-Indus peoples began to prosper. But an arid climate by no means rules out a healthy civilization, notes Blair Kling, a historian at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.


Even without plentiful rain, the Harrapan-Indus inhabitants, he says, could have depended on the Indus River for irrigation. Kling says there is evidence that a flood may have forced refugees into the cities around 1600 B.C., leading to overcrowding that could have played a role in the civilization’s downfall.


Sahara—In the July 15, 1999

paper published by the journal, Geophysical Research Letters


The Sahara desert’s arid climate change occurred quickly and dramatically 4000 to 3600 years ago. A team of researchers headed by Martin Cluassen of Germany’s Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact research analyzed computer models of climate over the past several thousand years.


They concluded that the change to today’s desert climate in the Sahara was triggered by changes in the Earth’s orbit and the tilt of Earth’s axis. The switch in North Africa’s climate and vegetation was abrupt. In the Sahara, “we find an abrupt decrease in vegetation from a green Sahara to a desert shrub land within a few hundred years” scientists reported. No longer were grasses and other plants collecting water and releasing it back into the atmosphere; now sand baked in the stronger sun and rivers dried up. The scientists do not say what caused the change in the tilt of Earth’s axis.


3,600 Years Ago—The Canaanites earliest real presence was 1550 BC

(Source: The Canaanites by John Grey)


According to the World Book Encyclopedia: An unknown civilization with an alphabet that has yet to be deciphered lived in the Indus Valley (W. Pakistan). Around 1500 BC they disappeared.

Around 1500 BC a civilization arose on the banks of the Hwang Ho river in north central China. According to Encarta: The 1st dynasty of Babylon ended in 1595 BC. In the Semitic culture, Hyksos was deposed in 1570 BC, and the Jewish exodus led by Moses happened shortly thereafter. This featured a river Nile filled with “blood” and water they could not drink. The Cycladic settlement on the island of Thera was destroyed by a great volcanic eruption about 1500 BC.

Hittite internal strife caused great disorder and ended in 1525 BC with King Telipinu.

China gave birth to one of the earliest civilizations and has a recorded history that dates from some 3,500 years ago. Pottery pieces found in Fiji suggest the islands were settled in the west from Melanesia at least 3,500 years ago. Iron manufacturing originated about 3,500 years ago when iron ore was accidentally heated in the presence of charcoal.

The Tongon and Samoan islands were probably settled from Fiji about 3,500 years ago. According to M.I. Farley, author of Early Greece, 1970: There was total catastrophe all over Crete about 1400 BC The Santorini eruption (about 1500 BC) was several times greater in scope than the 1883 Krakatoa eruption.

The book Ancient Europe by Stuart Pigget (1965) states that around 1500 BC, Zimbabwe, and Dhlodhlo were built.
According to Earth in Upheaval by Velikovsky Research by W. A. Johnston of the Niagara River bed disclosed that the present channel was cut by the falls less than 4000 years ago. Careful study of the Bear River delta by Hanson showed the age of this delta was 3,600 years.

A study by Claude Jones of the Great Lakes showed that these lakes have existed only 3,500 years. This is confirmed by several geographic historical maps of Michigan available in Michigan libraries. Gales obtained the same result on Owen Lake in California. Van Winkle obtained the same result on Abert and Summer lakes in Oregon. Radiocarbon analysis by Libby also indicates that plants associated with mastodons in Mexico are probably only 3,500 years old.


Similar conclusions concerning the late survival of the Pleistocene fauna were drawn by various field workers in many parts of the American continent. From observations on beaches throughout the world, Daly concluded that there was a change in the ocean level, which dropped sixteen to twenty feet 3,500 years ago. Kuenen and others confirmed Daly’s findings with evidence derived from Europe.


According to Stuart Struever and Felicia Antonelli Holton, authors of the Koster Settlement in Koster, IL. “It is apparent that people occupied Horizon 4 for a much shorter time and less intensely than the other levels”. They were referring to the site that began in 2000 BC.


Other earlier sites ranged from 3900-2800 BC, and then 5000 BC.

7,200 Years Ago—According to Basil Davidson, author of Lost Cities of Africa, new types of humanity appeared in Africa around 5,000 BC (3500 x2). According to Ancient Europe by Stuart Pigget, stone using agricultural peasantry began in Europe near 5,500 BC (3750 x 2).


According to December 17, 1996 New York Times article titled Black Sea Deluge May Be Tied to Spread of Farming in Europe, an international team of geologists and oceanographers reconstructed the history of a catastrophic flood from data gathered by a Russian research ship in 1993. Seismic soundings and sediment cores revealed traces of the sea’s former shorelines, showing an abrupt 500 foot rise in water levels.


Radiocarbon dating of the transition from fresh water to marine organisms in the cores put the time of the event at about 7,700 years ago (5,500 BC). According to the September 10, 1996 issue of the Seattle Times: the research ship JOIDES (Joint Oceanographic Institutions for the Deep Earth Sampling) Resolution “could easily see the light colored ash deposited from the eruption of Oregon’s Mount Mazama 6,950 years ago.


That titanic eruption created Crater Lake and threw out at least 40 times as much magma as Mount St. Helens did in 1980 and serves as a useful marker to date mud layers. JOIDES is a Hubble telescope for the ocean, the most advanced drilling vessel in the world. “It has 12 laboratories, more than 100 research computers and can drill in water up to 27,000 feet deep. “The planet appears to operate in a quasi-stable mode and pops up to a new state” said NSF’s Corell.

Other Cycles—According to the September 10, 1996 issue of the Seattle Times:

The lodge pole pine forest suddenly died 10,900 years ago (3633 x 3).

“The weather here changed so fast and so severely that the forest of the lodge pole pine that had succeeded Ice Age glaciers died in a blink.”


“This is catastrophic climate change”, said paleobotanist Richard Hebda.

Ice Age glaciers retreated from the Seattle area 14,000 years ago (3500 x 4) Page 22-23 of Early Man in the New World by Kenneth MacGowan (1950) shows charts of major glacial changes 18,000 years ago (3600 x 5), 25,000 years ago (3570 x 7), 40,000 years ago (3636 x 11), and 65,000 years ago (3611 x18)!


According to Encarta:

  • The Dalton era, which started about 10,500 (3500 x 3) years ago and lasted about 1,000 years in Arkansas.

  • The first animals used in husbandry were domesticated in southwest Asia 11,000 years ago (3636 x 3).

  • Most sequoias suffered extinction 11,000 years ago (3636 x 3)

  • About 11,000 years ago (3636 x 3), the axis of the earth pointed so as to give the northern hemisphere colder winters and warmer summers.

  • Norway was inhabited 14,000 (3500 x 5) years ago.

  • Indianapolis is located on the Tipton Till Plain, an area of flat to gently rolling land shaped 18,000 (3600 x 5) years ago.

  • The peak of the last ice age was 22,000 (3667 x 6) years ago.

  • The Great Salt Lake is a shallow remnant of Lake Bonneville, a large deep fresh water lake that occupied much of western Utah and parts of Nevada and Idaho from approximately 50,000 (3571 x 14) years ago to approximately 25,000 (3571 x 7) years ago.

  • According to an October 9, 1998 article from the Associated Press and Science magazine, a major ice age occurred 22,000 years ago (6 x 3666).


Tsunami Signatures

From Geo Science, Tsunami Along the South Coast of NSW

The first event probably occurred concomitantly with the rise of Holocene sea-level near modern levels around 7000 BP. ...The impact of these tsunami upon the coastal landscape has been profound.


Several signatures provide estimates of the magnitude of run-up of these events. The height to which chaotic mixes of sediment and imbricated boulder stacks have been deposited and the height of headlands that have had a smear of clay, sand and shell plastered across them give general estimates of the run-up height. The elevation of eroded landscape features on headlands gives information about the depth and velocity of flow.


The presence of sand laminae and splayed sand units within deltaic sediments permit the landward limit of tsunami impact to be determined. This geomorphic evidence indicates that the largest tsunami waves swept sediment across the continental shelf and obtained flow depths of 15-20 m at the coastline with velocities in excess of 10 meters per second. Along cliffs, and especially at Jervis Bay, waves reached elevations of 40-100 m with evidence of flow depths in excess of 15 m.


Preliminary evidence on the Shoalhaven delta indicates that waves penetrated 10 km inland for at least one event. This geomorphic evidence suggests that the New South Wales south coast is subject to tsunami waves an order of magnitude greater than that indicated by historic tide gauge records.

Recent work indicates that the southeast coast of Australia may not be the only coast to be affected by catastrophic tsunami. The geomorphic signatures of such events have been found on Lord Howe Island in the mid-Tasman Sea, along the north Queensland coast and along the northwest coast of Western Australia.


At the latter location, there is good evidence that a recent wave swept more than 30 km inland, in the process topping 60 m high hills more than 2 km from the coast.

Finally bedrock sculpturing features have been identified on the islands of Hawaii and along the east coast of Scotland. The latter location is within the zone affected by the tsunami generated by a large submarine landslide near Storegga, Norway also 7,000 years ago.

Thera Eruption
The Eruption of Thera Devastation in the Mediterranean Greater Than Krakatoa

When Krakatoa exploded on August 26, 1883, it caused widespread destruction and loss of life on the coasts of Java and Sumatra. Blast waves cracked walls and broke windows up to 160 km. away.


Tidal waves, reportedly up to 36 meters high, inundated the shores of the Sunda Strait, destroying nearly 300 towns and villages, and overnight more than 35,000 people lost their lives. The Changing Face of the Thera Problem Krakatoa erupted noisily. It could be heard as much as 3,000 miles away on Rodrigues Island in the Indian Ocean. Vibrations shattered shop windows 80 miles off.


The energy; released in the main explosion has been estimated to be equivalent to an explosion of 150 megatons of TNT. Ships navigating the seas in the vicinity of Krakatoa reported that floating pumice in some places had formed a layer about 3 m thick. Other shops, 160 miles off, reported that they were covered with dust three days after the end of the eruption. In fact the dust cloud completely shrouded the area, so that it was dark even 257 miles away from the epicenter.

The period of darkness lasted twenty-four hours in places 130 miles distant and fifty-seven hours 50 miles away. The black-out in the immediate vicinity continued for three days and was so total that not even lamp-light could penetrate it. Stunningly beautiful sunsets were observed during the winter months in both American and Europe, thanks to the suspension of fine particles of dust in the atmosphere.

Thera - Pompeii of the Ancient Aegean

Christos G. Doumas, p. 141

Two titanic volcanic explosions occurred in the Mediterranean in the fifteenth century BC, one on Mount Vesuvius and the other on the island of Thera near Crete. Each dwarfed the great explosion of the Krakatoa volcano in 1883.


Robert Jastrow, Hero or Heretic?

Science Digest, Sep/Oct ‘80

According to current data, the last two great eruptions of Vesuvius occurred in 3580 B.C.E and 79 C.E. (the latter being the eruption which buried Pompei and Herculaneum). Both Krakatoa and Thera have a Volcanic Explosivity Index or VEI of 6 which rates them as “colossal” with a plume height over 25 km and a displacement volume of between 10 and 100 ks km.

Robert Jastrow, Hero or Heretic?

Science Digest, Sep/Oct ‘80

Chieh Dynasty. In the twenty-ninth year of King Chieh [the last ruler of Hsia, the earliest recorded Chinese dynasty], the Sun was dimmed... King Chieh lacked virtue... the Sun was distressed... during the last years of Chieh ice formed in [summer] mornings and frosts in the sixth month [July]. Heavy rainfall toppled temples and buildings... Heaven gave severe orders. The Sun and Moon were untimely. Hot and cold weather arrived in disorder. The five cereal crops withered and died. Written during the reign of Emperor Qin c.1600 B.C.

Mediterranean—New Scientist,

16 January 1999, p. 43 Book
Review: Noah’s Flood by William Ryan and Walter Pitman Simon & Schuster, ISBN 0684810522

There was a truly great flood around the Black Sea, recounted orally and eventually in writing by descendants of the scattered groups of survivors. Geology, climatology, archaeology, linguistics, history and international subterfuge bordering on espionage all play a part in a fascinating story that reveals as much about how science works today as it does about the world 7000 years ago.


... A chance remark from a colleague set Ryan and Pitman wondering whether a similar catastrophic flood could have been witnessed and remembered as the story of Noah. Strands of evidence from diverse fields slowly came together to implicate the Black Sea, around 5600 BC.

Geologists Speculate on Noah’s Flood Associated Press
Some biblical fundamentalists have expended great energy searching for the remains of Noah’s ark. Geological research does find reason to believe there was indeed a vast, sudden and deadly flood around 5,600 B.C., close enough to the possible time of Noah to fascinate biblical literalists and liberals alike.


The Ryan-Pitman candidate for the great Flood locale is what we know as the Black Sea, bordering Turkey to the north. In 1993, Ryan and Pitman joined a Russian expedition on the Black Sea and used the latest technology to examine evidence of geological patterns, soil layers and forms of aquatic life that existed in ancient times.


One telltale clue: Freshwater mollusks with smashed shells gave way to salt-water creatures that had intact shells, a biological transition that could be dated through carbon-14 testing of the shell remains. From such research, the scientists spin this scenario: Until about 5600 B.C. the Black Sea was an inland fresh-water lake, considerably smaller than today’s salt-water sea and lying far below the level of the Mediterranean Sea.


Black Sea—Trailing Ancient Mariners

Washington Post, September 26, 1999

As the story is told in the Old Testament, the great flood lasted for 40 days and 40 nights, and submerged every living thing on Earth beneath 24 feet of water, sparing only Noah, his family and the pairs of animals he protected on his ark. Scientists have never found Noah or his ark, but they believe in his flood. It happened about 7,600 years ago, when the Mediterranean Sea, swollen by melted glaciers, breached a natural dam separating it from the freshwater lake known today as the Black Sea. ...


The theory of the Black Sea’s Neolithic catastrophe was developed by Columbia University marine geologists William Ryan and Walter Pitman over three decades of research and published this year in their book Noah’s Flood. The authors describe how the sea level worldwide began to rise as glaciers melted at the end of the last ice age 15,000 years ago.


When the melt began, the Black Sea was a freshwater lake fed by rivers, among them those known today as the Danube, the Dnieper and the Don. On the lake’s southern edge, a 360-foot natural dam held back the waters of what is now the Mediterranean Sea. By 7,600 years ago, sea level probably had risen to within 15 feet of the lip of the Bosporus. And then it flooded....


For Noah’s Flood, a New Wave Of Evidence

Washington Post, November 18, 1999

Scientists have discovered an ancient coastline 550 feet below the surface of the Black Sea, providing dramatic new evidence of a sudden, catastrophic flood around 7,500 years ago - the possible source of the Old Testament story of Noah. A team of deep-sea explorers this summer captured the first sonar images of a gentle berm and a sandbar submerged undisturbed for thousands of years on the sea floor.


Now, using radiocarbon dating techniques, analysts have shown that the remains of freshwater mollusks subsequently dredged from the ancient beach date back 7,500 years and saltwater species begin showing up 6,900 years ago. Explorer Robert D. Ballard, who led the team that collected the shells, said the findings indicate a flood occurred sometime during the 600-year gap. “What we wanted to do is prove to ourselves that it was the biblical flood,“ Ballard said in an interview this week.

The findings offer independent verification of a theory advanced by Columbia University geologists William Ryan and Walter Pitman that the Black Sea was created when melting glaciers raised the sea level until the sea breached a natural dam at what is now the Bosporus, the strait that separates the Mediterranean Sea from the Black Sea.


An apocalyptic deluge followed, inundating the freshwater lake below the dam, submerging thousands of square miles of dry land, flipping the ecosystem from fresh water to salt practically overnight, and probably killing thousands of people and billions of land and sea creatures, according to Ryan and Pitman.


The two scientists described the catastrophe in their book Noah’s Flood, based on 30 years of research that began with coring samples showing the same abrupt transition from lake to sea that Ballard confirmed with his dredge. No one had ever actually seen the old shoreline, however, until Ballard’s team captured sonar images of it in August. Ryan and Pitman also that suggested that the flood may have triggered massive migrations to destinations as diverse as Egypt, western Europe and central Asia, an idea has provoked some academic controversy.


Scholars also question whether any natural disaster could be conclusively identified as the inspiration for the story of Noah’s flood.

“All modern critical Bible scholars regard the tale of Noah as legendary,” said Hershel Shanks, editor of the Biblical Archaeology Review. “There are other flood stories, but if you want to say the Black Sea flood is Noah’s flood, who’s to say no? “

Shanks pointed out that biblical scholars date the writing of the Book of Genesis, from which the story of Noah is taken, at sometime between 2,900 and 2,400 years ago, and a similar event is described in the Mesopotamian Gilgamesh legend, written about 3,600 years ago. But while Ryan and Pitman do not prove that the Black Sea flood directly inspired Gilgamesh or Noah, their theory argues persuasively that the event was probably horrific enough for scribes and minstrels to remember it for thousands of years.


And regardless of the historical context, the science of the Black Sea flood stands undisputed. Ryan and Pitman dated the event at 7,600 years ago, and they fixed the likely depth of the ancient coastline almost exactly where Ballard found it. “It feels good,” Pitman said of Ballard’s findings, analyzed by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in Massachusetts. Pitman noted that the new research took place on the Black Sea’s southern shore near the Turkish port of Synope—far from the northern waters where he and Ryan had worked.


The flood, the underwater coastline and the likelihood that ancient settlements lie on the submerged plain have added a new dimension to an already ambitious project. The region’s main archaeological attraction has always been the Black Sea itself, composed mostly of dense Mediterranean salt water that immediately plunged to the bottom of the freshwater lake when the Bosporus gave way 7,500 years ago.


Ever since, the less dense water on top has acted as a 500-foot-deep lid on a 7,000-foot-deep oxygen-free abyss—a watery wilderness where scientists suspect there may be 7,500 years of shipwrecks preserved in almost pristine condition. The tantalizing prospect of exploring this environment piqued Ballard’s interest several years ago. Beginning with the Titanic in 1985, Ballard has found several historic wrecks in deep water using manned submersibles and robotic vehicles.


The Black Sea project, funded by the National Geographic Society and the University of Pennsylvania, began in 1995, when teams of archaeologists on land and in shallow water began mapping Synope and its environs. Synope is about 200 miles directly south across the Black Sea’s abyssal waters from the Crimea—a natural terminus for an ancient trade route.

Ballard said he intends to use a deep-sea robot next summer to look for a sea lane. “The first thing you find is trash; you didn’t have Adopt-a-Highway then,” he said. And where there is trash, there are sure to be wrecks. “My biggest problem is going to be trees,” he added. If wooden ships can survive in the Black Sea’s depths, then so can trees. The bottom could look like a forest.


These difficulties, Ballard said, are different from those inherent in the search for flood-plain settlements. Many of these were probably buried—and lost forever—when a thick layer of sediment swept into the old lake with the flood waters. And Ballard suspects many others have been destroyed by the trawlers that have been scouring the sea bottom for thousands of years. Still, he said, there are plenty of “relic surfaces” near Synope, where the water simply rose quickly to submerge intact whatever lay below.


Ballard’s sonar sweeps this summer found a gentle coastline “frozen in time,” he said. “In a perfect world you’ll see a fence,” Ballard said, or maybe a stockade or even a house. And there will likely be plenty of artifacts, because “when the flood came, people just had to run.

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