February 28, 2008

from MonkeyBuddha Website








...always seemed equally absurd to me, in the sense that the entire universe supposedly began at a certain 'discernible' point.

I always struggled with what existed before, which had to be... nothing! Then, the question is how everything came from... nothing!


There is really no adequate explanation that our monkey grunts can properly convey.


We can say "God did it" or "There was the singularity" but these are just phrases that help us box up The Unimaginable in a comfortably managed package.


We try to intellectually deal with the infinite nature of the universe... as long as it's confined inside definite, finite parameters!

The human mind, trying to imagine the state of reality before the beginning of the universe, is easily overwhelmed by this incomprehensible and eternal mystery.

I am definitely of the school of Giordano Bruno who accepted that, as far as human perception is concerned, the infinite worlds inhabiting infinite space.


Outside of human perception, however, I am not qualified to speculate - being that I'm only human.

What I find endlessly interesting is the continuing correlation between modern scientific interpretations of the cosmos with ancient metaphysical concepts.


I read this Wired interview with physicist Neil Turok in which he makes the following case:

"...the Big Bang represents just one stage
in an infinitely repeated cycle
of universal expansion and contraction.

Turok theorizes that neither time
nor the universe has a beginning or end."

The further explanation he gave, no matter how scientific, is really just weaving a story around this central concept.


Ultimately, Mr. Turok makes yet another excellent point when he says,

"I feel that the main role for these scenarios of the early universe is to stimulate our thinking. I don't necessarily believe any of them."

Reading these theories about the cyclical nature of reality reminded me of the Hindu idea of the cosmos as going infinite cycle of inward and outward "breaths" that are quite literally the fractal fluctuations of an infinitely complex reality:





Mind-blowing Secrets behind Brahma, Big Bang and Creation of the Universe
by Pallavi Thakur
June 2016

from SpeakingTree Website

recovered through WayBackMachine Website

1. So how did life arrive on Earth?
This question has always troubled me, how exactly did human race come to dwell in a blue ball spinning in completely black space? Were we put here by an architect? Did we evolve from simpler forms of life (as science says)? Could we have migrated here from another planet? Let's explore the diverse theories that are prevalent in Hinduism of those earliest days…


2. The Big Bang theory
One of the theories put forward by cosmologists is the Big Bang theory. This suggests that about 15,000 million years ago there was a massive explosion. This was the point at which all matter in the universe began; space and time began then too. Over time the universe that we know, and human and animal life, emerged. This theory is generally accepted by scientists as being the best theory they have to explain the origins of the universe.


3. Science versus sacred texts
Most of us have read and accepted the verdict of science - that we are the chance result of billions of years of evolution from single-celled creatures, to sea-born creatures, to reptiles, birds, mammals, to apes and finally to man. But the Vedas and Puranas have different stories to tell. Read on to know about a few concepts that converse beyond science…


4. It all started from Lord Vishnu
Vedas say that before the creation of the universe Lord Vishnu is sleeping in the ocean of all causes. His bed is a giant serpent with thousands of cobra like hoods. While Vishnu is asleep, a lotus sprouts of his navel (note that navel is symbolized as the root of creation). Inside this lotus, Brahma resides. Brahma represents the universe which we all live in, and it is this Brahma who creates life forms.


5. The idea of multiverse
Vishnu is the personification of the eternal multiverse that exists forever without any beginning or end. Brahma is the personification of our temporary physical universe that was created in the big bang. Brahma is said to have been created from the navel (which is a single point) of Vishnu, described as a lotus blooming out of the navel, much like our big bang universe.


6. A temporary place to be
Now this universe represented by Brahma is not a permanent universe, it is temporary, Brahma lives for 100 years, says the Vedas, and then dies and then a new universe (Brahma) is born (1 year of Brahma = 3.1104 trillion human years - Wikipedia). So as per Vedas, our universe lives for 100 years. Talking of time measurements - Brahma lives for hundred years say Vedas and we are in the first day of the 51st year of the Brahma.


7. Talking of symbolism
For now, Brahma represents our universe which has birth and death, a big bang and a big crunch, from a navel singularity. Vishnu represents the eternity that lies beyond our universe which has no birth or death and that which is eternal! Many such universes like ours exist in Vishnu. Vedas say that thousands of Brahmas have passed away! In other words, this is not the first time universe has been created.


8. The theory involving Purusha
In the Rig Veda (the first scripture of Hinduism, containing spiritual and scientific knowledge) it says that the universe was created out of the parts of the body of a single cosmic man Purusha when his body was sacrificed. There the four classes (varnas) of Indian society come from his body: the priest (Brahmin) from his mouth, the warrior (Kshatritya) from his arms, the peasant (Vaishya) from his thighs, and the servant (Shudra) from his legs.


9. As per the Chandogya Upanishad
In the Chandogya Upanishad it says that in the beginning was the Brahman, and through heaven, the earth, and the atmosphere and the three seasons of summer, rains, and harvest he produced the entire universe.


10. Where science meets Vedas
Some scientists have suggested that, following the Big Bang, the process of the expansion of the universe will eventually be reversed and at some distant point in the future will start to contract, eventually imploding into a 'Big Crunch'. This could lead to another ‘Big Bang', with a new universe being formed. This somehow relates to the present Brahma years coming to an end.


11. Pralaya or the Big Crunch?
A universe endures for about 4,320,000,000 years (one day of Brahma, the creator or Kalpa) and is then destroyed by fire or water elements. At this point, Brahma rests for one night, just as long as the day. This process, named Pralaya, repeats for 100 Brahma years (311 Trillion, 40 Billion Human Years) that represents Brahma's lifespan. Brahma is regarded as a manifestation of Brahman as the creator.


12. Another theory: Born from OM
The universe is often said to be born from the sacred syllable Om, or from an inert void in which "there was neither being nor non-being... death nor non- death", a single principle from which emerged the diversity of life. From this void desire was born, and from desire came humans, gods and demons.


13. The theory of The Golden Egg
In earlier Vedic thinking, the universe was created by Hiranyagarbha (here interpreted as 'the golden embryo') or by Prajapati who was born from the Hiranyagarbha (here interpreted as 'the golden womb'). Prajapati was later identified with the puranic Brahma. Other gods are credited with acts of creation, primarily the act of propping apart the sky and the Earth - gods who are said to have done this include Indra, Varuna and Vishnu.


14. The theory of zilch
According to some school of thoughts, in Hinduism, the universe had no beginning it was there always. As Sri Krishna said "Never was there a time when I did not exist, nor you, nor all these kings; nor in the future shall any of us cease to be".


15. Once there was a man and the creator
Another version of creation of the universe credits it to pure Self in the form of a man, existing alone without a Creator. It looked around and saw nothing but itself, divided itself into two parts for company and created everything in this universe. That is why it is said that a husband and wife are two halves of a single being. The husband and wife had intercourse; and from their union human beings were born.


16. As per Shaiva Scriptures
As per Shaiva scriptures, at first the ultimate truth "Brahman" was Shiva without any birth or death. Vishnu is formed from the Vaamanga of Shiva or the left body. Shiva is the extreme male power of the universe. From him manifested the extreme female power of the universe Sati. Then the preserver of the universe Vishnu took three forms - MahaVishnu, Garbhodakasayivisnu and Ksirodaksayi vishnu. Maha Visnu have several Garbhodakasayivishnus in the spiritual sky.


17. Then came the Brahma
Each Garbhodakasayivishnu exhales and inhales and with each breath a Brahma is born who lives for 100 Brahma years and dies with the breath of Garbhodakasayi vishnu. Each Brahma creates a universe which comes to an end with partial annihilation after several Brahma years. And this cycle begins again.


18. As per Buddhism
Buddha taught that this world will come to an end, but that in time a new world will evolve again. Certain Karmas will cause souls to again seek life in the body; others will follow and become more and more attached to the body, developing passion, selfishness and other 'evils'. The Buddhist scripture Saddharma Pundarika mentions that there are so many worlds beyond this one that no one "should be able to imagine, weigh, count or determine their number."


19. As per Jainism
The Jains hold that the world, souls and time are uncreated, unbeginning and unending. The world exists through its own being and is divided into heaven, earth and hell


20. In Christianity
Christians and Jews believe in the making of man by God on the sixth day of creation (some 4,000 years ago) out of clay and in His own image, as told in the Book of Genesis. The Muslims believe, similarly, that Allah created Adam, the first man in Paradise, then the first woman, Hawa (Eve). There they lived a perfect life in a perfect universe, far vaster than ours. They were cast to Earth when they committed the first disobedience of God, after a jealous Satan tricked them.

Carl Sagan on Hindu Cosmology:

"It is the only religion in which the time scales correspond, no doubt, by accident, to those of modern scientific cosmology. Its cycles run from our ordinary day and night to a day and night of Brahma 8.64 billion years long.


Longer than the age of the earth or the sun and about half of the time since the big bang. And there are much longer time scales still.

There is the deep and the appealing notion that the universe is but the dream of the god who after a 100 Brahma years... dissolves himself into a dreamless sleep... and the universe dissolves with him... until after another Brahma century... he starts... recomposes himself and begins again the dream... the great cosmic lotus dream."