by Stephen Smith
April 21, 2011
MESSENGER space probe
data reveals Mercury's sodium tail varies in size.
Credit: NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory
and the Carnegie Institution of Washington
Mercury's tail represents another
"unexpected" result when planetary scientists ignore plasma physics.
Electric Universe theory, comet tails are created when
the cometary plasma sheath accumulates enough electrical potential
to discharge, causing it to glow. Irrespective of their individual
composition, comets obey the fundamental behavior of charged objects
within a plasma shell.
Earth's cometary plasma cocoon, otherwise known as the
magnetosphere, changes shape and power as electric currents from the
Sun impinge upon it. Those electric currents are due to the movement
of charged stellar particles streaming out in what conventional
science calls a "solar wind." Earth's magnetospheric tail points
away from the Sun because of the electrical effect of those
As the Moon revolves through the ionized plasma surrounding Earth,
the materials in the lunar regolith gain a negative charge, causing
them to repel each other and drift off the surface.
As was mentioned
a previous report, charge differential between the
day and night sides of the Moon generates an ion “wind” flowing from
the negatively charged night side into the more positively charged
sunlit side. The electric fields between the two hemispheres can
vary by as much as 1000 volts.
recent press release, the planet Mercury is described as
possessing a tail of sodium atoms.
This means that Mercury joins
Earth and other Solar System bodies that exhibit tails. Venus has a
filamentary tail so long that it reaches Earth at times. Neutral
sodium has been seen flowing off the Moon. Jupiter's moon Io
contributes to a cloud of sodium around Jupiter that extends in a
comet-like tail for millions of kilometers.
However, as long ago as 2008, astrophysicists at the
Observatory in Texas measured the tail of sodium from Mercury and
found it to be over four full Moons long. One of the most
interesting aspects about their observations was that the sodium
appears to be coming from two high latitude "hot spots."
MESSENGER spacecraft flybys of Mercury, the hot spots
were found to be where material is being removed from the surface by
"radiation pressure" from the Sun.
However, as Electric Universe advocate
"The most important process
missing... is that of electric discharge machining (EDM) of
The problem of the astrophysics mind set can
be seen in the language used, 'the stream of hot, ionized gas
emitted by the Sun' is better understood by plasma physicists as
an equatorial solar current sheet rather than a hot wind.
Also the exosphere has not existed
for the 'age of Mercury' since Mercury has not been in its
present orbit for as long as astronomers believe. So we can
expect more surprises when MESSENGER goes into orbit about the
planet - as usual."
Since Mercury has no atmosphere and no
magnetic field to shield it from the Sun, terms that have previously
been applied to the Moon might help to explain it.
If lunar phenomena can be explained by
electrical activity, then Mercury's features might also be
illuminated by that electrical hypothesis.
Jupiter's moon Io
also be a useful model to use for Mercury's hot spots.
Io is in close orbit with Jupiter, so intense electromagnetic
radiation bombards its surface, removing approximately one ton per
second in gases and other materials. Io acts like a generator as it
travels through Jupiter’s plasmasphere.
More than four hundred thousand volts at
three million amperes of current flows into the electric environment
of Jupiter from Io.
Perhaps Mercury is experiencing something similar as it rapidly
revolves around our primary. The hot spots could be where dense
plasma foci connect Mercury with the Sun.
Cathode erosion of Mercury might also
provide a reason why its tail seems to be a filamentary structure,
Birkeland currents that have been discussed many
times in these pages.