by Jasper Hamill
14 November 2017

from TheSun Website

Spanish version

Apocalypse by Albert Goodwin

Wikipedia Commons



Technocrats armed with faulty science continue to claim that the sky is falling: overpopulation, global warming, deforestation, extinction of species, etc.


The only possible solution offered is Sustainable Development run by themselves. The petition was produced by the Union of Concerned Scientists in Cambridge, Mass.


The Chair of the UCS Board is Anne R. Kapuscinski who is the Sherman Fairchild Distinguished Professor of Sustainability Science and chair of Environmental Studies Program, Dartmouth College.


MORE than 15,000 scientists from around the world have signed a terrifying letter warning of an imminent apocalypse.

The message is called "World Scientists' Warning to Humanity - A Second Notice" and is an ominous vision of the grim fate awaiting Planet Earth.



The scientists believe

environmental impacts were likely to inflict

'substantial and irreversible harm'

to the Earth

Getty Images


The message updates an original Warning from the Union of Concerned Scientists, which was made in 1992:




World Scientists' Warning to Humanity - 1992
Scientist Statement - World Scientists' Warning to Humanity

from UCSUSA Website

PDF format

Some 1,700 of the world's leading scientists, including the majority of Nobel laureates in the sciences, issued this appeal in November 1992.


The World Scientists' Warning to Humanity was written and spearheaded by the late Henry Kendall, former chair of UCS's board of directors.



Human beings and the natural world are on a collision course. Human activities inflict harsh and often irreversible damage on the environment and on critical resources.


If not checked, many of our current practices put at serious risk the future that we wish for human society and the plant and animal kingdoms, and may so alter the living world that it will be unable to sustain life in the manner that we know.


Fundamental changes are urgent if we are to avoid the collision our present course will bring about.



The Environment

The environment is suffering critical stress:

The Atmosphere
Stratospheric ozone depletion threatens us with enhanced ultraviolet radiation at the earth's surface, which can be damaging or lethal to many life forms.


Air pollution near ground level, and acid precipitation, are already causing widespread injury to humans, forests, and crops.


Water Resources
Heedless exploitation of depletable ground water supplies endangers food production and other essential human systems.


Heavy demands on the world's surface waters have resulted in serious shortages in some 80 countries, containing 40 percent of the world's population.


Pollution of rivers, lakes, and ground water further limits the supply.


Destructive pressure on the oceans is severe, particularly in the coastal regions which produce most of the world's food fish.


The total marine catch is now at or above the estimated maximum sustainable yield. Some fisheries have already shown signs of collapse.


Rivers carrying heavy burdens of eroded soil into the seas also carry industrial, municipal, agricultural, and livestock waste - some of it toxic.


Loss of soil productivity, which is causing extensive land abandonment, is a widespread by-product of current practices in agriculture and animal husbandry.


Since 1945, 11 percent of the earth's vegetated surface has been degraded - an area larger than India and China combined - and per capita food production in many parts of the world is decreasing.


Tropical rain forests, as well as tropical and temperate dry forests, are being destroyed rapidly.


At present rates, some critical forest types will be gone in a few years, and most of the tropical rain forest will be gone before the end of the next century.


With them will go large numbers of plant and animal species.


Living Species
The irreversible loss of species, which by 2100 may reach one-third of all species now living, is especially serious.


We are losing the potential they hold for providing medicinal and other benefits, and the contribution that genetic diversity of life forms gives to the robustness of the world's biological systems and to the astonishing beauty of the earth itself.


Much of this damage is irreversible on a scale of centuries, or permanent.


Other processes appear to pose additional threats. Increasing levels of gases in the atmosphere from human activities, including carbon dioxide released from fossil fuel burning and from deforestation, may alter climate on a global scale.


Predictions of global warming are still uncertain - with projected effects ranging from tolerable to very severe - but the potential risks are very great.

Our massive tampering with the world's interdependent web of life - coupled with the environmental damage inflicted by deforestation, species loss, and climate change - could trigger widespread adverse effects, including unpredictable collapses of critical biological systems whose interactions and dynamics we only imperfectly understand.

Uncertainty over the extent of these effects cannot excuse complacency or delay in facing the threats.



The earth is finite. Its ability to absorb wastes and destructive effluent is finite.


Its ability to provide food and energy is finite. Its ability to provide for growing numbers of people is finite. And we are fast approaching many of the earth's limits.


Current economic practices which damage the environment, in both developed and underdeveloped nations, cannot be continued without the risk that vital global systems will be damaged beyond repair.

Pressures resulting from unrestrained population growth put demands on the natural world that can overwhelm any efforts to achieve a sustainable future. If we are to halt the destruction of our environment, we must accept limits to that growth.


A World Bank estimate indicates that world population will not stabilize at less than 12.4 billion, while the United Nations concludes that the eventual total could reach 14 billion, a near tripling of today's (1992) 5.4 billion.


But, even at this moment, one person in five lives in absolute poverty without enough to eat, and one in ten suffers serious malnutrition.

No more than one or a few decades remain before the chance to avert the threats we now confront will be lost and the prospects for humanity immeasurably diminished.



We the undersigned (below image), senior members of the world's scientific community, hereby warn all humanity of what lies ahead.






A great change in our stewardship of the earth and the life on it is required, if vast human misery is to be avoided and our global home on this planet is not to be irretrievably mutilated.


What We Must Do

Five inextricably linked areas must be addressed simultaneously:

  1. We must bring environmentally damaging activities under control to restore and protect the integrity of the earth's systems we depend on.

  2. We must, for example, move away from fossil fuels to more benign, inexhaustible energy sources to cut greenhouse gas emissions and the pollution of our air and water. Priority must be given to the development of energy sources matched to Third World needs - small-scale and relatively easy to implement.

  3. We must halt deforestation, injury to and loss of agricultural land, and the loss of terrestrial and marine plant and animal species.

  4. We must manage resources crucial to human welfare more effectively. We must give high priority to efficient use of energy, water, and other materials, including expansion of conservation and recycling.


  5. We must stabilize population.

This will be possible only if all nations recognize that it requires improved social and economic conditions, and the adoption of effective, voluntary family planning.

  • We must reduce and eventually eliminate poverty.


  • We must ensure sexual equality, and guarantee women control over their own reproductive decisions.

Developed Nations Must Act Now

The developed nations are the largest polluters in the world today. They must greatly reduce their overconsumption, if we are to reduce pressures on resources and the global environment.


The developed nations have the obligation to provide aid and support to developing nations, because only the developed nations have the financial resources and the technical skills for these tasks.

Acting on this recognition is not altruism, but enlightened self-interest:

whether industrialized or not, we all have but one lifeboat.

No nation can escape from injury when global biological systems are damaged.


No nation can escape from conflicts over increasingly scarce resources. In addition, environmental and economic instabilities will cause mass migrations with incalculable consequences for developed and undeveloped nations alike.


Developing nations must realize that environmental damage is one of the gravest threats they face, and that attempts to blunt it will be overwhelmed if their populations go unchecked.


The greatest peril is to become trapped in spirals of environmental decline, poverty, and unrest, leading to social, economic, and environmental collapse.

Success in this global endeavor will require a great reduction in violence and war.


Resources now devoted to the preparation and conduct of war - amounting to over $1 trillion annually - will be badly needed in the new tasks and should be diverted to the new challenges.

A new ethic is required - a new attitude towards discharging our responsibility for caring for ourselves and for the earth. We must recognize the earth's limited capacity to provide for us.


We must recognize its fragility. We must no longer allow it to be ravaged.


This ethic must motivate a great movement, convincing reluctant leaders and reluctant governments and reluctant peoples themselves to effect the needed changes.

The scientists issuing this warning hope that our message will reach and affect people everywhere.


We need the help of many.

We require the help of the world community of scientists - natural, social, economic, and political.
We require the help of the world's business and industrial leaders.
We require the help of the world's religious leaders.
We require the help of the world's peoples.

We call on all to join us in this task.
We Need Your Support, Make Change Happen.


We can reduce global warming emissions and ensure communities have the resources they need to withstand the effects of climate change - but not without you.


Your generous support helps develop science-based solutions for a healthy, safe, and sustainable future.

Now the global scientific community's view of the future is even bleaker.


Apart from the hole in the ozone layer, which has now been stabilized, every one of the major threats identified in 1992 has worsened. Runaway consumption of precious resources by an exploding population remains the biggest danger facing humankind, say the scientists.


They urge "scientists, media influencers and lay citizens" to put pressure on governments to reverse the trend.

A host of environmental calamities are highlighted in the warning notice, including,

  • catastrophic climate change

  • deforestation

  • mass species extinction

  • ocean "dead zones"

  • lack of access to fresh water

Writing in the online international journal BioScience, the scientists led by top US ecologist Professor William Ripple, from Oregon State University, said:

"Humanity is now being given a second notice...


We are jeopardizing our future by not reining in our intense but geographically and demographically uneven material consumption and by not perceiving continued rapid population growth as a primary driver behind many ecological and even societal threats.

"By failing to adequately limit population growth, reassess the role of an economy rooted in growth, reduce greenhouse gases, incentivize renewable energy, protect habitat, restore ecosystems, curb pollution, halt defaunation, and constrain invasive alien species, humanity is not taking the urgent steps needed to safeguard our imperiled biosphere."



Here are the grim changes which have taken place in the last 25 years:

  • The amount of fresh water available per head of population worldwide has reduced by 26%.


  • The number of ocean "dead zones" - places where little can live because of pollution and oxygen starvation - has increased by 75%.


  • Nearly 300 million acres of forest have been lost, mostly to make way for agricultural land.


  • Global carbon emissions and average temperatures have shown continued significant increases.


  • Human population has risen by 35%.


  • Collectively the number of mammals, reptiles, amphibians, birds and fish in the world has fallen by 29%.

In their original warning, scientists including most of the world's Nobel Laureates argued that human impacts on the natural world were likely to lead to "vast human misery".

The new notice, written as an open-letter "viewpoint" article (World Scientists' Warning to Humanity - A Second Notice), won the support of 15,364 scientists from 184 countries who agreed to offer their names as signatories.

The authors drew on data from government agencies, non-profit organizations and individual researchers to set out their case that environmental impacts were likely to inflict "substantial and irreversible harm" to the Earth.

Professor Ripple said:

"Those who signed this second warning aren't just raising a false alarm. They are acknowledging the obvious signs that we are heading down an unsustainable path.

"We are hoping that our paper will ignite a widespread public debate about the global environment and climate."

Progress had been made in some areas - such as cutting ozone-depleting chemicals, and increasing energy generated from renewable sources - but this was far outweighed by the damaging trends, said the scientists.