by Arysio Nunes dos Santos
Into the West,
unknown to man,
Ships have sailed since the world began,
Follow the ships through the wind-blown wrack,
Follow the ships that come not back...
R. E. Howard
The Sword of Conan
Canaries the Remains of Sunken Atlantis?
Guanches Atlantean Relicts?
and the Secret Route to the Indies
Midas and the Satyr Silenus
The Mirror of
Ethiopias of Homer and Others
Atlantis of the Orient
Atlanteans and the Mysterious Hanebut
and the Elusive Cimmerians
Celts are the Cimmerians of Taprobane (Sumatra)
Not Indeed the North Wind That Blows From The Alps
Pliny, Boreas, and
Apollo and the
Guanches Got to the Canaries
The present article should be read in connection with the one entitled
Language Derived From Dravida?", which also
figures in the present Homepage. Both are an abridged version of a
far vaster work of ours on the Guanche problem.
are the mysterious
natives of the Canary Islands. They were
just about exterminated by the Spaniards when these invaded the
archipelago at the turn of the 15th century.
Tall, blond and
blue-eyed, the Guanches have long intrigued the anthropologists, for
blond natives are rarity. According to the reliable Encyclopaedia
Britannica, the Guanches "are thought to have been of Cro-Magnon
origin... and had a brown complexion, blue or gray eyes, and
blondish hair" (See Fig. 1).
Indeed, the Guanches
are deemed to be related to the Berbers of neighboring Morroco, who
are, likewise, tall, blond and blue-eyed when unmixed with the Arab
majority. Other specialists, however, believe that the Guanches are
related to the Celts of Western Europe, the early realm of these
No matter what, the Guanches represent a unique opportunity
of studying the early peoples of this region so intimately connected with Atlantis and the Garden
of the Hesperides.
Isolated in their islands, the Guanches were prevented, until the
advent of the Spanish, from sexually mingling with other races. So,
they preserved their pristine Cro-Magnon genetic traits in a more or
less pure fashion until that date.
But, as we said, the Guanches
were massacred by the Spaniards, and their remainder mingled heavily
with the invaders, so that they essentially inexist today. But the
blond, blue-eyed, tall stock has been preserved in part, and can
still be seen in many individuals. As is known, blond traits are
dominated by dark ones, and tend to disappear from the population.
But they survive unseen, and may return in certain individuals
called "recessives", who combine the proper genes.
Furthermore, the Guanches mummified their dead, and this material can
be studied by the researchers, particularly concerning traits such
as blood type and racial characteristics. This strange mode of
disposing of the dead - which the Guanches shared
with the Polynesians, the
Egyptians and the Mayas - has been
mooted out by several authorities as indicating a close affinity
among these distant nations. The Guanches also left some sort of
alphabetic inscriptions which have yet to be studied, along with
their pottery and peculiar ruins. All in all, the archaeology of
this most remarkable people is far from satisfactorily researched.
Many researchers have pointed out the resemblance of the Guanche
natives with the Cro-Magnons and, particularly, with Cro-Magnoid
types of regions such as those of Muges (Portugal)
dating from the Mesolithic (circa 8,000 BC).
Similar groups have
been noted and studied Portugal, Spain, France, England, Sweden and
Northwest Africa, precisely the realm of the Celto-Germanic and the
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Are the Canaries the Remains of Sunken Atlantis?
Many Atlantologists have proposed that the Canary Islands are the
remainder of a sunken Atlantis, being the lofty volcanic peaks left
behind when the lost continent foundered.
However, the Canary
islands rise directly from the deep ocean floor, from a depth of
some 3,000 meters below the surface. Indeed, they are a part of the
Mid-Atlantic Ridge, having been formed by submarine volcanoes at the
end of the Tertiary Age (circa 2.5 million years ago).Their lavas
consist of basalts and trachytes, the typical material of submarine,
non-explosive volcanism typical of seabottoms.
Due to both their age and their origin, the Canarian volcanoes can
hardly be invoked to account for the conflagration that wiped
Atlantis off the map. Instead, this type of basaltic, submarine
volcanism is nowadays perfectly well understood geologically
speaking. Such volcanoes result from the upwelling magma that forms
the Continental Plates, according to the theory of Plate Tectonics,
and are a feature of all oceanic regions of the world.
claims made by certain Atlantologists such as P. Termier,
I. Donnelly, C. Berlitz and many others that the Canaries
or the Azores, or the Madeiras are the remains of sunken Atlantis do
not hold water at all.
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Are the Guanches Atlantean Relicts?
As we said above, though we can be certain that the Canaries, along
with the other neighboring Atlantic islands, are not the residues of
a sunken continent that foundered in the region, we have yet to
explain the mysterious origin of the Guanches.
However, where smoke
is, there is usually fire, and we cannot simply ignore the recurrent
legends that link this people to Atlantis.
But if they are not Atlanteans left behind when their continent sunk,
the only possible explanation for the mysterious origin of the
Guanches is that they primordially came from somewhere else. But,
whence? Certainly not from neighboring Africa, the realm of the
Black Man. No serious anthropologist has ever maintained that
the blond Aryans originated in Africa itself. The standing proposals
for the origin of the Berbers and, possibly, the Guanches
themselves, are that they came from Arabia, after crossing the
But, to start with, no one is sure that the Arabs or, even less, the
Aryans, originated in Arabia or Palestine, and their own
ethiological legends affirm that they came from beyond the Indian
Ocean. Moreover, the Sahara desert poses a formidable barrier ever
since the end of the Pleistocene, and it is highly unlikely that it
could be crossed by hordes of migrants, unstocked with the food and
water required for the task.
The Guanches were held in perfect isolation from Europe and other Old
World civilizations until they were discovered by the Portuguese and
Spanish at the end of the 15th century.
This separation dates from
prehistoric times that far predate the ones of Plato and
Herodotus, and even those of Homer and Hesiod. So,
if Guanche legends indeed relate to Atlantis and its doom, we can be
certain that the golden realm was no idle invention of Plato or
other Greeks, but originated in a very ancient tradition, dating
from the dawn of mankind. This is precisely what we aim to prove in
the present work on the origin of the Guanches.
We start by reviewing the ancient traditions linking the Canaries to
the Garden of the Hesperides and the Islands of the Blest, and
progress into the modern proposals purporting to show that the
Canaries and the other neighboring islands are the remains of sunken
Atlantis. Finally, we attempt showing their rather direct
relationship between the Canaries, Atlantis and the Garden of
Eden, the legendary site of the origin of Mankind.
If our conclusions indeed prove to be right and survive the wellcome
attack of the critics, the whole of human prehistory will have to
undergo a major revision. Hence, the importance of inquiring on the
origin of the Guanches and their possible connection with Atlantis.
The mysterious Guanches provide the key to the riddles that surround
the origin of Mankind, and are the "missing link"
connecting the Mediterranean and other neighboring civilizations to
the Far Orient and the Indies, the true site of the Garden of
This garden, also known as that of Eden, is the
place where Mankind and Civilization indeed developed, according to
the holy traditions of many nations, and not only that of the Bible.
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Evening Isles Fantastical
Classical writers often mention legendary islands in the Atlantic
Ocean in a way that closely evokes the legends of Atlantis.
mentions islands like Phaeacia, Scheria and Ogygia. The Argonautica,
deemed to be prior to Homer's Odyssey, also speaks of
legendary oceanic islands such as Aiaia, Thrinacia and Colchis. More
than just delightful novels, these ancient sagas were indeed
Sacred History, and were believed to derive from actual
The Greco-Roman traditions concerning the fabulous oceanic
islands and their golden realms apparently derive from the far
earlier ones such as the Epic of Gilgamesh of the Sumero-Babylonians
or the Ramayana and the Mahabharata of the Hindus.
Many other classical authors also mention such fantastic islands of
the ocean. This ocean the Greeks, ignorant of the other oceans, very
naturally identified with what we nowadays call by the name of
Atlantic Ocean, that is, "the Ocean of the Atlanteans". But when we
read the ancient traditions closer, we notice that the fabulous
islands of the Atlanteans were always placed "at the confines of the
Moreover, the ocean in question is invariably described as "winy red"
and is placed towards dawn and Orient. In other words, the ocean in
question is the Indian Ocean, which the ancients called Erythraean,
that is, "Red One".
And Atlantis is the same as the Ultima Thule of
the ancients, this being the name they gave to the "confines of the
earth" which lay towards the Orient, in the Eastern limits of their
world, and where they also placed the Pillars of Atlas, the twin and
counterpart of the western Pillars of Hercules, in Gibraltar.
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The Phoenicians and the Secret Route to the Indies
The traditions concerning the legendary Atlantic Islands (or, rather,
"Islands of the Atlanteans") were probably transferred from the
Orient to the Occident by the ancient navigants and explorers such
as the Phoenicians, the Minoan Cretans and the Etruscans.
had some knowledge of the ancient peripluses of the Phoenicians, the
detailed accounts of the naval routes to such mysterious islands so
often equated to the ones of Paradise and Atlantis.
In the desire to preserve the lucrative monopoly of their maritime
trade with the Indies, the Phoenicians and their partners disguised
their verbal maps under a veil of confusion intended to avert the
possible competitors towards the wrong places and directions. It
suffices to read such accounts, preserved in the writings of authors
such as Avienus, Hanno, and Pytheas of Marseilles
to observe the inextricable confusions that becloud the real
distances, names and directions.
The same thing happens with the writers that speak of the Atlantic
Islands in mythical terms. The accounts of authorities such as
Herodotus, Plato, Diodorus, Theopompos and
many others are no different from the accounts of the Odyssey and
the Argonautica. They are full of allegories, metaphors, paradoxes
and even downright lies that have led the experts to despair from
ever making any sense out of them.
Such relates tell of seas riddled with clashing rocks, seamonsters and
thorny sargassoes that dragged down the ships they caught, or in
giant maelstroms and muddy shoals and doldrums that prevented the
mariners from ever escaping death. They also tell of one-eyed giants
and microscopic dwarfs, of strap-footed Titans and goat-footed
satyrs, of terrible cannibals and of sorceress of all kinds.
some of these accounts were far more realistic and matter-of fact,
and plainly alluded to real islands such as the Canaries and the Madeiras and, far more likely, to the Indonesian islands or even the
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Midas and the Satyr Silenus
The ancients believed, as did Plato and Herodotus along
with the Greek geographers that a circular ocean - the one they
called "Outer Ocean" or "Atlantic Ocean", and which included what we
now call the Atlantic and the Indian Oceans - surrounded the world
then known, which consisted of Eurasia and Africa.
Theopompos, a contemporary of Plato, relates a conversation
between the legendary King Midas of Phrygia and the
very wise satyr Silenus.
The satyr, entrapped and rendered drunk by Midas, told
him of an Outer Continent (the Americas?) that outlay the ocean and
which was inhabited by a people twice the size and twice as
long-lived as the ordinary mortals. One part of their continent was
permanently enwrapped by a red mist and was drained by two rivers,
the River of Pleasure and the River of Grief. Once, these giants
crossed the ocean intending to conquer the ancient world. But once
they saw the misery of our world, they realized that it was useless
to pursue their plan, and retired to their world in disgust.
The story of Theopompos is extremely interesting, for it
embodies the essential elements of the myth of Atlantis.
To start with, the attempted invasion of the giants closely evokes
the similar one undertaken by Plato's Atlanteans. Plato too
alludes to the Outer Continent, the Epeira Ges that delimited the
Ocean on all sides, and which can only be the Americas.
The Atlantean empire was indeed worldwide, and certainly encompassed the
Americas, whose name comes not from a hypothetical Amerigo Vespucci,
but far more probably relates to that of the Celtic Armorica.
In the version of Theopompos, the Atlanteans are confusedly
equated with the Long-lived Ethiopians of Homer, Herodotus and
others. The Long-lived Ethiopians, often described as tall, blond,
blue-eyed giants of twice normal size, are a recurrent feature of
the ancient Greek legends. More realistic historians such as
Pliny and Solinus
correctly place these blessed giants in the islands of Taprobane, that
is, in the Indonesian islands.
But others, perhaps
ignoring the true meaning of the antique traditions, place the
Islands of the Blest and their beautiful, saintly giants, in the
Canaries and the Madeiras where we also encounter them in reality.
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The Mirror of Illusion (Maya)
As we shall see further below, these ancient "confusions" were
planned, and the blue-eyed "Ethiopians" of the Canaries and
Mauritania were planted there as a virtual replica or "mirror image"
of the real ones, the fortunate Ethiopians of Trapobane.
metaphor of the "mirror image" of Atlantis created by the Ethiopians
of the Canary Islands and of the Berber coast of Mauritania is not
ours, but figures in many ancient symbols and traditions. This
tradition concerns the Mirror of Illusion, the characteristic
attribute of deceptive goddesses such as the Indian May‚
("Illusion") and the Greco-Roman Venus.
The motif of the Mirror of Illusion occurs even in the Americas and,
particularly among the Gnostics such as the Cathars and others. The
Phoenicians indeed held that the Pillars of Hercules of Gibraltar
were a "mirror image" of those located in the Orient, as some of
their coins specifically illustrate.
Maya (the male avatar of the May‚) is the Great
Architect, the luciferine deity of the Gnostics and the enlightened
civilizer of humanity.
Maya (masculine of May‚)
is also the builder of legendary Lanka, the city and capital of the
worldwide empire that was the actual archetype of Atlantis. In
Fig. 2, we show two Phoenician coins illustrating the true
Pillars of Hercules in the Far East, and their illusory reflection
As we shall see further
below, Maya, the Supreme Smith of the Hindus, had his Guanche
counterpart in Guayota, the Supreme God of the Guanches, and in Lug,
their Celtic counterpart.
Such coincidences can hardly be random. So, the only possible
explanation lies in diffusion through direct contact among the
civilizations in question, that is, those of the Guanches, the Celts
and the Indonesian Aryans, known to the ancients as the Pious
Ethiopians of Taprobane.
The Pillars of Hercules of Gibraltar and the Garden of the Hesperides
of the Canaries in the Atlantic Ocean are an illusion or mirage, a
mirror image of the true Islands of the Blest, in Indonesia. The
Atlantic Atlantis, variously placed in the Canaries, the Azores,
Tartessos (Spain), Mauritania (Morocco), or Crete is a sheer
illusion created by the clever ancients in order to distract and to
disillusion the inquisitive profanes of ever finding the Lost
Continent and the true site of Paradise.
So are the ones of the Syrtis (Libya), the Bosphorus, the Armorican coasts of Brittany, the
Irish Isles, and so on.
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The Ancient Conspiracy
The reader may wonder what proof do we have to substantiate our of a
conspiracy of the ancients to hide the whereabouts of Atlantis-Eden?
The ancients well knew the true site of Eden or, more exactly, of
the ancestral Paradise whence we all came from, and which was the
site where Mankind and Civilization first started. And they also
knew that this paradisial region was destroyed by the Flood at
precisely the date given by Plato, that of 11,600 years ago.
But they could not tell its true location, for this was the matter of
the secret of the ancient Mysteries, and this divulgation was
considered a grievous crime of profanation, often punished with
death, as in the case of Socrates and, possibly of Plato
himself. So, the true location of Paradise was only dealt in a sort
of coded language based on allegories, riddles and puns that were
intelligible only to the initiated in those secrets.
Well, the evidence we gave above is just a small sample of several
hundreds of compelling evidences like the ones we present below and
elsewhere. Our strongest evidences for Atlantis and its true
location in the Far East are both geological and anthropological.
They include racial characteristics, blood types, myths, traditions,
customs, techniques, artistic motifs and, above all, the linguistic,
cultural and religious affinities.
The last two are just about the
strongest and most unequivocal of all links between different
nations derived from a single stock.
In an article
parallel to this one we
philological comparison of the Guanche language to Dravida,
the sacred, pristine language of the Dravidian populations of India.
As can be seen in that article, the two languages, though isolated
from each other by untold millennia, are remarkably similar both in
phonetics and in grammar.
No serious linguist will idly dismiss the
cogent parallels we present there, particularly as the linguistic
affiliation of the Guanche tongue is an unsolved riddle so far.
For reasons of space and scope, these two articles are kept concise
But even then, we believe that the evidence
presented is compelling enough to convince all that take the trouble
to follow them in detail. Moreover, as we just said, there are
simply no viable alternative theories that explain the riddle of Guanche origins in a satisfactory way. In our view
- which we argue
in detail here and elsewhere - this people formerly lived in
Indonesia or, more exactly, in the now sunken portion of it which
now forms the South China Sea.
When their land sunk away, at the end
of the Pleistocene Ice Age, they were forced out by the cataclysm,
and moved to the Canaries, possibly in the wake of other seafaring
nations such as the proto-Phoenicians and proto-Cretans.
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The Twin Ethiopias of Homer and Others
From earliest times - as instanced in Homer, Hesiod,
Herodotus and elsewhere - the Greeks spoke of two Ethiopias
placed at the two opposite ends of the world.
One corresponded to
the region near Gibraltar we are presently discussing, and the other
one was located beyond the Ocean (Indian), in Taprobane
(Indonesia). The idea of "burnt faces" (aethi-opes)
connected with the Ethiopia is not indeed an allusion to the dark
coloration of this people, but to the fact that they were expelled
from their homeland as the result of the fiery cataclysm that sunk
This catastrophe was indeed caused by the giant
volcanic conflagration of Mt. Atlas, which mythically "charred"
their physiognomies. In reality, this darkening was the result of
the admixture with the darker neighboring nations of Indonesia,
precisely as reported by Plato and others.
Emigrating from the charred remains of their sunken continent - the
formerly paradisial Land of the Dead that would later become the
Islands of the Blest - the Canarians (and other Atlantean nations as
well) moved to the opposite side of the world, where they would
attempt to rebuild their lost Paradise. Hence, the twin Ethiopias of Homer and others, and the duplicity of Pillars of Hercules, of
Mt. Atlases, of Gardens of Hesperia, and so on.
Even the Ocean that encircled the earth with its ring was likewise
parted into two complementary moieties ascribed to the omnipresent
More exactly, it was parted into two parts, one which we
now call Atlantic Ocean, as did the ancients, and an eastern half
that had its name changed from Atlantic Ocean into Indian (or Erythraean) Ocean. This name, which means "red" in Greek, is the
mystic name of the Atlantean peoples such as the Phoenicians, the
Egyptians, and even the Guanches themselves.
Indeed, the "Reds" are
the Chams or Chamites of the Bible, a name not unconnected with the
red races just mentioned and with that of the Guanches as well.
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The Atlantis of the Orient
Many authoritative writers of antiquity place Mt. Atlas and the
Atlanteans, along with the Garden of the Hesperides in the Far
Occident, in the region of Mauritania and the Canaries.
lesser authorities than Hesiod and Eurypides, among
many others, place Atlas and his Pillar of Heaven in the Far Orient,
at the extremities of the world and of the day, where we also find
the other legendary islands associated with Atlantis and its
The Hesperides (or Atlantides) were the
seven daughters and lovers of Atlas. Atlas, the Pillar of Heaven,
was the personification of Mt. Atlas, just as his seven beloved
daughters were the ones of the Seven Atlantic Islands that figure in
many traditions, and which are no other than the ones of Indonesia.
It is only natural that the giant would want to place his girls
right next to the place where he stayed up the heavens, for carnal
reasons, if not prompted by fatherly love. Hence, the Garden of the Hesperides of the Far Occident in an illusion not unlike the "Mt.
Atlas" of Mauritania or its Canarian replica, the Teyde (or Teide)
The Mt. Atlas of Mauritania, the one we know under that name, is not
indeed a volcano, and, hence, cannot at all explain the traditions
concerning the conflagrative destruction of Atlantis and the fall of
the former heaven when its Holy Mountain collapsed.
If Mt. Atlas
indeed collapsed - as volcanoes are wont to do after gigantic
explosions - and if Atlantis sunk along with its environing lands,
how are we to expect to find its mountain unscathed, as is the case
of Mt. Teyde in the Canaries, and of Mt. Atlas, its Mauritanian
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Theopompos' Atlanteans and the Mysterious Hanebut
It is time to return to Theopompos and his cryptic Atlanteans.
The "red mist" that beclouded the Meropean continent is another
traditional feature that we systematically encounter in the legends
concerning such mysterious regions. Ultimately, the dark "mist" is
the smoke cloud that resulted from the volcanic cataclysm that
destroyed Atlantis and which, indeed, blocked away sunlight,
obscuring the entire region for a large time.
This darkening of the sun is a sad reality, well known to the
inhabitants of the region of Indonesia, volcanically the most active
in the whole world. In Hindu myths, the city associated with the
cataclysmic explosion and the smoke cover is called Dhumadi. This
name means "Covered by Smoke", in Sanskrit. This etym (or etymon or
etymology) closely recalls the legend of Sodom and Gomorra, likewise
covered by a pillar of smoke "that rose up to the very skies".
Indeed, Dhumadi was the archetype of Atlantis and, as we explain
elsewhere, of Sodom and Gomorra and other such cities destroyed by a
volcanic conflagration. In Egypt we encounter the same tradition
under the name of the mysterious Hanebut. The name means, in
Egyptian, "the Dwellers of the Misty Regions".
The Hanebut were a real people, and their region was frequently
visited by the Egyptians, who traded with them across the ocean. As
the Egyptians only sailed the Indian Ocean, it is clear that the
region in question lay beyond that ocean, in the region of
Indonesia. It was there that the mysterious country of the nebulous
Cimmerians was located, as well as the Pillars of Hercules and, more
exactly, those of Atlas as well. Plato places Atlantis just
in front of the Pillars of Hercules.
So do many other ancient
authors, disguising its true identity under names such as Cimmeria,
Hades, Taprobane, Cassia, Punt and Hanebut.
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The Celts and the Elusive Cimmerians
In Homer and others, such peoples that lived in perpetual,
smoky darkness, were called Cimmerians.
The Cimmerians or their
equivalents are a recurrent feature of all traditions. The Germans
and the Celts also spoke of such a misty region, which they called
by the name of Nefelheim, "the Abode of Mist".
The Nephilim - the fallen Titans or Giants of the
Bible, whose sin with the Daughters of Men led to the cataclysm of
the Flood - in all probability derive their name from a radix neph
meaning "nebula", "mist", as in the Greek nephele, the German nefel,
the Sanskrit nabha, the Dravida nep, etc. Even in Egyptian we
encounter the radix in the name of the Hanebut (or Hau-nebhu-t).
Homer (Od. X:508; XI:14) tells how the Cimmerians lived
"enshrouded in mist and perpetual darkness which the sun never
pierces". He places their region in Hades, beyond the Ocean, next to
Erebus is the very entrance to Hell, the terrible
chasm left behind when Mt. Atlas foundered underseas, becoming a giant
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The Celts are the Cimmerians of Taprobane (Sumatra)
The Cimmerians are deemed to be the ancestors of the Celts and the
Scythians, two other races of blond, blue-eyed, gigantic Ethiopians.
They are identified with the Cymry or Cimbri, a Germanic tribe which
invaded Rome and almost defeated the empire at about 100 BC. The
Cimmerians were deemed to have come from the Palus Maeotis, a
legendary region often connected with the sinking of Atlantis
(palus = "marshes", in Latin).
One of the triads of the Celtic Mabinogion tells how:
"Hu Gadarn originally came with the tribe of the Cymry to the
Britannic Isles. They came from the Country of Summer, which is
called Defrobani... They crossed the Misty Ocean (Tawch) and arrived
in the Britannic Isles and Armorica, where they settled."
Here is direct evidence that the Cimmerian Celts (Cymry) indeed came
from Taprobane (Sumatra), here misspelt as Defrobani.
Country of Summer (Gwlad or Haf) can only be situated at the Equator
and can hardly be identified with the Hyperborean regions of the Far
North, where this people also settled after fleeing their destroyed
homeland. Hu Gadarn is the Celtic equivalent of Noah and of Aeneas,
leading his people away from their destroyed Paradise, into the
Indeed, the Hyperborea whence the Celto-Iberians originally came is
the realm of Apollo (the Sun), "the land beyond the Boreas". And the
mythical Land of the Sun can hardly be believed to lie in the Arctic
or, even less, in the Antarctic regions, as some authors will.
Actually, the Hyperboreans were held to live in the mysterious Thule,
the divide of the world that lay beyond the ocean. And the word
Ocean meant, for the ancients, the Indian Ocean, and never the
Atlantic, which they never sailed. Thule is the same as the island
of Long-Lived Ethiopians.
And these Ethiopians are indeed the
Hyperboreans, both legendary races being identical in being
composed of tall, blond, blue-eyed Ethiopians. Both lived in the far
off region of Taprobane (Indonesia), a place, the above authorities
add, "which lies beyond the Aquilon".
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Boreas Is Not Indeed the North Wind That Blows From The Alps
Boreas is not indeed the North Wind that blows from the Alps into
Mediterranean Europe, but a figuration of the monsoon winds that
blow in the northern regions of Indonesia.
The name of Boreas given
to the North Wind that blows in the chilly regions beyond the Alps
is a replica, a "mirror image" of the true Indonesian archetype. The
Hindus worship Boreas, the North Wind, under the name of Varaha (or
Vayu), from whose name that of Boreas ultimately derives.
So, the mythical Hyperboreans, the mysterious "peoples that live
beyond the Boreal winds" are not those who lived in the Alps, above
Europe, but the ones who lived beyond the monsoon winds that blow in
the northern coasts of Indonesia and nearby regions. This fact is
attested by too many ancient authorities to be dismissed easily,
except by solid contrary evidence
The reality of the North European Hyperboreans could never be
established in realistic bases, and their postulation has only led
to paradoxes and difficulties. But when we accept the assertions of
Pliny, Solinus and other authorities such as the ones we
have been quoting, everything starts to make sense.
could Apollo, the Sun god, make his abode in the gelid Alps, instead
of the equatorial Indonesia, the true Island of the Sun of the
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Pliny, Boreas, and the Hyperboreans
Now, the Aquilon is the Latin name of the North Wind, the very same
one that the Greeks called by the name of Boreas. Here, it is
identified with the monsoon winds of the East Indies.
Hence, we see
that the true location of Hyperborea or Thule was the island of
Taprobane, the true abode of the blest, long-lived Ethiopians.
passage of Pliny (Hist. Nat. 4:26) on the Hyperboreans is
"Beyond the Aquilon one
finds a blessed nation called, according to tradition, the
Hypeboreans. Among them, men reach an extreme age. Many marvels are
told of this people. Some say that the hinges of the world and the
limit of the course of the stars lie in their region... The country
is bathed in sunlight and enjoys a pleasant temperature..."
"Discord is there ignored, and so is disease. People there do not die
but from the satiety of living. After a festive banquet, full of the
joys of old age, the one who wants to die jumps into the seas from a
lofty rock. Such is for them the happiest way to die. One cannot
doubt the reality of this country, described by many authorities."
Pliny, in the above
passage, also adds that Hyperborea was the realm of Apollo and that
the Hyperboreans sent, from the island of Delos, the first-fruits of
their crops to Greece, to be dedicated to the Sun God.
descriptions of Hyperborea in the many authors mentioned by Pliny are indeed those of a tropical Paradise not unlike the
Garden of Eden and the Islands of the Blest. When one pauses to
ponder, there is only one place in the world that fits the
description of Atlantis, of Eden, Aztlan, Atala, and of other such
Paradises turned Hell. That place can only be the Indies, as can be
surmised from the dozens of traditional accounts.
A posteriori, this
conclusion of ours is so obvious it hurts.
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Apollo and the Hyperboreans
It is interesting to note that Plato, in his detailed description of
Atlantis, makes an obscure reference to the lofty rocks from which
the Blest Ethiopians used to throw themselves into the waves, in an
imitation of the primordial deed of Atlas and Hesperus, who also
fell from such a lofty cliff.
Actually, these cliffs were the
legendary Leucades, whose name is a reference to their being covered
by the white bones of the dead who went by throwing themselves from
Pliny's Hyperborea also evokes the description of the island of
Emain Abalach (Avalon) in Celtic poems. There:
Treason is there unknown
and so is sadness.
There no pain, no regret, no death, no grief,
No disease, no weakness, ever afflict anyone.
For such is the fortune of Emain.
Another a similar Celtic
What a wonderful country
is this one!
There the young never grow old at all!
What is to be retained
from the above discussion is the fact that Avalon, Hyperborea,
Thule, Taprobane, Eden, Paradise, Emain Abalach, the Garden of the
Golden Apples, the Garden of Idun and so on are all one and the same
Their connection with the "first fruits" is an allegoric
reference to the fact that Atlantis was indeed the very first site
of human civilization, the same as the legendary Paradise or Garden
These pleasant, luxurious gardens all lay at the extremity of the
world which, from the Celtic perspective in Brittany, could only be
the antipodal Indonesia, located on the side of the world opposite
to their own misty islands. This Paradise was destroyed by a
cataclysm, and they were forced to leave it, emigrating to the far
Occident, under the leadership of Hu Gadarn, the
Celtic Noah, the Judeo-Christian hero of the Flood.
The sinking of this realm is told in the legend of the Flooding of Ys,
another central tradition of Celtic mythology. And their sunken
Paradise became the Land of the Dead, the "Tomb of Glass"
(Glastonbury) or "Island of Glass" (Ynis Wydr) that we encounter so
often in their Celtic legends.
This dismal Hades is the same as the Cimmeria of the Greeks, the Hanebut of the Egyptians, the Sheol of
the Jews and the Nefelheim of the Germanic Nations.
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How the Guanches Got to the Canaries
Many writers who investigated the problem of the Guanches were
puzzled by the fact that the natives of the Canaries detested the
sea, and never sailed it at all.
So, it is pertinent to ask, after
them, how did the Guanches get to the isolated Canaries in the first
place? The answer seems to be rather simple, after all. They were
brought as passengers in the ships of seafaring peoples such as
the Phoenicians, the Etruscans, the Minoan Cretans, and so
forth. Indeed, the ancient records are full of references to the
"ships of Tarshish" being used by passengers and migrants of several
When the White Ethiopians who survived the Atlantean cataclysm
emigrated to the distant Occident in their ships - under the
guidance of admirals like Aeneas, Hercules, Phoroneos, and Hu Gadarn
and, perhaps, Noah, Canopus and Jason - they settled in colonies
along the way, on every coast and every island that looked
The legends are certainly founded in actual fact, and
these fleets of ocean worth vessels are the ones allegorized as the
Ark of Noah in the Bible or as the Argonavis in Greek legends.
It was thus that Mauritania was settled by the Berbers, Lebanon by the
Phoenicians, Crete by the Minoans, Italy by the Etruscans, the
British Islands and Brittany by the Celts and, of course, the
Canaries by the Guanches.
Many of these emigrants were, as is
usually the case, mere passengers who never knew how to sail or,
even less, how to design and build sea-worthy ships strong enough to
sail the open, rough ocean, a feat very hard to accomplish in
antiquity. Such huge sailships - the "ships of Tarshish" of Biblical
traditions - are attested from remotest antiquity, for instance in
the Gerzean ceramics of pre-Dynastic Egypt, which date from about
5,500 BP or so.
In this way, the Guanches were stranded on the Canaries,
and the enigma which has defied solution for millennia is naturally
explained. The ancient peripluses like those of Hanno and Himilco
relate similar expeditions and even the establishment of such
Such is also the meaning of myths like the one of
Aeneas and his fleet fleeing from the destroyed, sunken Troy or,
also, of the Biblical relate of Noah and his clan repeopling the
Islands of the Nations, and founding the different nations of
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Many authorities refute the usual derivation of the name of America - originally applied to Brazil and South America
- from the name of
Alberigo Vespucci, whose name was later altered into that of Amerigo
in order to comply with the fanciful etymology. Alberigo was an
obscure scribe, and would hardly deserve the honor. The name of
Armorica was that of the Brittany in Roman times. It is usually
derived from the Celtic ar-mor meaning "over the seas". Many legends
connect Armorica with the sunken realm of Ys, the Celtic counterpart
More likely, the true origin of Armorica's name is from the Dravida
ar-mor-ika, meaning "remains of the land sunken under the seas". The
name of America, which the Conquistadores learnt from the American
natives, likewise seems to come from the Dravida am-mor-ika, meaning
just about the same or, more literally, "remains of the marshy land
sunken under the seas". Interestingly enough, these meanings are
rather close to that of the epeira ges (or "outlying land") of Plato
and others, and which embodies the idea of a mountainous fringe left
behind when the flatter land sunk away. This name, as applied to the
Americas, was an extension of that of Indonesia, whose actual
situation indeed corresponds to actual fact.
2.- The "Reds" are one of the
Hindu four castes, Brahmans (or priests), Kshatryas (or warriors),
Vaishyas (or bourgeois) and Sudras (or serfs). These also correspond
to the four primordial races of humanity, personified in the Bible
by Noah and his three sons. In modern terms, these also correspond
to the real four races of humanity: whites, reds, yellows and
blacks, which are precisely the heraldic colours of the four castes
(varnas = "colours").
The name of the Phoenicians derives from "red" (phoinikes) in Greek.
The radix cham is of obscure origin, and is said to mean "black", as
usually interpreted in connection with the Egyptians, who called
their country Khamis or Khemis. But this is wrong, and the true etym
is "red" or, rather, "candent", as in the Latin chama ("flame"). In
contrast to what many authorities affirm, the land of Egypt is
whitish, rather than black, due to the sand it embodies even in the
irrigated regions. The idea is that the Chams, formerly white as the
Guanches, were "charred" by the volcanism that destroyed their land,
and became the Ethiopians, that is "the fiery faced" (aith-opes).
But, as we already said, this darkening of the originally blond
Atlanteans was the result of "too much admixture with mortal blood",
as Plato discloses in his Critias.
Ultimately, the radix cham or, rather, kham or khem, derives from the
Dravida, where it means "red", "fiery", "flaming", "gold". It
designated the red races which formed the bellicose Kshatrya caste,
and which was mainly composed of the Dravidian races. The name was
also applied to the wild red dog of the Indies (Cuon alpinus), with
which the Reds identified themselves. Hence, the fact that the
Chamites were often equated to "dogs". The name was applied to the
Canaries ("Isles of the Dogs") because of the Chams, rather than the
dogs, as Pliny falsely alleges. Same thing with Khemis (Egypt), "the
Land of the Chams". The very name of the Guanches derives from
Guan-che or, rather, Kham-che, meaning the nation (che or ge) of the
Chams". The reader interested in more details on this should consult
our article on the Dravidian origin of the Guanche language.
The name of the Leucades derives from the Greek leukas, the feminine
form of leukos ("white", "shiny"). Legendarily, their name is
ascribed to Leukates, a boy who, desired by Apollo, threw himself
from the cliff in order to escape the relentless persecution of the
god. Sometimes, the cliff is directly associated with Apollo
Leukadios, who had a temple at its summit. The Leucadian Rocks
became famous as the place from which non-corresponded lovers or
those wishing purification committed suicide, a ritual known as
katapontismos. Leukates is the obvious twin of Apollo, the two being
the aliases of Atlas and Hesperus, who also found a similar death.
The Leucades were also obscurely identified with the Elysian Fields,
the Greek counterpart of Eden or Paradise and, more exactly, of the
Islands of the Blest which are no other than Atlantis. It is
interesting to note that the name relates to the radix luk- meaning
"fiery","shiny","white", and which partakes of the name of Lucifer,
Lug and other such luminous, fallen deities.
All such gods are invariably connected with Atlantis, and are said to
inhabit volcanic peaks, which indeed deserve the name of "luminous".
Such is the case of the Teyde volcano of Tenerife, whose name means
"The Luminous One". Coincidentally or not, the fact is that the
Teyde volcano is the legendary abode of Guayota, the luminous
All-Creator of the Guanches. Guayota is the perfect counterpart of
the above mentioned luminiferous gods, as well as of other
chthonian, smithing gods such as Hephaistos and Maya, the great
architect of Lanka. Lanka was the archetype of Atlantis, in Hindu
traditions, and of all such fallen Paradises, including the