by Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr.
From the Editor
The offprint you are holding in your hands comes from an expanded issue of
the weekly Executive Intelligence Review, which rushed this special report
on "The Coming Fall of the House of Windsor," into print on an unusually
short timetable to be published for a cover-date of Oct. 28, 1994.
What you are about to read is the result of a team effort of EIR's
internationally and nationally based intelligence staff under the direction
of Founding Editor Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr. The team of researchers on three
continents who assisted in preparing material for the articles, charts, and
maps in this Special Report includes: JosephBrewda, Mark Burdman, Carlos
CotaMeza, Linda de Hoyos, Allen Douglas, William Engdahl, Manuel Hidalgo,
Ken Kronberg, Hugo Lopez Ochoa, Rogelio Maduro, Marcia Merry, Silvia
Palacios, Ana Maria Phau, David Ramonet, Raynald Rouleau, Michael Sharp,
John Sigerson, Dennis Small, Gretchen Small, Jeffrey Steinberg, Geraldo
Teran, Scott Thompson, Charles Tuttle, and Anthony Wikrent. Other
collaborators contributed information from Asia, Africa, and Ibero-America.
The project editor was Susan Welsh.
The timing was chosen to maximize the impact on the Nov. 8, 1994, midterm
elections in the United States. Both the American electorate, and
responsible citizens and policy making elites around the world, must base
their political choices on the primary fact which LaRouche underlines in his
concluding article: that the breaking economic and financial crises now
gripping the entirety of this planet reflect the close of an approximately
500-year cycle in European history.
The fall of the Berlin Wall five years
ago in October 1989, was but the first fissure in an edifice of oligarchical
control which shaped the 20th century as an era of holocaust, genocide, and
war. President Clinton's break with the U.S "special relationship" with
Britain, announced during his visit to continental Europe in July 1994,
marks an inflection point for a potentially new foreign policy.
We contend that the case presented in these pages is irrefutable. We also
believe that this report makes it clear that no serious intellectual,
political or religious leader, or economic decision-maker can afford to be
without the uniquely authoritative, and effectively presented , intelligence
picture of the weekly EIR.
Crucial background research for this Special Report was provided by
Irish filmmaker Kevin Dowling. Dowling researched and produced "The
Elephant Man" in 1989, a film which exposed the global empire of
Hongkong's most notorious ivory dealer, T.H. Poon. The film was
"pivotal," said the WWF's Sadruddin Aga Khan, in campaigns to save
the elephant. WWF Director General Charles de Haes called it ''a
model of conservation journalism."
However, while making that film, Dowling unearthed some of the
sordid reality of what the WWF was really doing, leading to his next
film, "Tenpence in the Panda," an explosive expose of the WWF. In a
campaign called "unprecedented" in the history of Britain's
Independent Broadcasting Authority (IBA), the WWF spent a reported
$350,000, and exerted enormous political muscle on the IB A, in an
attempt to kill or censor the film. An enraged Prince Philip falsely
accused Dowling of stealing his top-secret memos, which demonstrated
Philip's attempts to cover up an internal WWF audit, the Phillipson
Report. Parts of that suppressed report, which was devastatingly
critical of WWF policies and programs, are excerpted here for the
first time anywhere.
Despite the pressure, "Tenpence in the Panda" aired on the widely
watched British TV investigative series "The Cook Report," in July
1990. Dowling is currently writing what he describes as "a
sensational new history of the conservation industry."
"In the event that I am
reincarnated, I would like to return as a deadly virus, in order
to contribute something to solve overpopulation."
Duke of Edinburgh
During the recent five years, approximately, the
British press and book-publishing businesses have been occupied by an
increasing intensity of scandals directed against the Royal Family, the
House of Windsor.
The most recent of these appeals to the prurient interest of the gossiping
public, former cavalry officer James Hewitt's contributions to the
authorship of Princess in Love,2 has carried this mounting
scandal above the threshold of certain influential Britons' reluctance to
1. As reported by Deutsche Press
Agentur (DPA), August 1988. Compare this statement with the Prince's 1986
Foreword to If I Were An Animal:
"I just wonder what it would be like to be
reincarnated in an animal whose species had been so reduced in numbers than
it was in danger of extinction. What would be its feelings toward the human
species whose population explosion had denied it somewhere to exist. .. . I
must confess that I am tempted to ask for reincarnation as a particularly
Fleur Cowles, People as Animals, Foreword by HRH Prince
Philip, (United Kingdom: Robin Clark Ltd., 1986).
Compare the opinion of
that really high-minded Prince with the words of his intellectual
forerunner, Bertrand Russell:
"But bad times, you say, are exceptional, and
can be dealt with by exceptional methods. This has been more or less true
during the honeymoon period of industrialism, but it will not remain true
unless the increase of population of the world is enormously diminished....
War, so far, has had no very great effect on this increase, which continued
through each of the world wars. [War] has been disappointing in this
respect... but perhaps bacteriological war may prove more effective. If a
Black Death could spread through the world once in every generation,
survivors could procreate freely without making the world too full.... The
state of affairs may be somewhat unpleasant, but what of it? Really
high-minded people are indifferent to happiness, especially other people's."
Bertrand Russell, The Impact of Science Upon Society (New York: Simon and
Schuster, 1953), pp. 102-104.
2. Anna Pasternak, Princess inLove (London: Bloomsbury Publishing, Ltd.,
Exemplary is the statement early this month by Harold Brooks-Baker, the
publishing director of Burke's Peerage:
"We are extremely close to the end
of the House of Windsor," adding that, among Britain's "educated upper
classes," the view of the House of Windsor has become "negative."
Brooks-Baker foresaw the likelihood that the Windsors might be ousted by no
later than sometime early during the next century.
It is only in low-grade fiction, or in worse precincts, such as today's
major news-media, that an intimate affair with a lady (or, with a man less
than a gentleman) is presented as the reason for the toppling of a throne.
In fact, how little concern the general public has for either the
incompetence or outrageously perverse behavior of its preferred celebrities,
is shown by such disgusting phenomena as the existence of Hollywood stars'
fan clubs, by the Soviet Central Committee's selection of a man virtually
dead to succeed General Secretary Yuri Andropov, or by the all-too-frequent
behavior shown by a majority of American voters almost any election night.
The sexual scandals do not topple thrones, or members of the U.S. Congress;
however, like assassinations, they are often dredged up, or, like judicial
"railroads" of targeted public figures, concocted as pretexts employed in
service of dynastic or other purely political motives.
After the facts presented in this Special Report are considered, the British
establishment's strategic, historical motives for dumping the Windsors
should become obvious.
This report documents the fact, that for more than thirty years,
Prince Philip has personally directed
his World Wildlife Fund in genocide against
the population of sub-saharan Africa.
For most of us, that Hitler-like behavior would
be grounds to convict the monarchy.
However, the relevant strata of the
British oligarchy are not like us; they are typified, as an institution, by
the common inhumanity otherwise seen among the leading London, Geneva, and
Wall Street bankers, financial houses, and the London Economist of today;
for reasons to be supplied in the closing section of this report, most such
persons probably would not consider genocide directed against
darker-complexioned peoples of sub-saharan Africa sufficient grounds for
annoying the Royal Family, let alone toppling it.
This report documents also the facts which do affright even the calloused
consciences of London oligarchs.
The Windsors continue to spread that same
mass-murderous, New Age policy which we witness in the World Wildlife Fund
operations against Africans, also into the Americas, Europe, Asia, and
Australia. This threatens the imminent downfall of a global civilization
already racked by the worst financial instability which Europe has seen
since the middle of the 14th Century.
A continuation of the policies of the Windsors,
and also of the corruption-soaked former Prime Minister, Baroness Margaret
Thatcher,3 under such present financial and economic
circumstances, can bring on a planet-wide plunge into chaos, taking the
London-led international oligarchy down with the rest of us.
3. A much-publicized, brewing legal
action against her son, Mark Thatcher, in Texas courts, has put the former
Prime Minister into the London press limelight as a foolishly doting mother
who resorted to the highest degree of corruption in office for the purpose
of elevating her peculiarly unsuitable son to millionaire status. In
addition to this disgusting example of nepotism, Thatcher is vulnerable to
the airing of many other unpleasant truths, should their muster be required.
The bringing down of Thatcher's influence, and, therefore, that of her
former U.S. toady, George Bush, accords with the same strategic motives
prompting a faction of the oligarchy to topple the decadent Royals.
Think of the Windsors as like the bus driver of a vehicle, today's remains
of the British Empire.
Ordinarily, the spectacle of the terrified
passengers in a public conveyance being operated by a besotted clown, would
merely amuse those sadists of
globalist financier oligarchy, were they
themselves not among the passengers.
In that view, one might better
understand why, during the past five-odd years, the relevant portions of the
British establishment at large have oozed into the opinion that that
decadent dynasty, the Windsors, must go.
The charges against
Ladies and gentlemen of the readership's international jury, we have brought
you to this court to hear charges arising from one of the most monstrous
crimes committed in all known human history, a crime perpetrated on a vast
We present to you here the evidence, that for the past thirty-four
years, since its founding in 1961, a wicked organization, calling itself by
such names as the World Wildlife Fund, has engaged in willful genocide
against the nations and peoples of the sub-Sahara regions of East, West, and
We shall prove to you, that throughout all of
this period, the "kingpin" of this criminal conspiracy has been Prince
Philip, also known as the Duke of Edinburgh, and as Consort to the reigning
Queen of the United Kingdom.
We show you here, from his own public utterances, that not only has Prince
Philip been the titular head of this criminal conspiracy.
You will discover
that he has played this role with full consciousness of the criminal intent
of his organization's policies. We show you here, that he has repeatedly
stated his desire to bring about the deaths of countless millions of people,
to which monstrous crime he has professed to have been driven by the same
quality of motive which impelled the Conservative Revolution's Adolf Hitler:4
to the purpose of drastically reducing certain human populations of this
We show you here the evidence, that he has advocated the policies by
means of which this genocide, including that ongoing in Rwanda, has been
brought about, In Her Majesty's Service, through concerted action of the
World Wildlife Fund and British Crown.
4. Cf. Armin Mohler, Die Konservative
Revolution in Deutschland, 1918-1932 (Darmstadt: 1972). The Nazi Party, like
Adolf Hitler a creation of the imperial princedom's
Thule Society, was but
one variety of a populous species known as the "Conservative Revolution."
This includes a leading Nazi ideologue of the 1933-45 interval, Martin
Heidegger, also Friedrich von Hayek of Mont Pelerin Society notoriety, and
also many who fit into the ideological category of Universal
Fascism-advocate Michael Ledeen's "neo-conservative" fans of radical "free
trade" and socio-economic "chaos theory" today.
We present to you the evidence, that he, by the word of his own hand and
mouth, and with shameless braggadocio, has adopted publicly many of those
programs which the World Wildlife Fund and its affiliates have deployed to
bring about against Africans, and also others, that genocide which was the
Prince's explicit standing instruction and documented intent.
This evidence will show that he is personally responsible for this ongoing
and attempted genocide against the peoples of sub-saharan Africa, and, also,
of other parts of this planet.
The evidence shows that this Royal Consort is guilty of this crime not only
in his own person, but in his capacity as the designated princely "kingpin"
of this horrible undertaking.
There are many other culpable parties: the
House of Windsor as an institution; many individual accomplices, simply on
their own account; officials of governments such as the Major government's
British Overseas Development Minister, Lady Lynda Chalker; wealthy families,
in addition to his own; powerful financier and other corporate interests;
highly paid officials of well-financed and complicit charitable and other
private organizations; and many others: the list reads, as it should, like a
summary of the Nuremberg Trials' categories of criminals under the rubric of
crimes against humanity.
To catalog the number and variety of each and all of the accomplices known
to us would require many volumes of documentation.
The authors and editors
of this Special Report have limited ourselves to presenting sufficient
evidence to demonstrate the global enormity of the ongoing crimes being
committed by this London-directed cabal, and to bring to the bar of the
public conscience's justice those principal perpetrators and their leading
accomplices whose assured complicity in this crime is shown beyond doubt by
the evidence at hand.
In the earlier portion, the evidence presented to you will focus upon the
manner in which genocide was planned and executed against the nations and
populations of sub-saharan Africa. Thereafter, the focus of the evidence is
shifted, to bring in facts which show that the Prince and his accomplices
have used their genocide in Africa as a model for deploying the same roster
of international institutions and policies in presently on-going operations
against most of the world's nations and peoples of this planet.
You will see the evidence of World Wildlife Fund's key role in the efforts
to ravish the sovereign existence of the world's leading power, the United
States of America, and the implicitly treasonous role of the Prince's
co-thinkers and other accomplices, as persons and as organizations, inside
the United States.
You will see the impact of these same operations in other
parts of the Americas, operations intended to destroy,
...all as part of the same
global operation tested in genocide against Africans.
You will see the
virtual obliteration of the industrial culture, the national sovereignty,
and even the mortal existence of the nation called Australia. You will see
exemplary evidence of the same operations being conducted against countries
of Asia and continental Europe.
It is readily and fairly calculated, that the policy-measures which the
Prince and his accomplices have adopted, and are implementing currently
would, if allowed, reduce the population of this planet from a current level
of about 5.3 billions persons, to much less than 1 billion within about two
generations, chiefly through the hyperbolically self-accelerating impact of
famine and epidemic diseases of persons, animals, and plants.
conditions produced as a byproduct of such concentrated shock to the
collective immune-system of all higher forms of life, it is by no means
assured that any human beings would exist at the close of the coming
century, if the Prince and his accomplices were not stopped, and the
policies reversed, now. We might hope such a holocaust were not certain, but
we dare not risk that wish; in any case, the Prince, his accomplices, and
their evil policies must be stopped now.
One must not overestimate the morality of those sections of the oligarchy
which are working toward the ouster of the Windsors, of the Thatcherites, or
From the standpoint of such factions of the oligarchy, the essential
crime of the Windsors and the Thatcherites (like the
Bush-leaguers in the
U.S.A.) is not that the oligarchy has strong objections to the Hitler-like
immorality of the Windsors' genocidal practices, but rather only the
Windsors' manifest fanatical stupidity, their decadence.
No doubt, many of
the eugenicists of the oligarchy view this "fanatical stupidity" as the
result of something like a flaw in the family's genes, whether from Philip's
side of the family, or to be found already among Victoria's brood.
Put summarily, the world seems headed toward Hell in the proverbial
wheelbarrow, and the Windsors (and Thatcherites) won't get off the track of
their failed New Age experiments. They appear as a degenerate stage of a
species, which is no longer capable of presenting, or tolerating new ideas,
at a time that valid new conceptions of policy are desperately wanted.
In brief, if our adversary recognizes that his recent strategic reverses are
caused by the fact that several of his generals are fanatically stupid
commanders, one should acknowledge the fact that this probably correct
perception has arisen, but should not fear that our reporting that truth
renders EIR in any sense well-wishers of the adversary's cause.
Rather, such developments on the adversary's side as the recognition that
the current basket of Windsors or Thatcherites may be the proverbial "runts
of the litter," should warn us not to be misled into any self-deluding
scape-goating of Prince Philip. He has been but the defective instrument of a
policy-interest which was defined millennia before he was born, and will be
a continuing danger for at least the several decades immediately before us,
after he is departed.
The crime documented in this report is by far the greatest crime perpetrated
in all human history: the assured destruction of all civilized human life on
this planet, and perhaps, possibly, also a set of wicked actions leading to
the extinction of the human species.
Since 1961, Prince Philip has supplied
a crucial leading role in heading up this global criminal conspiracy, but he
did not originate the underlying policy. That policy we trace immediately to
the nineteenth-century Darwin-Huxley circles and their role in creating the
Eugenics network which, among its other productions, sponsored the
in Germany, and also its satellite, Margaret Sanger's
Prince Philip's role should be seen as
continuing that same tradition which produced Hitler earlier, and to carry
that criminal tradition to new extremes, of which some television fans might
"To boldly go where no man has gone before."
Then, if you find them
Following our presentation of the evidence against the culpable Prince and
his more notable accomplices, we have appended an appropriate "sentencing
That concluding section will provide you jurors a summary of what
known human history has to tell us about the origins and nature of the
specific quality of criminality which the Prince, the World Wildlife Fund,
and their accomplices represent. When you decide how you must judge the
perpetrators charged here, we ask that you not lose sight of the setting in
which this case is being heard.
The evil permeating the criminality of the Prince and his accomplices is
very old, as old as the dimly lit fringes of earliest known history. The
ultimate enemy is not this unfortunate Prince, but rather that specific
tradition of criminality fairly described as "oligarchism."
is the specific infectious agent responsible for the moral and mental
sickness shown by the accused Prince and his accomplices. In selecting a
just and prudent course of action in the matter of the ongoing criminality
documented here, we must rise above the prevailing decadence of most current
international legal and related practice, to cure the problem, rather than,
as the victors perverted the post-World War II Nuremberg Trials, seeking to
hide our own earlier negligence behind some conspicuous suffering imposed
upon inculpated scapegoats.
It is shown to us, respecting the character of this moment of history, that
the world has tolerated for more than three decades a criminal conspiracy of
an enormity already vastly exceeding, in its toll upon humanity to date, the
memorable atrocities of Hitler's crew. We do not go so far as to suggest
that this signals the onset of an Apocalypse; but, it does symptomize a
crisis fairly seen as permeated with an apocalyptical quality.
expresses the threatened onset of a "new dark age," global in scope,
echoing, and exceeding in intensity the "new dark ages" attending the
collapse of the Roman Empire in western Europe, and the so-called "New Dark
Age" of Europe's 14th Century.
In brief, the enormity of the Prince's crime, presently coinciding with the
threatened imminent disintegration of the global monetary and financial
systems, bespeaks the close of a five-hundred-odd-year cycle in the history
of European civilization.
To the historian, such a spectacle is to be
compared only with the numerous earlier, analogous cases of closing periods
of dynastic collapse which have characterized the known history of every
culture on this planet, prior to the Renaissance advent of modern European christian civilization. No dynasty, however ancient or powerful, of whatever
culture, has ever survived the end of such a dynastic cycle.
show no talent for becoming an exception to that rule.
Such evidence helps the jurors assembled better to understand that this
Windsor dynasty were almost certainly turned into a pitied relic very soon,
whatever we do or fail to do in this proceeding. Our task is not to punish
the Windsors (although we may be hastening their retirement), but rather to
act with greater prudence than any ruling culture has shown at the close of
any earlier time or place of apocalyptical crisis.
Our work here will be rightly judged not by some silly "Nuremberg-style"
sentence we might recommend for the Prince and his accomplices. It is
relevant to this admonition, to recognize, from considering how many
millions of onlookers have tolerated the nature and scope of the crimes
which the Prince has conducted openly, how little enduring good was done, or
personal political courage shown by the Nuremberg courts after World War II.
The nominally exonerated Schacht, and Auschwitz's von Knierem had but
recently departed the stage, and the benches at Nuremberg had scarcely grown
cold, in 1961, when the Prince and his accomplices launched a scheme vaster
and more evil than any yet known to have been conducted or conceived by
The crimes of the House of Windsor must be seen rightly by this jury,
by borrowing the eyes of history.
The Prince's is a most monstrous crime, but yet,
more significantly, the symptom of the terminal sickness of a civilization
which has tolerated the conspicuous promotion of such evil policies and
Prince Philip (circled) at the Nazi funeral
The essence of the matter is that this Prince has
been a cat's-paw of the decadence of our age, and, in that way, a marker for
the onrushing doom of ruling global institutions bereft of the moral fitness
to survive. It is that latter sickness, not the mere symptom, to which our
justice must address its curative powers.
We conclude these opening remarks thus: The challenge posed by the evidence
set before you, is:
Can you, the jurors, be provoked by the horror of the fact that no solution
for the collapse of this civilization exists under the presently generally
accepted rules of conduct, into discovering the needed radical changes in
axioms of policymaking, those changes which might enable humanity to rebuild
a ruined society immediately from the ruins of the collapsed dynasty,
without living through the intervening nightmare of yet another "New Dark
To a summary of that purpose, we shall return in the concluding epilogue of
this proceeding today.
The Trial Begins
Prince Philip's Allgemeine SS
by Jeffrey Steinberg
Most citizens of the Americas believe that Queen Elizabeth II is a
figurehead with virtually no political or financial power.
Nothing could be
further from the truth.
As the present head of the Windsor Dynasty, she
is the sole sovereign head of state of the United Kingdom and 16 other
states, and also exerts more subtle but equally deadly authority over the
other 33 nations of the British Commonwealth.
The Royal Family Tree
But the power of the House of Windsor also
derives from Queen Elizabeth IPs status as the "chief executive officer" of
an informal body known to some as the Club of the Isles, which combines the
political and financial clout of a far more extensive combine of
intermarried European royal and princely families that extends from
Scandinavia to Greece.
Prince Philip's Allqemeine SS
The estimated combined financial worth of the
Club of the Isles is greater than $1 trillion and the holdings in which the
club has controlling interest are believed to exceed $9 trillion.
petroleum supply is dominated by the British royal household, as is much of
the world's supply of precious metals and raw materials, through such "Crown
jewels" as Rio Tinto Zinc, Lonrho, and DeBeers Anglo American Corp.
The Royal Consort, Prince Philip Mountbatten, Duke of Edinburgh, plays a
similar role in his capacity as "chief operations officer" for the Club of
the Isles, and as the head of the World Wide Fund for Nature. What's more,
Prince Philip is the principal public spokesman for the number
one priority policy of the club: to reduce the population of the world to
below 1 billion people within several generations.
To accomplish this requires genocide on a global scale exceeding the
slaughter that has been unleashed against Africa over the past 35 years.
To accomplish this, the executive agency
directed by Prince Philip has created a powerful apparatus, an SS, made up
of Royal Chartered trusts and corporations, propaganda fronts, assassination
and terror agencies, etc. - the world's most efficient Murder, Inc.
Who's who in Prince
Philip's Allgemeine SS
The numbers below refer to Figure 2:
Club of the Isles/House of Windsor:
Through the Club of the Isles (see p.
9), the Windsor Dynasty functions as primus inter pares for an
extended royal family that claims the thrones of Russia, Prussia,
Denmark, Sweden, Belgium, Greece, the Netherlands, Yugoslavia, and
scores of smaller principalities.
Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark,
Baron Greenwich, Earl of Merioneth, Duke of Edinburgh:
to Queen Elizabeth II, Prince Philip founded the World Wildlife Fund
in 1961, became its International President in 1981. Former
president, Zoological Society London (ZSL).
See p. 20 for selected
quotes from his writings.
Zoological Society of London
Founded in 1826 by Sir Stamford Raffles,
former Viceroy of India and founder of Singapore. Inspired the New
York and Frankfurt Zoological Societies. Mother organization of the
London Zoo. Royal Geographical Society (RGS).
Founded in 1830 as the Geographical
Society of London; Royal Charter in 1859. Sponsored major colonial
expeditions such as Livingstone's and Sir Richard Burton's into
The boards of the ZSL and RGS are almost indistinguishable
from that of the WWF; Prince Philip was president of the ZSL in the
The ZSL and RGS stand at the pinnacle of the British intelligence
establishment. The ZSL's recent chief executives: Julian Huxley,
1935-42; Field Marshal Lord Alanbrooke, Senior Chief of Staff for
the U.K., 1950-54; Lord Solly Zuckerman, U.K. Government Chief
Scientific Adviser, 1955-84; Sir Frank Chappell, the former General
Commanding Officer (GOC) of the British Army, present director,
member of WWF-U.K.
The ZSL and RGS share the WWF's eugenics
ideology, and the Darwin-Huxley tribe is omnipresent in both.
Eugenics "founder" Sir Francis Galton was a major mid-19th century
power in the RGS. Michael Huxley, Julian's cousin, founded its
Geographical Magazine. RGS officials together with the WWF's Sir
Peter Scott founded Survival International.
RTZ, Shell, Lonrho, ICI, Unilever,
See pp. 15-16.
The Fauna and Flora Preservation Society
Founded in 1903 as the Society for the
Preservation of the Wild Fauna of the Empire. Second oldest British
conservation organization after the Royal Society for the Protection
of Birds (1889).
Has a panel of 108 "honorary overseas consultants"
in 70 countries. Maintains liaisons with most other key conservation
bodies. Mother organization, with the Eugenics Society, of the IUCN
and the WWF. Housed since its founding in the London Zoo. Patron:
Her Majesty the Queen.
"The Fauna" was founded as an arm of British imperial policy under
the guise of "conservation." Its founding vicepresidents, Lords
Milner, Grey, Cromer, Curzon, and Minto, were all imperial
proconsuls, chiefly in India and Africa.
As Sir Peter Scott, FFPS
chairman for most of the three decades from the 1960s until his
death in 1989, noted in his history of the Fauna:
Chief aim of FFPS was to expand the national park system worldwide.
It convened international conferences in 1933, 1938, and 1953 to
plan new national parks.
Its secretary, Colonel Stevenson-Hamilton,
established the Kruger National Park in South Africa. The architect
of the Kenyan National Park system, Col. Mervyn Cowie, is still an
FFPS board member today.
FFPS personnel have dominated the WWF and the IUCN since their
founding, frequently chairing the IUCN's two key committees, the
Commission on National Parks and Protected Areas; and the Survival
Service Commission, concerned with WWF-style "species preservation,"
chaired for almost two decades starting in 1963 by Peter Scott.
The Nature Conservancy
Founded by Royal charter inl949.0ne of
the U.K.'s four official research bodies under the Privy Council.
Known as the "world's first statutory conservation body," it became
one of the most powerful postwar covert operations of the Crown.
From his influential post as permanent
secretary to the Lord President of the Council (the deputy prime
minister), Max Nicholson wrote the legislation for the Conservancy,
then left his government post to head it, 1952-66.
personally developed most of the major strategies and tactics of the
world environmentalist movement for the next decades.
He started the campaign against DDT
later popularized by Rachel Carson in The Silent Spring; drafted the
constitution for the IUCN; set up and chaired the committee which
established the WWF in 1961; and chose Sir Peter Scott as the WWF's
first chairman, who held the post for over two decades.
The subtitle to his 1970 history of the
postwar environmental movement is "A Guide for the New Masters of
IUCN, UNESCO, UNEP:
The Swiss-based International
Union for the Conservation of Nature was formed in 1948 by Sir
Julian Huxley; its constitution was written by the British Foreign
Bringing together 68 nations, 103 government agencies, and
640 non-governmental organizations, the IUCN is nominally tied to
the United Nations, but is outside of its oversight.
The WWF was originally formed to fund
the IUCN; many of the IUCN's key commissions are run by the Fauna
Preservation Society. Together with the UNEP and the World Resources
Institute, the IUCN launched the "Global Biodiversity Strategy,"
which guides the conservation planning of many nations.
Its staff directly plan the conservation strategies and administer
the national parks systems of many former colonies today. It sees
the preservation of "biodiversity" as its main mission.
president is Sir
Shridath Ramphal, the former Secretary General of
the British Commonwealth 1975-90; its director general, Martin
Holdgate, was a senior official of the United Kingdom's Department
of the Environment.
The United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural
Organization, is a Paris-based specialized U.N. organization that
was designed by Sir Julian Huxley, who also was its first director
In his founding 1946 document, Huxley defines Unesco's two
main aims as popularizing the need for eugenics, and protecting
wildlife through the creation of national parks, especially in
With a $550 million annual budget, Unesco funds a vast
network of conservation groups; it defines protection of the
environment as one of its three main goals.
The United Nations Environment Program was formed at the
1972 U.N. Conference on the Environment, which was organized by WWF
founder Maurice Strong.
Based in Kenya, the UNEP works closely with
Unesco, the IUCN, and the WWF in diverse ventures.
Conservation Monitoring Center in Cambridge, England, jointly
sponsored with the IUCN and the WWF, is the central intelligence
agency of the conservation movement.
World Wildlife Fund (Since 1987, World
Wide Fund for Nature):
See p. 18 far below.
See p. 19 far below.
World Resources Institute:
Founded in 1982 under the guidance of
WWF U.S.A. president Russell E. Train with generous grants from the
Rockefeller Brothers Fund and the MacArthur Foundation.
James Gustave Speth was appointed president. Speth was a cofounder of the
Natural Resources Defense Council and formerly the chairman of the
U.S. Council on Environmental Quality and the director of the Global
After 11 years at WRI Speth was made head of the
United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in 1993. WRI is the main
think-tank for U.S. environmental groups, putting forward study
after study promoting the new world order and the global
WRI is affiliated with the
International Institute for Environment and Development in London,
formerly headed by Lady Jackson (Barbara Ward).
Sir James Goldsmith and his older
brother Edward are leading financiers of the WWF apparatus globally.
Along with John Aspinall, major funders of Survival International
and Friends of the Earth.
In 1970, Edward Goldsmith founded The
Ecologist, magazine of the radical wing of the green movement.
Edward also launched the Green Party movement in the U.K. which
spawned Green parties in every European Community state.
The Sierra Club was founded in 1892 by
preservationist John Muir with funding from the famous robber baron
Mostly an outing club until the 1950s, the Sierra
Club became a radical environmental lobbying organization under the
leadership of David Brower. In 1969, Brower left Sierra Club to
create the more radical Friends of the Earth.
Later on he also
founded the Earth Island Institute.
Michael McCloskey replaced
Brower and proceeded to refocus the Sierra Club into an organization
dedicated to preventing all commercial uses of public lands in the
United States. In 1971, leaders of the Sierra Club in Canada created
In 1979, the Sierra Club and the Wilderness Society gave
David Foreman a 10-year contract to create and lead an overtly
terrorist environmental organization.
That organization became Earth
Founded in 1971 out of the Don't Make a
Wave Committee, to coopt drug-rock-sex counterculture victims into
WWF-sponsored "direct action."
Now has branches in 24 countries,
with headquarters in The Netherlands and an annual budget of $157
million. Spawned ecoterrorist groups Sea Shepherd, Lynx, Animal
Liberation Front, and Earth First!
Current director is Lord Peter Melchett, heir to the Imperial Chemical Industries fortune.
Behind-the-scenes operator from early years is David McTaggart,
Canadian confidence man, who received funding from WWF Executive
Director Sir Peter Scott to purchase ships to assault nuclear test
ranges, whaling fleets, and seal hunters.
Friends of the Earth:
Founded in 1969 by David Ross Brower,
former executive director of Sierra Club. In 1990, merged with
Environmental Policy Institute and Oceanic Society and obtained
tax-exempt status from the U.S. Internal Revenue Service.
England in 1970, with financing from the Goldsmith and Rothschild
interests and John Aspinall.
Engages in direct action and other
activities particularly targeting nuclear power plants. Director of
FOE U.K. during the 1980s was Jonathan Porritt, son of ex-governor
general of New Zealand. Founder of FOE France, Brice LaLonde was
later appointed President Francois Mitterrand' s environmental
FOE, like Greenpeace, deployed personnel to found Earth
The British Commonwealth
Founded in London in 1969 with
sponsorship of WWF chairman Sir Peter Scott to provide funding to
"help tribal peoples protect their lands, environment and way of
Originally named Primitive Peoples Fund. Continues close
collaboration with WWF and the Royal Geographic Society.
founding members include: Edward Goldsmith, John Aspinall, Nicolas
Guppy, Francis Huxley, and Royal Geographic Society director John
Hemming. South American Indians, particularly Yanomami, were initial
targets of SI operations.
In 1972, spawned Cultural Survival, headed
by British anthropologist David Maybury-Lewis and chaired by Queen
Margarethe of Denmark.
Environmental Investigative Agency:
London-headquartered private eye unit
spawned out of Greenpeace U.K. Founder is Allan Thornton, an early
leader of Greenpeace.
Financed by Animal Welfare Institute and other WWF fronts to conduct "muckraking" investigations into environmental
Sea Shepherd, Lynx, Earth First!,
Rainforest Action Network.
See p. 55.
WWF's global outreach
Prince Philip's Corporate SS
by Anthony K. Wikrent and Allen Douglas
The modern multinationals typified by Royal Dutch Shell, Unilever, and RTZ,
which have done so much to strangle Africa and the rest of the world in the
postwar period, are merely the modern, slightly disguised form of the
Crown-chartered "merchant adventurer" companies of Elizabethan England and
Like their often Venetian-sponsored Elizabethan predecessors , some
of which merged to become the British East India Company in the late
sixteenth century, they are granted a "royal charter" to operate globally on
behalf of the Crown and its associated families. The Anglo-Dutch firm Royal
Dutch Shell, for instance, so prominent in Africa and in the World Wide Fund
for Nature, dates from the financial arrangements established when William
of the Dutch house of Orange took the British throne in 1688, with Venetian
When Africa was colonized by the European powers in the 1880s and 1890s,
that process, too, was under charter from the Crown, to such companies as
the Royal Niger Company, the British East Africa Company, and Cecil Rhodes's
British South Africa Company.
Today's WWF backers, particularly its "Africa
division" listed below, as well as those in the flow chart on the following
page, are the direct descendants of these late-nineteenth-century Crown
companies, if not earlier ones, like Shell.
Tiny Rowland's Lonrho Corp. is
typical: As of 1990 the employer of over 100,000 people in Africa, it is the
continent's major private food producer, and a powerhouse in precious
In 1961, at the time Lonrho was vastly upgraded in order to subvert and
destroy the emerging independent African nations, it was a subsidiary of
Cecil Rhodes's still-existing British South Africa Company. And, as EIR has
documented in its 1992 book, Tiny Rowland: The Ugly Face of Neocolonialism
in Africa, the money and connections to launch this new British East India
Co. for Africa came from City of London financier Harley Drayton and his 117
Old Broad Street Group, Crown Agents for the colonies and the managers of
the private fortune of the queen.
Drayton's longtime personal assistant was
the Scottish aristocrat Angus Ogilvy, whose wife, Princess Alexandra of
Kent, is presently the head of WWF-U.K.
From 1961 on, Rowland was the chief financier for the gangs whose genocidal
wars have devastated Africa. He often financed both sides of a struggle at
the same time, beginning with the Ian Smith regime in Rhodesia and its black
opposition around Joshua Nkomo and Robert Mugabe, continuing into his
financing both the Frelimo government and its Renamo opposition in
Mozambique, and both the MPLA government and its Unita opposition in Angola.
The queen is the world's wealthiest woman, with an acknowledged fortune of $
13 billion (Harpers and Queen magazine, January 1991). In reality it is far
greater, but she is exempt from having to disclose her holdings.
following entities, with major assets particularly in Africa, are
politically directed by, and often substantially owned by, the Crown:
RTZ Corp. PLC.
Second-largest mining firm in the world. Established in 1873
by Hugh Matheson of the Jardine Matheson opium-trading firm. RTZ's third
chairman, Sir Auckland Geddes, worked with Sir Ernest Oppenheimer to
reorganize control of raw materials production in Africa in the 1920s and
Anglo-American Corp. of South Africa, Ltd.
Largest mining firm in the world;
dominates the economy of South Africa. Constitutes, together with the two De
Beers companies, the Oppenheimer empire. The Rothschilds and J.P. Morgan and
Co. provided Sir Ernest Oppenheimer the financing to cartelize diamond and
gold production in South Africa between 1902 and 1929.
De Beers Consolidated Mines Ltd. (South Africa) and De Beers Centenary AG
Control world diamond production. Established by Cecil Rhodes
in 1880; by 1888, with Rothschild backing, controlled 90% of the world's
diamond production. ,.
Major banking power in Africa. Tightly controlled by the
Barclay, Freame, Bevan, and Buxton families, the latter of which co-founded
Shell Trading & Transport PLC and Shell U.K. Ltd.
petrochemical producer. ST&f, a British holding company, owns 40% of the
Royal Dutch Shell group of over 2,000 companies worldwide (the other 60% i^
owned by Royal Dutch Petroleum Co.); forged by Sir Henri Deterding in 1903
with the French Rothschilds.
N.M. Rothschild & Sons Ltd.
Founded in 1803 with the assistance of the Thurn
und Taxis family, one of the "princely families" of the Hapsburg Empire,
originally the Venetian Torre e Tasso family. NMR&S historically financed
the expansion of the Venetian-modeled British Empire, as they did by
bankrolling Cecil Rhodes's gold and diamonds empire.
Imperial Chemical Industries PLC.
Key part of world chemical cartel. Formed
in 1926 by Lord Melchett and others by merging the four largest British
chemical firms. The present Lord Melchett, grandson of ICI's founder, is
head of Greenpeace, United Kingdom.
Owns vast plantations in Africa and the continent's largest
trading company (United Africa Co.); key part of the world food cartel,
particularly in fats and edible oils. Formed by 1930s strategic merger of English
Lever Brothers firm, which owned the West African heirs to the Royal Niger
Co, with a Dutch company.
Prince Philip's Corporate SS
The '1001 Club' - a nature
by Scott Thompson
Membership in the "1001 Club," founded in 1971 by Prince Bernhard of The
Netherlands, consort to Queen Juliana of the House of Orange, is restricted
to 1,001 persons at any given time and is by invitation only.
All members pay a $10,000 initiation fee which
goes toward a $10 million trust to bankroll World Wildlife Fund operations.
The club donated an office building in Gland, Switzerland, which currently
houses the international headquarters of the WWF and the International Union
for the Conservation of Nature.
Initial members were handpicked by Prince
Bernhard and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. Membership includes
representatives of the royal houses of Europe, officials of British Crown
corporations, and prominent figures in international organized crime.
Below is a sample of current and past members
with brief biographical data.
Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands.
in 1912, Bernhard is cousin-in-law of Kaiser Wilhelm's sister,
Princess Victoria of Hohenzollern.
In 1934, at the University of
Berlin, Bernhard was recruited to Nazi intelligence and eventually
IG Farben (the chemical giant which maintained business
links to Britain's Imperial Chemical Industries throughout the war
Zyklon-B gas for the gas chambers).
Because of his Nazi
links, Bernhard's marriage to Queen Juliana of the House of Orange
created a scandal in the Netherlands.
Bernhard founded the
Bilderberg Society in 1953. Bilderberg sponsors
annual secret meeting of North American and European "one world"
elites. Bernhard co-founded the WWF in 1961. In 1976, he was caught
taking a $1.1 million bribe from Lockheed Corp. He resigned as head
of Bilderberg, and from the WWF-International and 1001 Club.
remains a dominant behind-the-scenes figure in all three.
President of WWF-Denmark.
Prince Juan Carlos. Founder and president of honor of WWF-Spain. He
later became King Juan Carlos.
Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan.
title of His Highness by Queen Elizabeth II in 1957 when editor of
Paris Review, a publication co-founded by John Train (see box p.
Prince Johannes von Thurn und Taxis
Self-proclaimed "head of Venetian intelligence" and heir
to one of the most powerful "princely families" of the Holy Roman
Empire. The family has extensive land holdings in Bavaria, Portugal,
Italy, and Brazil, derived from its role as postmaster of the
Hapsburg Empire. His father, Max, founded Hitler's Allgemeine SS and
headquartered it at the family's Regensburg Castle in Bavaria.
Director of the Alfred
Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach Foundation. Beitz ran a successful
takeover of Krupp Industries in 1953.
Chairman and CEO of the
Hollinger Corp., a media conglomerate with major newspapers in
Britain, Canada, the United States, Israel, and Australia.
Originally called Argus Corp., a postwar restructuring of the
wartime British intelligence front company War Supplies, Ltd.,
Hollinger is the leading press organ of the House of Windsor and
recently led the propaganda campaign against U.S. President Bill
Baron Aubrey Buxton of Alsa.
Vice president of the World Wildlife Fund-U.K. under Prince Philip.
The Buxton family has run Barclays Bank.
Publications Ltd.; chairman, George Cadbury Trust. Family's
chocolate interests dominate the economies of West Africa.
Dr. Luc Hoffman.
Vice president of WWF-International
and of the IUCN (1966-69); director of Hoffman-LaRoche, the Swiss
Co-founder in 1968 of
the Club of Rome with Aurelio Peccei. Responsible for the club's
book Limits to Growth, which led a revival of the malthusian
argument for drastic reduction of world population.
Jonkheer John H. Loudon.
from the British and Dutch royal families. Bemhard's handpicked
successor in 1977 to become international president of the World
Wide Fund for Nature. Former CEO of the Royal Dutch Shell Group;
chairman of Shell Oil Co. until 1976.
Sir Peter Scott.
Knight of the British
Empire (deceased). Chairman, World Wide Fund for Nature since its
inception as the WWF-I in 1961; chairman, Survival Service
Commission of the IUCN since 1963; founder of the Wildfowl Trust at
Slimbridge, Gloucestershire in 1964.
Vice president WWF-I
until 1975. First executive director of the U.N. Environment Program
until 1975, having previously served for two years as secretary
general of the U.N. Conference on the Human Environment. Chairman,
Bureau of the IUCN. Undersecretary general, United Nations
(1985-87). Was charged by the secretary general to run the
U.N.-sponsored Earth Summit held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in June
1992. Appointed by the Canadian government as chairman, Petro-Canada
(1976-78); currently chairman of Ontario Hydro.
and Rockefeller family hanger-on, linked to drug money-laundering
circles. In early-1994, the family's Banco Latino collapsed and was
seized by the Venezuelan government. Brother Ricardo Cisneros, a
director of Banco Latino, is a fugitive from justice. Ran BIOMA, a
leading Venezuelan "environmentalist group" shut down after caught
faking dolphin killings.
D.K. Ludwig (deceased).
made a fortune destroying the Amazon rainforests and later helped
organized crime syndicate boss Meyer Lansky to establish his drug
money-laundering empire in the Bahamas.
The bagman for the $1.1
million bribe to Prince Bernhard from Lockheed Corp.
Tibor Rosenbaum (deceased).
logistics chief. His Geneva-based Banque du Credit International was
identified by Life magazine in 1967 as a money laundry for Meyer
Lansky. Together with 1001 member Maj. Louis Mortimer Bloomfield
(deceased), Rosenbaum's network financed Permindex, the corporate
entity which New Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrison charged was
a vehicle for the Kennedy assassination. French intelligence
established that Permindex laundered $200,000 through BCI, to
finance several aborted assassination attempts against Charles de
alleged "American Connection" to the Medellin Cartel. Initially
sponsored by the Swiss branch of the Rothschild family to take over
the Lansky-affiliated Investors Overseas Service (IOS). Last known
address: Havana, Cuba.
Co-founder of the 1001
Club and chairman of the WWF-South Africa. Rupert is owner of
Rembrandt tobacco interests and a protege of World War II chief of
British MI-6 Sir Stewart Menzies.
Sir Kenneth Kleinwort
Kleinwort Benson, one of Britain's oldest banks.
Chairman of Jardine
Matheson, the British trading company created by Lord Palmerston to
service the Far East opium trade during the 19th-century. Brother
John Keswick is chairman of Hambros Bank, a backer of WWF, and a
director of the Bank of England.
Chairman of Safra Bank,
one-time owner of American Express Bank, and target of U.S. and
Swiss government investigations as a drug money launderer.
Sir Francis de Guingand
Former head of
British Military Intelligence, now residing in South Africa.
The WWF - race science
and world government
by Allen Douglas
The World Wildlife Fund (WWF, now the
World Wide Fund for Nature), was
founded in 1961 for one stated purpose: to raise money to drastically expand
the operations of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
Established in Gland, Switzerland in 1948 on a
British Foreign Office-drafted constitution, the IUCN today boasts that it
is the largest "professional" international conservation organization - as
of 1994 comprising 68 states, 103 governmental agencies, and over 640
non-governmental organizations, "many of global reach."
Under the cover of "conserving nature," the WWF-IUCN has in fact dedicated
reduce the world's population,
particularly in the developing sector
ensure that control of the world's raw
materials remains in the hands of a tiny handful of largely British
(or Anglo-Dutch) multinationals.
These two goals, WWF-IUCN spokesmen have
repeatedly stated, require a world government.
The WWF has been headed since its inception in
1961 by Prince Philip, the first head of the most important national-sector
branch, the WWF-UK, who recruited Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands to be
the first head of the WWF-International.
After the Lockheed scandals of the
mid-1970s, in which Prince Bernhard was caught taking million-dollar bribes
to sell airplanes, Philip replaced Bernhard as head of WWF-I. Philip was
later replaced as WWF-UK head by Princess Alexandra, first cousin to the
That the Crown has directly run the WWF from the outset is lawful.
The WWF-IUCN is a spin-off of two of Britain's leading imperial institutions:
the Society for the Preservation of the Wild Fauna of the Empire (now the
Fauna and Flora Preservation Society, FFPS, whose patron is the queen),
which laid the groundwork for the game parks throughout Africa; and the
The co-founder of both the IUCN and the WWF, Sir Julian Huxley, personally
embodied these two currents. He was obsessed with population control, which
he called "the problem of our age." He served on the British government's
Population Investigation Commission between World War I and World War II,
was vice president of the Eugenics Society from 1937-44, and was its
president when he founded the WWF in 1961. He also served as a vice
president of "the Fauna," as its aristocratic members still fondly call it.
The ideology of both institutions, and of their WWF spawn, dates in its
modern form from Sir Francis Galton, who coined the term "eugenics," and his
Charles Darwin, who in 1859 authored his infamous
Origin of the Species by Means
of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favored Races in the Struggle
Galton aimed to propagate the pseudo-scientific humbug of
Darwinism's "survival of the fittest" in the human arena, and so defined the
aims of his "Race Betterment Movement" as:
"To create a new and superior
race through eugenics," which would require the human race to be "culled."
The Darwin-Huxley tribe and its cousins have propagated this doctrine
unceasingly over the past century and a half.
What became the WWF took shape in the pre-World War II period in the
Political and Economic Planning satellite of a Rhodes-descended Foreign
Office think-tank, the Royal Institute of International Affairs. Its
"planning" focused on eugenics, raw materials control, and world-government;
its two top officials, Max Nicholson and Julian Huxley, later founded both
the IUCN and the WWF.
Huxley continued his eugenics fixation after the war as the first head of
the U.N. Educational, Social, and Cultural Organization (Unesco).
As he said
in its founding document,
"Thus even though it is quite true that any
radical eugenic policy will be for many years politically and
psychologically impossible, it will be important for Unesco to see that the
public mind is informed of the issues at stake so that much that now is
unthinkable may at least become thinkable."
World government was the answer,
Huxley and Nicholson emphasized, and "wildlife conservation" was a pathway
to this goal. Huxley said that "the spread of man must take second place to
the conservation of other species."
His coworker Nicholson, permanent
secretary to five postwar British foreign ministers and one of Britain's
most powerful civil servants, said in his 1970 history of the world
environmental movement, The Environmental Revolution: A Guide for the New
Masters of the World, which he and Huxley had largely founded, that, given
the migratory patterns of the world's birds,
"the lesson has been learnt and
unreservedly accepted that Ducks Unlimited means Sovereignty Superseded.
There are many subjects besides ducks where the same lesson applies, but few
where it has been mastered."
In 1960, as much of Africa was preparing for independence, the 74-year-old
Huxley took an arduous three-month tour of Africa, preaching that the newly
independent states could not be trusted to "conserve wildlife."
cover, and with the aim of subverting and destroying independence, Huxley
and Nicholson linked up the following year with their royal soulmate Prince
The WWF was born.
friends ran 'Get LaRouche' plot
Henry Kissinger, an asset of London's Chatham House (Royal Institute
for International Affairs) and self-described British agent, successfully
lobbied officials of the Reagan Department of Justice and the FBI to launch
a politically motivated witch-hunt against U.S. economist Lyndon LaRouche and
his political movement in early 1983, it was a longtime activist in the
Prince Philip orbit who was given the job of running a global media
propaganda campaign to set the stage for the railroad prosecution and
possible assassination of LaRouche.
John Train, a Wall Street banker and cousin of WWF U.S.A. President Russell
Train, convened a series of meetings beginning in April 1983 which drew
together a score of journalists, government agents, and officials of the
Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith (ADL).
Out of the meetings came a
barrage of slanders which appeared in such divergent news outlets as NBC-TV,
the Wall Street Journal, Reader's Digest, and the Soviet magazine Literaturnaya Gazeta.
The Train-led propaganda effort, which was run on behalf of the George
Bush-led "secret government" team that financed the narco-terrorist
Nicaraguan Contras and sold arms to Ayatollah Khomeini, was instrumental in
the December 1988 prosecution of LaRouche and a half-dozen associates.
Evidence of the role of the Train salon was systematically suppressed during
and after the trial. This evidence should have resulted in overturning the
Train runs a New York investment counseling firm, Smith Train, which has
been owned by Anglo-Swedish interests since the early 1980s. Two members of
the Rothschild family sit on the board of the holding company that owns 50%
of Smith Train, and Train's chief associate in London is Steven Keynes,
nephew of John Maynard Keynes, the British economist.
But Train's deepest ties to Prince Philip come through his 45-year intimate
collaboration with Teddy Goldsmith, the older brother of "green"
industrialist Sir Jimmy Goldsmith and the publisher of the Ecologist, the
house organ of the radical wing of the WWF apparatus. Train and Teddy
Goldsmith first hooked up in Paris in the early 1950s, along with "Children
of the Sun" literatus Stephen Spender, a "radical" asset of British royal
intelligence, to co-found Paris Review.
Teddy Goldsmith was the founder of such key WWF
instruments as Survival International and the green parties in Europe.
Sir James, along with Britain's casino czar and
leading environmentalist John Aspinall, bankrolled Friends of the Earth-U.K.
when the group was first setting up shop in England, and have been
consistent champions of Prince Philip's WWF ventures.
murderous world view, in his own words
We need to 'cull' the surplus
Press conference at the National Press Club in
on the occasion of the "Caring for
Creation" conference of the North American Conference on Religion and
Ecology, May 18,1990.
It is now apparent that the ecological
pragmatism of the so-called pagan religions, such as that of the
American Indians, the Polynesians, and the Australian Aborigines, was a
great deal more realistic in terms of conservation ethics than the more
intellectual monotheistic philosophies of the revealed religions.
Address on Receiving Honorary Degree from the
University of Western Ontario
Canada, July 1,1983.
For example, the World Health Organization Project, designed to
eradicate malaria from Sri Lanka in the postwar years, achieved its
purpose. But the problem today is that Sri Lanka must feed three times
as many mouths, find three times as many jobs, provide three times the
housing, energy, schools, hospitals and land for settlement in order to
maintain the same standards.
Little wonder the natural environment and
wildlife in Sri Lanka has suffered. The fact [is]... that the
best-intentioned aid programs are at least partially responsible for the
Preface to Down to Earth by HRH Prince Philip,
Duke of Edinburgh
1988, p. 8.
I don't claim to have any special interest in natural history, but as a
boy I was made aware of the annual fluctuations in the number of game
animals and the need to adjust the "cull" to the size of the surplus
Lecture to the European Council of
Montreaux, Switzerland, Nov. 14,1986.
The great difficulty about "life" is that we humans are part of it, and
it is therefore almost impossible to study objectively... It therefore
tends to be anthropocentric and gives scant attention to the welfare of
all the other life-forms which share this planet with us.
...When the Bible says that man shall have "dominion" over God's
creation, the choice is between understanding dominion as in "having
power over," or dominion as "having responsibility for."
A farmer... is respecting the natural system and practicing what
ecologists refer to as maintaining a sustainable yield. This is the
basis of the economics of nature. It is just as important as the
economics of money, since no human activity can be considered in
isolation from the natural world which is our life support system.
In other words, once you have interfered with the balance of nature it
becomes necessary to maintain the balance by artificial means. This
means that some animals have to be killed in the interest of maintaining
the health and viability of the species as a whole as well as the
benefit of other more vulnerable species. Unfortunately there are many
people who object to that sort of thing.
Ecology is not concerned with the fate of individual animals. It accepts
the concept of the exploitation of surplus natural resources because
that is in the way the natural system works, but it must always be done
on the principle of maintaining a sustainable yield... The inexorable
rule of nature is that if you mess up your environment you will have to
pay a heavy price sooner or later... Just look around the globe today
and you cannot fail to notice areas which at one time supported highly
successful and civilized populations are either deserts or they have
reverted to jungle...
The reason is quite simple: they
over-exploited their natural resources and they paid the price.
naive to think that we can escape the same fate for very much longer. We
are only managing to put off the evil hour by frantically digging up and
using mineral resources that can never be renewed. As if that were not
enough, we are polluting the atmosphere, the land and the waters with
every kind of noxious substance. The "greenhouse effect" alone could
well have devastating consequences for all life on earth.
This is a reflection of the duality of man's brain. The left brain
produces the reasonable answers after objective scientific research,
while the right brain prefers the acceptable and the emotionally
How often do people say,
"That may be so, but I
prefer to 'believe' or I like to believe... this, that or the other"?
The duality of the brain has created great problems for modern man... It
is... significant that successful engineering makes money.
This is in
stark contrast to the super-natural, whether it is religious or
mythological. In the latter cases the truth may be equally certain, but
it is not verifiable, and the outcome of following rules is seldom
predictable. It is, of course, possible to exploit magic and mythology
commercially, but it could hardly be described as a manufacturing
There is an understandable public pressure for schools and colleges to
concentrate on utilitarian subjects to the exclusion of cultural and
aesthetic development. In other words, the development of the left brain
is given a great deal more attention than that of the right brain....
The trouble is that neglect of the development of the right brain leaves
it in a state of vacuum...
This means that the right brain is ready to
absorb the first plausible ideas it happens across. The occult, obscure
religious rites, parapsychology, astrology and similar attractive but
irrational notions are sucked into the vacant space without any
discrimination or critical faculty... I also suspect that the use of
drugs might be seen as a substitute, or short cut, to filling the vacuum
of the right brain...
I mention all this because man's attitude to nature is partly a function
of the left brain and partly a function of the right brain. It is easy
enough to encourage an emotional concern for nature and the living
Everyone can comprehend the idea of cruelty, very few can
comprehend the extinction of a species.
instinct and reason'
Fawley Foundation Lecture.
Southampton University, Nov. 24,1967.
The conflict between instinct and reason has reached a critical stage in
man's affairs, largely because the explosion of facts has revealed the
instincts for what they are and at the same time it has undermined
traditional philosophies and ideologies.
The explosion of facts has effectively altered
mankind's physical and intellectual environment and when any environment
changes, the process of natural selection is brutal and merciless.
"Adapt or die" is as true today as it was in the
Introduction to "Exploitation of the Natural System"
section o/Down to Earth
by HRHPrince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh,
It took about three and a half billion years for life on earth to reach
the state of complexity and diversity that our ancestors knew as
recently as 200 years ago. It has only taken industrial and scientific
man those 200 years to put at risk the whole of the world's natural
system. It has been estimated that by the year 2000, some 300,000
species of plants and animals will have become extinct, and that the
natural economy, upon which all life depends, will have been seriously
Prince Philip, founder
and international president of
the World Wildlife Fund,
pagan and mass murderer.
The paradox is that this will have been
achieved with the best possible intentions.
The human population must be
properly fed, human life must be preserved and human existence must be
made safer and more comfortable. All these things are obviously highly
desirable, but if their achievement means putting the survival of future
generations at risk, then there is a pressing obligation on present
generations to apply some measure of self-restraint.
Address to Edinburgh University Union
Nov. 24 1969.
We talk about over- and underdeveloped countries; I think a more exact
division might be between underdeveloped and overpopulated. The more
people there are, the more industry and more waste and the more sewage
there is, and therefore the more pollution.
The Fairfield Osborne Lecture
New York, Oct. 1, 1980
If the world pollution situation is not critical at the moment, it is as
certain as anything can be that the situation will become increasingly
intolerable within a very short time. The situation can be controlled,
and even reversed; but it demands cooperation on a scale and intensity
beyond anything achieved so far.
I realize that there are vital causes to be fought for, and I sympathize
with people who work up a passionate concern about the all too many
examples of inhumanity, injustice, and unfairness; but behind all this
hangs a deadly cloud. Still largely unnoticed and unrecognized, the
process of destroying our natural environment is gathering speed and
If we fail to cope with the challenge, the other problems
will pale into insignificance.
Introduction to "The Population Factor"
section o/Down to Earth by HRH Prince
Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, 1988
What has been described as the "balance of
nature" is simply nature's system of self-limitation. Fertility and
'Nicky' Arundel and the 'Get
LaRouche' task force
The Hunt Country of Middleburg, Virginia is the home-away-from-home for many
of the British elite. Modeled on the mansions of the English countryside,
the huge estates are home to some of the wealthiest and most powerful
Middleburg residents welcomed the Duke and Duchess of
Windsor in 1941, after he was forced to abdicate the throne for their
unswerving allegiance to Adolf Hitler.
Support for the Windsors' genocidal
population policy is maintained today by numerous American members and
financial activists in the 1001 Club and the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)
who make Middleburg and the surrounding countryside their home.
Prominent in this apparatus is Arthur Windsor "Nicky"
Arundel, a newspaper
publisher and key member of the task force that railroaded Lyndon LaRouche
into prison on trumped-up charges. Trained as a propaganda specialist for
the CIA in Vietnam in the 1950s, Arundel used the Loudoun Times-Mirror, one
of several Hunt Country weeklies owned by him, to retail phony "evidence"
against LaRouche and to propagandize for his prosecution.
Arundel founded the African Wildlife Leadership Foundation, of Nairobi,
Kenya and Washington, D.C. along with former OSS and CIA hand Kermit
Roosevelt and WWF Chairman Russell Train, whose cousin, investment banker
John Train, ran the New York salon that targeted LaRouche for prosecution.
The Arundel family's Wildcat Foundation funds the World Wide Fund for Nature
and the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural
Resources. Arundel's sister Jocelyn Arundel Sladen, who was the IUCN liaison
to the United States and an intimate of Sir Julian Huxley in the 1950s, is a
member of its board of directors.
Marjorie S. Arundel, the mother of Arthur
and Jocelyn, was a member of the National Council of the World Wildlife
Fund, success create the surpluses after allowing for the replacement of the
losses. Predation, climatic variation, disease, starvation - and in the case
of the inappropriately named Homo sapiens, wars and terrorism - are the
principal means by which population numbers are kept under some sort of
Viewed dispassionately, it must be obvious that the world's human
population has grown to such a size that it is threatening its own habitat;
and it has already succeeded in causing the extinction of large numbers of
wild plant and animal species. Some have simply been killed off.
quietly disappeared, as their habitats have been taken over or disturbed by
Humans are the greatest threat to survival
Interview with HRH Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh,
Dec. 21,1981 titled "Vanishing Breeds
Worry Prince Philip, But Not as Much as Overpopulation."
Q: What do you consider the leading threat
to the environment?
A: Human population growth is probably the single most serious long-term
threat to survival. We're in for a major disaster if it isn't curbed -
not just for the natural world, but | for the human world. The more
people there are, the more resources they'll consume, the more pollution
they'll create, the more fighting they will do. We have no option. If it
isn't controlled voluntarily, it will be controlled involuntarily by
an increase in disease, starvation and war.
Address to the Joint Meeting of the All-Party
on Population and Development and the
All-Party Conservation Committee in London, March 11,1987
I do believe... that human population pressure - the sheer number of
people on this planet - is the single most important cause of the
degradation of the natural environment, of the progressive extinction of
wild species of plants and animals, and of the destabilization of the
world's climatic and atmospheric systems.
The simple fact is that the human population of the world is consuming
natural renewable resources faster than it can regenerate, and the
process of exploitation is causing even further damage. If this is
already happening with a population of 4 billion, I ask you to imagine
what things will be like when the population reaches 6 and then 10
All this has been made possible by the industrial
revolution and the scientific explosion and it is spread around the
world by the new economic religion of development.
Address at the Salford University Degree
There may be disagreements about the time scale, but in principle there
can be little doubt that the population cannot go on increasing
indefinitely. Resources presently being used will not last for ever and
pollution in its broadest sense, unless severely checked, is bound to
increase with population and industrial activity.
Address to All-Party Conservation Committee in
I suspect that the single most important gift of progress to
conservation has been the development of human contraception techniques.
The survival of the 'most important'
Interview with HRH Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh,
in People magazine
Dec. 21, 1981 titled "Vanishing Breeds
Worry Prince Philip, But Not as Much as Overpopulation.
Q: Is birth control part of the solution?
A: Yes, but you can't legislate these problems away. You've got to get
people to understand the need for it: the more important people, the
ones who have responsibilities have got to do it because they're at the
receiving end. They've got to accept the measures.
The Chancellor's Lecture, Stanford University
As long ago as 1798, Malthus explained what happens when the factors
limiting the increase in any population are removed. One of the factors
noticed by Darwin was that all species are capable of producing vastly
greater populations than can be sustained by existing resources;
populations did not increase at the rate at which they are capable was
the basis for his theory of Evolution by Natural Selection.
The relevance to natural selection of this capacity for overproduction
is that as each individual is slightly different to all the others it is
probable that under natural conditions those individuals which happen to
be best adapted to the prevailing circumstances have a better chance of
Well, so what? Well, take a look at the figures for the human
population of this world.
One hundred fifty years ago it stood at about
1,000 million or in common parlance today, 1 billion. It then took about
a 100 years to double to 2 billion. It took 30 years to add the third
billion and 15 years to reach today's total of 4.4 billion. With a
present world average rate of growth of 1.8%, the total population by
the year 2000 will have increased to an estimated 6 billion and in that
and in subsequent years 100 million people will be added to the world
population each year. In fact it could be as much as 16 billion by 2045.
As a consequence the demand on resources of land alone will mean a third
less farm land available and the destruction of half of the present area
of productive tropical forest. Bearing in mind the constant reduction of
non-renewable resources, there is a strong possibility of growing
scarcity and reduction of standards. More people consume more resources.
It is as simple as that; and transferring resources and standards from
the richer to the poorer countries can only have a marginal effect in
the face of this massive increase in the world population.
Speech at the Margaret Pyke Memorial Trust
Dinner in London
Dec. 14 1983.
So long as they [birth control]... remained taboo subjects the chances
of making any impression on the human population explosion were that
much more remote.
In the introduction to the IUCN Red Data Books which list all animals
and plants under threat of extinction, it says that virtually everywhere
the major threat to a wild species is loss of habitat to a rapidly
increasing human population requiring more space in order to build
villages and cities and grow more food.
But starvation and poverty
cannot be eradicated solely by increased food and resources at the
expense of what remains of the natural world. Any increase in the
provision of food and resources must be accompanied by a drastic
reduction in the rate of increase in the human population.
Address on Receiving Honorary Degree from the
University of Western Ontario
Canada, July 1,1983.
The industrial revolution sparked the scientific revolution and brought
in its wake better public hygiene, better medical care and yet more
efficient agriculture. The consequence was a population explosion which
still continues today.
The sad fact is that, instead of the same number of people being very
much better off, more than twice as many people are just as badly off as
they were before. Unfortunately all this well-intentioned development
has resulted in an ecological disaster of immense proportions.
The Chancellor's Lecture, Salford University
June 4, 1982.
The object of the WWF is to "conserve" the system as a whole; not to
prevent the killing of individual animals. Those who are concerned about
their conservation of nature accept that all species are prey to some
other species. They accept that most species produce a surplus that is
capable of being culled without in any way threatening the survival of
the species as a whole.
A Question of Balance
by HRH Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
Michael Russel (Publishing) Ltd., 1982.
It is curious how many philosophers from Plato to Keynes' time have
believed in and advocated the control of society by "philosopher kings."
According to Plato,
"its kings must be those who have shown the greatest
ability in philosophy," but - realistically - he added, "and the
greatest aptitude for war."
Such people may exist in the imagination and
occasionally someone with the necessary qualities may briefly dominate
the stage of history, but it is a naive appreciation of human nature to
imagine that such processed paragons can be invested with the necessary
powers and not be tempted to take advantage of their situation.
World Wide Fund for Nature commits
genocide in Africa
by Linda de Hoyos
On Aug. 31, as U. S. troops and relief workers were fighting a losing battle
against cholera, dysentery, and starvation among 1 million Rwandan refugees
- one half of them children - in eastern Zaire, the New York Times editorial
called upon Americans to ponder the fate of Rwanda's gorilla population:
"For the moment... Rwanda's gorillas have
escaped harm, which is splendid news. Still, the widespread sigh of
relief will be muted. Amid so ghastly a human catastrophe in Rwanda, one
may feel an uneasy twinge of guilt in worrying about the fate of
"In truth," says the Times, striking a Darwinian posture,
"all living things are bound together in this calamity, and gorillas are
a small evolutionary link away from Homo sapiens... Fortunately, a
census has accounted for all but two of the creatures whose passing
would now be almost like a death in the family."
This concern for 650 gorillas is one indication
of the extent to which Prince Philip's psychotic confusion of animals with
human beings has permeated society.
The Times editorial failed to mention that the
gorilla home, Virunga Mountain Park, also gave refuge to the guerrillas of
the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), who have been waging war on Rwanda since
October 1990, with full financing and backing of Ugandan President Yoweri
Museveni and his puppet-mistress, Lady Lynda Chalker, British Minister of
The double-use of the park as wild animal
reserve and as sanctuary to a British-owned insurgency goes to the heart
of the British royal family's grand strategy for Africa.
segregation of large tracts of land as "national parks," "game reserves,"
"ecological reserves," has led to untold slaughter of humans and
animals throughout Africa.
Today, game reserves and national parks
occupy 1,988,168 square kilometers of sub-Saharan Africa - 8.2% of the land
area, an extent five times the size of California and eight times the size of the United Kingdom.
countries, like Mauritania, have been relatively unscathed by the park
plague, Tanzania has 40% of its land locked in "parks" (not all shown on
As in Rwanda, the parks have multiple purposes:
Taking huge tracts of land out of
circulation for economic productive purposes. Although the United
Nations magazine Choices predicts that "by the year 2000 nearly half
the country of Zimbabwe will be raising its cash from wildlife," the
creation of such parks is one of the biggest land-clearing
operations since Genghis Khan leveled Central Asia in the thirteenth
As one British source put it:
"When the British wished to
keep people out of an area, they tended to make it into a game
reserve, which gave them a raison d'etre. 'This is a game reserve,
so you can't be here.' "
Over 17% of the land of tiny Rwanda is
locked up in such reserves.
While taking land out of circulation for
development, the reserves often squat on land that has potentially
wealthy yields of strategic resources. For example, the border-area
parks of Niger cover an undeveloped uranium field.
Park administration by extra-national
agencies such as the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is a direct
assault on national sovereignty. Under the guise of fighting
poachers, administration often involves paramilitary forces.
function of the national park is to keep control of that land out of
the hands of the local government," one expert informed EIR. "The
national park is governed by a board of trustees, at least they
originally were... These were autarchies controlled by white
conservationists, all of whom were military people."
countries in Africa - Cameroon, Zaire, the Ivory Coast, Kenya, and
Zambia - the WWF administers at least one park.
In five other
countries, the parks are administered by agencies such as the U.N.
Development Program, the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization, or
the International Union for the Conservation of Nature.
The parks are safe havens and staging
grounds for insurgencies of all stripes. As documented below, many
reserves and parks straddle borders, with the parks functioning as
"militarized zones." Prince Philip's WWF was administering the
gorilla program in the Virunga park, while the RPF was using the
Virunga to maraud Rwanda.
In fact, RPF-sponsor Uganda has been
profiting from the dislocation of the gorillas caused by the RPF
operations. According to Africa Analysis, the RPF invasion had sent
Rwanda's gorillas running to Uganda, giving Museveni the opportunity
to launch his own "eco-tourism program."
Without the safe havens,
provided by the royal family's park system, the protracted civil and
border wars afflicting Africa since the 1970s would have been
Mourning the tsetse fly
The parks have wreaked havoc with the
economies and ecologies of Africa.
The park system decreased the total
energy throughput in the entire ecological system, leading to the
proliferation of parasites and disease. This degradation of the human
environment has aided in causing the conditions under which new diseases -
AIDS - are now coursing through a depleted population.
The case of the tsetse fly proves the point. African tribesmen had long kept
the tsetse fly - which carries the deadly disease
sleeping sickness - in check through extensive cultivation and bush
clearance. The tribesmen understood that the fly lived off wild game,
particularly antelope. For this reason, many tribal chiefs opposed the
creation of the parks, and the related ban on hunting, as a threat to their
In 1892, the Zulu protested that the rise of cattle sleeping sickness was
due to the increase of large game under the protection afforded by the
This theory was proven in 1894 by Dr. David Bruce, who then
fought for a change in policy, with limited success. In the area run by the
British South Africa Company, colonial authorities suspended game laws and
began the elimination of game in an effort to stop the disease. The change
brought protest from the Society for the Preservation of Fauna of the
Dr. George Prentice, a medical missionary, denounced the
conservation movement to the British Colonial Office:
"I hold that those who
are responsible for the game laws are responsible for the presence of the
tsetse, and that victims of Trypanosomiasis are martyrs to the foolish
policy of game protection. Any official, high or low, or any member of the
Society for the Preservation of Fauna who, in the face of known facts,
asserts the contrary, may prove the sincerity of his assertion by allowing
us to experiment upon him with our local forms of tsetse."
By 1925, some 22,000 square miles of southern Rhodesia were fly-infested.
Panic forced a policy of game control in areas near colonial activity. In
African-inhabited areas, the ban against hunting was enforced.
Today, according to the admissions of Lee and Gerry Durrell, writing for the
Conservation Monitoring Center at Cambridge, England, an entity financed by
"blood-sucking tsetse flies inhabit 10 million square kilometers of
tropical Africa, in a wide band across the continent that takes in 34
The authors bemoan modern-day spraying methods which have
rendered new areas tsetse-free.
"the tsetse-free areas are growing
so fast that... there is a real possibility that the spread of livestock
onto marginal land will become a threat to wildlife.... The eradication of
the tsetse fly may be Africa's misfortune."
Or, as Bruce Kinloch, chief park ranger for Tanzania, Malawi, and Uganda,
mourns the decline of the tstse:
"The tsetse had long discouraged the often
destructive and frequently wasteful use by humans of extensive regions of
scenically beautiful, unspoilt wilderness, the natural home of the great
Vector spraying in the national parks is strictly forbidden.
has been on the rise since the mid-1980s, especially in Lady Lynda Chalker's
The African parks were
created as a cover for destabilization
by Joseph Brewda
Examining a map of Africa which outlines the national park systems, is a
most instructive experience.
The sheer size of these parks and park
complexes is striking. South Africa's Kruger park, for example, is the size
of the state of Massachusetts, while the vast park complex of Zambia is
larger than Great Britain. What is also striking is the fact that a high
percentage of Africa's parks and reserves are sited on national borders. In
many cases, these parks come together to form binational and trinational
parks that straddle these borders.
These parks are not located in such border regions for aesthetic purposes.
Unlike Europe, for example, where most borders are naturally demarcated by
often beautiful mountain ranges and rivers, the boundaries of Africa's
states were arbitrarily drawn by the European powers at their imperial
conferences. There is nothing particularly singular on the borders of these
states that might not be found in the interior.
The placement of parks in
such regions has a different purpose: mass murder and the destabilization of
Who set up the park movement?
There were two distinct phases in the
national park and game reserve movement in imperial Africa.
In the first
phase, the preservation phase, access to hunting was restricted to the white
colonial elite, allegedly to preserve dwindling stocks of favored game.
Colonial authorities often evicted native populations from their forest and
pasture lands, in order to establish "game reserves," while restricting the
native populations from hunting. This policy was a parody of what had been
the practice in medieval Europe.
As far back as 1130, the Norman lords of
England had classified certain lands as forest reserves, where only the king
and his delegated officers could hunt.
The second phase, which took off after World War II, was the conservation
phase, in which hunting was increasingly forbidden to everyone and the
ritualized hunting obsession of the colonial elite was gradually replaced by
a Gaia-worshipping "ecological consciousness."
The "national park" replaced
the "game reserve," and the camera largely replaced the carbine.
There were various regulations restricting access to game in Africa dating
as far back as the Dutch colonial decrees in the Cape in 1657. But the
movement to lock up vast tracts of land as reserves only began in earnest in
1896 under the leadership of British Foreign Secretary and Prime Minister
the Marquess of Salisbury, when he called for the introduction of checks on
hunting throughout British Africa. In 1900, Salisbury convened a conference
of the European imperial powers on the issue in London.
The conference's agreements virtually eliminated the native ability to hunt,
even outside the reserves, by outlawing the use of traditional snares and
pitfalls as "inhumane." At the same time, it reaffirmed an earlier joint
agreement among the British, French, German, and Portuguese colonies'
authorities banning the native use of the firearm.
The Society for the Preservation of Fauna in the Empire, which later spawned
the World Wildlife Fund, was formed to ensure that the 1900 convention was
From the beginning, the society, affectionately known as "the
Fauna," was associated with the British Museum, specifically the Natural
History division that had been created by Charles Darwin's "bulldog,"
In 1933, another conference, following up the 1900 conference, was convened
in London. The British delegation was led by the Earl of Onslow, who was
also the head of the Fauna. The most important result of the conference was
a provision for the establishment of national parks in Africa. The enabling
legislation of most countries' game parks in Africa today, dates back to
colonial decrees enacted in the aftermath of the 1933 conference.
The national parks and reserves constituted by the 1900 and 1933 agreements
legally established internal frontiers within the African colonies that
could not be crossed by the native population, on the pretext of protecting
These internal frontiers, forming colonial enclaves, continued in
effect after the colonies gained independence.
The Kruger precedent
The first reserves in Africa predated
the 1900 London conference.
They were created by South African President
Paul Kruger in 1889. One of the reserves was the Sabi reserve, now Kruger
park, which was created along the border with the Portuguese colony of
Kruger created the parks, but the Boer War between Britain and the
Afrikaners intervened. In the process, the park region was subjected to a
brutal campaign by Lord Kitchener in which crops were destroyed, cattle
butchered, and wildlife killed, in order to deny the Boers food.
This "ecological warfare" left the region
Southern Africa protected areas and insurgency
* See above for definitions of protected areas and sources.
KEY TO MAP 4
Zambia was the
forward base of operations and safe haven for all the
"liberation movements" operating in southern Africa contesting
white minority or colonial rule in the 1960s, 70s, and'80s.
The Angolan UNITA (National Union for the Total Independence of
Angola) and the MPLA (Popular Movement of the Liberation of
Angola) were both based in the huge Zambian park complex that
borders Angola, specifically the West Zambezi game management
area 1, in the 1960s and 1970s. The park was used as a
safe-haven and point of infiltration of Angola. After the
abandonment of colonial rule in 1975 and the coming to power of
the MPLA, UNITA continued to use the park as the base for its
17-year civil war with the MPLA government.
The Namibian SWAPO was based in the Sioma Ngwezi national park
2, contiguous with the West Zambezi game management area.
The ANC of South Africa was based just east of the Sioma Ngwezi
national park 3. There was another ANC base just east of the
Mosi-pa-Tunya national park 4, on the border with Rhodesia.
The ZANU and ZAPU (Zimbabwean liberation movements) were also
based just east of the Mosi-pa-Tunya park in the same area as
the ANC 4. ZANU later set up a base over the border in
Mozambique, opposite Zambia's Lower Zambezi park 6.
The Frelimo (of Mozambique) had a base of operations in Zambia's
Luana and West Petauke park, contiguous with the Lower Zambezi
the period of white minority rule, Rhodesia's Ghonarezhou Game
Reserve, which borders Mozambique 7, was the base from which the
Selous Scouts, an irregular formation put together by the top
ecologist of the Rhodesian park system, launched raids into
Zambia and Mozambique.
Following the creation of Zimbabwe in 1980, the park continued
to be used as a military base, but this time to block Renamo's
raids. Renamo is an insurgent movement operating primarily
against Mozambique that was created by the former head of
In 1984, the Zimbabwe parks department created Operation
Stronghold (with WWF funding), allegedly to stop rhino poaching.
A least 145 "poachers" were killed, reportedly including
officers of the ANC military wing.
safe-haven; reportedly trained there by the World Wildlife
Fund's Operation Lock. Similar training is being used to create
a civil war in South Africa through "black on black" terrorism.
Renamo's HQ is at Phalambora, one mile from the gate of Kruger
national park, which borders Mozambique 8. The park is also
Renamo's training area.
Kruger is bordered by several privately administered game parks
which have also reportedly been used for Renamo training and
safe-haven, including the Bongani Mountain Lodge, the Kapama
Game reserve, the Timbavati Nature reserve, and the Sabi-Sand
Renamo also has a base in Ndumu park on the border with
Mozambique 9; in the Muzuli reserve in Natal; and in the parks
of the former KaNgwane homeland.
Reportedly, the Maputoland game reserve 10 and the Mkuze game
park 11 in Kwazulu, have also been used as bases for launching
"black on black," so-called "Third force" terrorism, intended to
provoke tribal war throughout South Africa.
"crowbar squad," allegedly trained to counter poaching in
Namibia's Etosha park 12, was later used to run black-on-black
killings in South Africa.
The East Germans
trained the Cubans at the Bicuan and Mupa national parks during
the late 1960s and early 1970s 13, to help the MPLA government
counter UNITA forces. The East Germans also trained the West
German Baader Meinhof terrorists there.
The vast complex of parks straddling the borders of southern African
countries is growing. According to understated IUCN figures, already
30% of Zambia; 13% of Zimbabwe; 17% of Botswana; 6% of Angola; 13%
of Namibia; 9% of Mozambique; and 5% of South Africa is locked up in
national parks and game reserves.
These existing parks are
arrayed in large complexes which often cross several borders,
constituting huge transnational park complexes outside the control
of any government. The total land area of the contiguous park system
of Zambia, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, and Angola is 259,000 sq km,
slightly larger than the United Kingdom.
Farther south we see the Kruger national park of South Africa
bordering Mozambique, 20,000 sq km by itself, about the size of
There are two vast new additions to this overall system being
planned: a huge complex in Mozambique across the border from South
Africa Kruger's park A, and a massive expansion of Botswana's park
system B. The Republic of South Africa is now negotiating with
Mozambique to integrate their border park systems into a single
The WWF is negotiating with Mozambique to
privatize its park system, making this South African takeover
In 1902, the park was reestablished by Britain's
Lord Milner, an associate of African empire-builder Cecil Rhodes, after
South Africa became a British colony. The park's first warden, Maj. James
Stevenson-Hamilton, had seen active duty in the Boer War in 6th Dragoon
Lord Milner instructed him to clean up the park
of "kaffirs" and white shareholders, and to "make himself thoroughly
unpleasant to everyone."
Over the next 45 years, until his retirement in 1946, Stevenson-Hamilton
carried out these instructions ruthlessly, clearing 11,000 square miles of
countryside of its original inhabitants and implementing a military
Even those natives who were not evicted had to
leave, as hunting had been their major source of meat; they poured into the
cities and mines, where they became virtual slave labor for the new British
regime. As a result of this policy, the major earned the epithet "skukuza"
("he who sweeps clean"). The headquarters, Skukuza, of Kruger park today is
named in his honor.
Stevenson-Hamilton's system of warfare against the native population, in the
guise of wildlife protection, in which he and his game wardens constituted
themselves as virtual dictators, was explicitly cited as the basis of all
subsequent national parks policy in Britain's African colonies by Col.
Mervyn Cowie, who created the first colonial park in Kenya in 1946. Cowie
ran the parks system there for 20 years.
On his retirement, he reported how
he had confiscated tens of thousands of square miles of land from the native
inhabitants, implemented a mass-resettlement scheme, and turned native
property into 30 parks.
"I copied every idea in StevensonHamilton's book
South African Eden," which lays out his system, he reported.
The Mail Mau model for genocide
From 1952 to 1960, the British
colonial authorities in Kenya, led by park warden Colonel Cowie, oversaw a
state of emergency allegedly dedicated to combating a native revolution.
The methods employed against the Kenyan people under the guise of
this alleged revolution became the model for all subsequent British efforts
to destabilize the continent, and, as in Kenya, these destabilization
efforts continue to be run out of the game parks.
The supposed focus of this Kenyan revolutionary conspiracy was the Mau Mau,
an alleged secret society within the Kikuyu tribe, the largest and then
dominant tribe of the colony.
The existence of the Mau Mau had been
discovered by anthropologist and British agent Louis Leakey. As far back as
the 1930s, Leakey ad done a 1 million-word study of the Kikuyu for British
Allegedly to combat this conspiracy, the colonial authorities forced the
mass resettlement of Kikuyu and other peoples from their lands and, in their
efforts to crush the conspiracy, burnt down whole forests. This assault was
largely led by the paramilitary personnel of the game park system
established by Cowie.
The Mau Mau conspiracy proved to be a strange one.
Whereas only 22 whites
were killed in the insurrection, an estimated 18-30,000 natives were killed,
primarily in fighting among Kikuyu factions and with other tribes.
Agriculture in the white regions was untouched, and the Mau Mau failed to
even attack the vulnerable transportation network or any key facility in the
Col. Frank Kitson, in his 1960 book Gangs and Counter-gangs, revealed that
the British were leading large-scale Mau Mau units, and that many (if not
all) Mau Mau units were synthetically created by the colonial authorities.
Through orchestrating violence between their "gangs" and "counter-gangs," the
British ensured that only native slaughter, and not revolution, would
The Mau Mau gangs and counter-gangs were directed by Gen. Sir George Erskine,
who had been responsible for civilian food distribution in occupied postwar
Germany. Erskine was aided by Colonel Cowie, the manager of the parks
system, and Bill Woodley, his intelligence chief who largely developed the
gang-countergang doctrine described by Kit-son and later systematically
applied throughout Africa.
Cowie, Woodley, and Leakey were veterans of the World War II Kenya regiment,
whose top intelligence officer, Charles Pittman, was the chief warden of the
Ugandan park system.
The Kenyan regiment was an elite unit within the
British Commonwealth Armies in Africa, commanded by Gen. Jan Smuts, who was
also the President of the British Union of South Africa. Smuts had once
called for creating a single park system stretching from Kenya to South
Several of Woodley's subordinates later found work in Kenya's game parks
after the emergency, including Stan Bleazard, who took over the Marsabit
National Reserve, and Maj. Temple Boreham, who became chief warden at Masai
Mara park. David Sheldrick, a former Kenyan regiment intelligence officer
who had served directly under Pittman, took over "anti-poaching" operations
in Tsavo elephant park.
Woodley himself became chief warden at Aberdares
Mountain park, while Cowie remained in charge of the entire Kenya park
system until the 1960s.
Guerrillas in the mist
In the 1960s, the British initiated
their "winds of change" policy, whereby the peoples of Africa achieved
"The wind of change is blowing throughout the
continent," visiting Prime Minister Harold Macmillan said in Cape Town,
South Africa in 1960. "Whether we like it or not this growth of national
consciousness is a political fact. Our national policies must take account
Within five years, most of British Africa was nominally decolonized, and an
often bewildered native comprador class was elevated to become the new
But while the British flag was lowered in one colony after
another, much of the old colonial apparatus remained, with key posts in the
ministries continuing to be staffed by British nationals.
Nowhere was this more evident than in the parks system, which, by the time
of independence, locked up upwards of 20% of the African colonies' lands.
The chief game wardens, park police chiefs, and the parks department staff
largely continued to be British nationals.
Moreover, in a malicious
innovation, increasingly large numbers of these parks, and in some cases the
entire parks system, were put under the control of private non-governmental
organizations, managed by international boards of trustees outside the
oversight of the government.
Today, the parks systems of Kenya, Tanzania,
and Zaire are privately managed by international boards of trustees. Until
1992, Louis Leakey's son, Richard Leakey, was the chairman of the private
"Kenya Wildlife Services" which runs Kenya's parks.
When Tanzanian President Julius Nyerere proclaimed in his 1961 "Arusha
Declaration" that the peoples of Africa would preserve the national parks
bequeathed to them in perpetuity, he was admitting that the existence of
these colonial enclaves would go unchallenged. Some 40%. of the land area of
Tanzania today is locked up in its national park system, administered by the
"Tanzania National Parks" nongovernmental organization.
These parks, following the Mau Mau precedent, continue to be the
headquarters, training sites, and safe havens of the gang-counter-gangs. On
the one hand, these parks have been the centers of nominally "anti-western"
Warsaw Pact-linked subversion targeting white minority or colonial rule.
the other hand, they have been the center of "pro-western" efforts to
overthrow alleged Soviet client states radiating revolution throughout the
Beginning in 1961, the Zimbabwe Peoples
Union (ZAPU), and two years later, the rival Zimbabwe African National
Union (ZANU), conducted a guerrilla war to overthrow the white
minority-ruled Rhodesian regime.
The Rhodesian effort to crush the
insurgency was carried out by the Rhodesian Army, and its irregular
guerrilla formation, the Selous Scouts.
ZANU and ZAPU cadre were trained by Russian KGB instructors at the
British-created Queen Elizabeth park and Gorilla park in Uganda. ZAPU
was also trained by Chinese military instructors at the Serengeti and
Ruana national parks of Tanzania.
The ZANU and ZAPU forward bases of
operation against Rhodesia were in Zambia, just outside the Mosipa-Tunya
park, and also in the Lower Zambezi park.
East African protected areas and insurgency
* See page 24 for definitions of protected areas and sources.
KEY TO MAP 5
remaining stronghold of the Sudanese People's Liberation
Army (SPLA) in Sudan is in the town of Nimuli, on the border
with Uganda. This stronghold is supplied out of adjacent
Nimuli national park 1 on the Sudanese border with Uganda.
It is also supplied out of the Kidepo valley national park 2
in nearby northern Uganda. Kidepo park is also the SPLA
command and training center. Ugandan army personnel often
serve as officers of the SPLA.
Since at least the 1960s, several Uganda governments have
used Kidepo park as a base for subversive operations in
The park was created in 1962, over the protests of local
conservationists who argued that the siting of the park was
unreasonable; some claim that the only reason the park was
created was to aid British subversion of Sudan which became
independent in 1956. World Wildlife Fund founder Peter Scott
was also the long-time chairman of the Ugandan National
Uganda and Zaire:
During the late 1960s and 1970s, the Soviet KGB trained
various of the "liberation movements" of southern Africa in
national parks in Uganda and Zaire. Among the movements were
Zimbabwe People's Union (ZAPU), and it split-away, the
Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU); the South African
National Congress (ANC), and its split-away, the Pan-Africanist
The parks used for Soviet training were part of the complex
of contiguous national parks in western Uganda and eastern
Zaire including the Virunga park in Zaire 3, the Queen
Elizabeth park complex 4 in Uganda, and the nearby Gorilla
park 5 in Uganda - parks which were later used in the Uganda
invasion of Rwanda in 1990 and 1994.
military carried out extensive terrorist training projects
in Tanzania in the 1960s and 70s, including training of the ZAPU, ANC, and PAC. Training was conducted in the
British-administered Serengeti National Park, particularly
in the Ngorongoro Crater area 6 which is also a major site
of World Wildlife Fund operations. These same groups were
also trained at the British-administered Ruana National Park
and then South African-based, Mozambique National Resistance
(known as Renamo) had rest and training camps in the Galana
area which abuts Tsavo park 7. Renamo had originally been
created by the Rhodesian intelligence service, after
Portugal achieved its independence.
at Kruger National Park in South Africa.
The park is
the size of the state of Massachusetts;
in 1902, it
was brutally cleared of its non-white inhabitants to turn it
into a game preserve for the oligarchy.
is being continued by Prince Philip's "conservation"- groups
The decades-long President of Zambia,
Kenneth Kaunda, has been one of the more important British agents in
southern Africa. The Selous Scouts, the Rhodesian opponents of ZANU and
ZAPU, were mustered by the chief ecologist of the Rhodesian park system.
In 1980, ZANU chief Robert Mugabe became head of state of the newly
created Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia). But even after black majority rule
was established, the civil war continued. The fleeing Rhodesian elite
largely emigrated to neighboring South Africa.
The Mozambique National Resistance (Renamo), which had earlier been
created by Rhodesian intelligence to destabilize Mozambique after its
independence from Portugal, was now deployed against Zimbabwe. The
headquarters of Renamo is one mile from South Africa's Kruger park; it
was trained in South African regional parks in Natal, and in the parks
of the nearby KaNgwane homeland.
In 1984, the Zimbabwe Department of National Parks and Wildlife
Management began an anti-poaching campaign with WWF support, which has
killed at least 145 "poachers" since that time.
At least some of these
poachers are said to have been leaders of the rival African National
Congress military wing.
In 1956, the Popular Movement for the
Liberation of Angola (MPLA) was formed to overthrow Portuguese colonial
rule. In 1966, its rival, the National Union for the Total Independence
of Angola (UNITA), was also formed.
A waterhole at Kruger National Park in South Africa. The park is the size
of the state of Massachusetts; in 1902, it was brutally cleared of its
non-white inhabitants to turn it into a game preserve for the oligarchy.
That policy is being continued by Prince Philip's "conservation"- groups
A civil war against foreign rule began. Following the evacuation of
Portuguese forces in 1975, the conflict continued, but this time between
the new MPLA government and UNITA.
The civil war continued for another 17 years.
The MPLA and UNITA were headquartered in the West Zambezi game
management area in Kaunda's Zambia during the period of Portuguese
After the MPLA took over the Angolan government, UNITA continued to be
based in the same park. Meanwhile, Cuban troops were invited into Angola
to defend Angola from UNITA.
These Cuban troops, and the MPLA, were
trained by the East German Stasi at Bicuan and Mupa national parks. (The
West German Baader-Meinhof gang was also trained in the same parks.)
The Mozambique Liberation Front (Frelimo)
was formed in 1962 to overthrow Portuguese rule in Mozambique.
It was headquartered in Luana and West
Petauke national parks in Zambia; it also received training from Russian
instructors in the park systems of Uganda. In 1975, the Portuguese left
and Frelimo formed a government. But the civil war continued, this time
under the guise of a struggle between the Frelimo government and Renamo,
now based in South Africa's Kruger park.
Reportedly, at least one of the major
factions of Renamo has been trained by WWF personnel with the aid of
British Special Air Services founder Col. David Stirling, who had been a
close associate of Mau Mau controller and Kenyan Parks department
director Col. Mervyn Cowie since the 1940s.
The oligarchs' real game is
killing animals and killing people
by Allen Douglas
"Crack! The rifle shot hits its target, and
a mother rhino dies. Its little calf, now abandoned, is also condemned
to death. As another of our endangered species is pushed nearer to
extinction, the poachers' blood-lust grows."
- World Wildlife Fund circular of July
17, 1987 condemning the "proud men of the Middle East" for their
"criminal ignorant waste" of the rhino, because they use its carved horn
as handles for their ceremonial knives.
In January 1961, a few months before he would
launch the new "Noah's Ark," the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), to save the
world's endangered animal species, Prince Philip accompanied Queen Elizabeth
on a royal tour of India.
Among the attractions that one of his hosts, a
local Rajah in Jaipur, put on for the royal party was a tiger hunt. From a
platform high in the trees out of all danger, Philip shot one of the famed
Indian tigers, which had been lured by the tethered goats which the rajah
had staked out.
The photo of Philip standing proudly by his victim, nearly
10 feet long from nose to tail, caused a worldwide outcry.
Philip, president of the
World Wildlife Fund, on the left,
looking after a tiger just
Shaken, the royal consort continued his tour, arriving in Kathmandu with a
conspicuous bandage on his trigger finger, explaining that an injury would
prevent his participation in the king's "traditional hunt," which he would,
Philip and Elizabeth rode perched atop some of the
300 elephants which were used to flush the game, as the Queen whirred away
with her camera. Several tigers were killed that day, none officially
attributed to Philip. Nor did Philip receive official credit for another
animal killed that day, an exceedingly rare Indian rhinoceros. Only 250 were
then left in the world, after British tea planters had finished slaughtering
them to make way for their crop.
As the elephants lumbered on, a female rhino with an infant calf became
trapped within their closing circle. One of the royal party, Lord Alex
Douglas-Home, known as one of the finest shots in England, fired near the
animal in an attempt to scare it away.
But the rhino blundered on, into
"To everyone's horror, Philip shot it," Ian MacPhail, the
WWF's first international appeals director, later told a British film crew.
The dead rhino's terrified calf escaped by darting away through the
"It must have died as well. It was far too
young to have managed on its own."
The whole business was covered up, MacPhail explained, for plans were
already afoot to found the World Wildlife Fund.
"I was a party to the
cover-up," he told the film crew in 1990, believing that the greater good
was to save various animal species as a whole.
Reflecting on the WWF's utter
failure to do so over the three previous decades, he concluded:
"But with a
heavy heart I have to report to you that I was wrong. The rhino, the
elephant, and the panda missed the boat, and the new Noah's Ark sailed on
Philip's personal behavior has characterized that of his World Wildlife Fund
as a whole.
From 1961 until the present, the WWF has presided over, and in
many cases organized and financed, including the purchase of weapons, the
systematic slaughter and near extinction of the most prominent species under
its self-appointed control. And, under cover of concern for the animals, it
used substantial portions of the several hundred million dollars it has
raised to date, to finance the slaughter of human beings, in particular in
In the account to follow, it must be understood that the WWF was, from the
outset, the personal fiefdom of Philip, who oversaw its operations almost
down to the smallest detail.
Sir Peter Scott, a WWF founder and longtime
chairman, explained to EIR in an interview conducted in the early 1980s why
Prince Bernhard, rather than Philip, became the WWFInternational's first
"When we started WWF, a British president would have looked too
But, Scott emphasized, it was Philip, not his friend Prince
Bernhard, who was the driving force - testimony echoed by others in the WWF
Longtime Director General Charles de Haes told a journalist,
"Prince Philip is brilliant, he has a remarkable knowledge. He's been
involved with WWF since its founding in 1961. He's incredibly active. He
chairs all the executive committee meetings. He's involved right down to
every aspect of policy."
Added the WWF's Dr. Anne Schiotz,
"The Duke of
Edinburgh devotes perhaps one-fourth of his time to the WWF - he is
The WWF is best-known for its efforts to conserve four animal species, all
of which were in vastly better condition in 1961 than they are today. Two of
these, the panda and the African black rhinoceros, are near extinction,
andtwoothers, the African elephant and the Indian tiger, are rapidly heading
in that direction.
At numerous times during the past 33 years, the WWF has been made aware,
often through reports it has itself commissioned, of the approaching
extinction of various species. In each case, it has suppressed, sometimes
brutally so, the information.
Three of the more notorious instances include:
The "Black Ebur Report"
In 1972, WWF founder Sir Peter Scott
commissioned a Nairobi-based big game hunter, Ian Parker, to look into the
lucrative and burgeoning illegal trade in animal products such as elephant
tusks and rhino horn.
Among other things, Parker found that the family
of Kenyan President Jomo Kenyatta were notorious traders in illegal
products, and that his daughter Margaret was the secretary of a company
which sold rhino horns and elephant tusks to the Far East, a trade which had
probably done more to decimate Kenya's large animals than any other single
cause. Parker also named many of Kenya's most prominent "conservationists"
Within hours of turning his report over to Scott, Parker was picked up,
taken to the Kenyan Special Branch's notorious Langatta Road station, beaten
for three days and told to shut up about what he had written or his wife
would be killed.
The report, then the most comprehensive inquiry into
African wildlife slaughter ever conducted, remained suppressed until 17
years later, when Irish filmmaker Kevin Dowling unearthed it to use for his
scathing expose of the WWF, "Tenpence in the Panda," for Britain's
Independent Television network.
At almost the same time that Parker was being beaten, then WWF-International
President Prince Bernhard bestowed on Kenyatta his specially created "Order
of the Golden Ark," for "saving the rhino." Bernhard was well aware that
vast numbers of animals had disappeared during Kenyatta's tenure, because he
had received - even signed for - a copy of the Black Ebur Report.
When word leaked out that Bernhard possessed
this devastating report, WWF Director General de Haes claimed that this was
not a WWF corporate affair, that it was merely Bernhard's "private
The Phillipson Report
In late 1989, Oxford professor John Phillipson
completed his internal audit, commissioned by the WWF, of the organization's
Phillipson's 252-page report, excerpts of which are made
public here for the first time, was a scathing indictment of WWF's
outrageous incompetence and blundering, or worse. It concluded that what the
WWF had adopted as its special mission - saving individual species - was
what it was least good at.
Upon receiving a copy of the report, Philip
immediately sent a secret memo to Director General de Haes, directing that
Phillipson be urged to tone down his findings or, failing that, that the
report's key findings be suppressed.
Under this code name, in 1987, the WWF authorized a lavishly
funded "emergency effort to save the rhino." The premise of this extremely
secret operation was to organize infiltration, from a base in South Africa,
of the continent's wildlife smuggling rings in order to stop the animal slaughter. By all accounts, a vast amount of
information was gathered. Once again, nothing was done with it, except to
Of course, as many conservationists noted at the time, trying to stop
wildlife poaching "at the source" was a ridiculous proposition, akin to
trying to stop the world's drug trade by rounding up local pushers, while
leaving the bankers who finance the trade and launder its hundreds of
The center of trade in illegal wildlife products
was, as with the drag trade, the British Crown Colony of Hong Kong.
Saving the animals?
Let us review some of the WWF's most
highly publicized, as well as lucrative, efforts to save individual species.
Counter posing these efforts by what might seem
at first to be merely a gang that can't shoot straight, to the most
sensitive mission WWF has ever launched, Operation Lock, lays bare WWF's
At the time of its formation in November
1961, the WWF proclaimed that it had the answer to what it claimed
was the threatened extinction of many species: "There is only one
hope for them symbolized by the loveable giant panda. He was saved
from extinction because man acted in time. Now the panda is the
emblem of a world crusade to beat the 20th century death flood - the
World Wildlife Fund." , .
The WWF claimed that "scientific breeding" had saved the panda, an
approach which now must be applied to all other species. After
raising money off the symbolism of the cuddly mammal for 23 years,
the. WWF suddenly discovered that it, too, was an endangered
species. In 1987, Philip launched a new appeal for still more
millions to "save the panda."
The WWF's efforts, which included "relocating" thousands of poor
Chinese peasants out of their homes in the pandas' "range," and
building an expensive laboratory in an attempt to breed pandas, were
appraised by consultant Phillipson.
After noting that WWF had spent
4,493,021 Swiss francs on eight projects since 1980, Phillipson
"despite a staff of 43 (23 allegedly science-trained),
panda breeding has not been a success and research output
negligible.... The laboratories, equipped at a cost to WWF of SFr
0.53 million, are essentially non-functional. .. . A lack of proper
advice, inadequately trained staff, and poor direction have resulted
in a'moribund'laboratory.... The obvious conclusion must be that WWF
has not been effective or efficient in safeguarding its massive
investment.... WWF subscribers would be dismayed to learn that the
capital input has been virtually written off."
Finally, wrote Phillipson,
"It must be accepted that WWF activities
in China are largely in disarray.... The policy of widening WWF
involvement to cover other interests has, in my opinion, been
counterproductive and, in view of the virtual cessation of support
for all forms of panda research, amounts to an abrogation of responsibility for the much publicized 'Panda
After 30 years of raising money off the animal, Prince Philip was
forced to admit in 1990 that the panda was "probably doomed."
A study by noted animal population
ecologist E. Caughey in 1988 concluded that there were 3 million
elephants in Africa in the early 1950s. By all accounts, there was
little or no decline in elephant numbers during the colonial period,
that is, approximately up to the "Winds of Change" policy enunciated
by British Prime Minister Harold MacMillan in 1960, almost
contemporaneous with the founding of the WWF.
The first systematic
field survey, done in 1976 by the Scottish Kenya-based
conservationist Iain Douglas-Hamilton, found 1.3 million elephants
alive at the time.
Throughout the 1970s and most of the 1980s, the WWF stoutly
maintained that there was no "elephant crisis," fighting the efforts
of various conservationists to ban trading of the animals' valuable
ivory. By the time the "Year of the Elephant" was declared in
1988-89, the WWF maintained that there were 750,000 left, a number
that mounting evidence forced them to revise downward to 650,000.
However, a survey done in 1988 by the former WWF president in
France, Pierre Pfeffer, who was forced off the board, found that
there were only 400,000 left. That number has dropped still further,
till various experts interviewed in the 1989 British film "The
Elephant Man," spoke of the great beast's looming extinction.
Once again, the WWF had done its bit. In 1963, WWF-International
Chairman Peter Scott, in a report to the Ugandan Parks Board,
recommended the "culling" of 2,500 elephants. The job was contracted
to game hunter Ian Parker, who massacred 4,000 hippos while he was
Scott had recommended the slaughter on the malthusian premise
that "overpopulation" required the killing of many individuals in
order to "save the species." In reality, as it later emerged, Scott
wanted to create a valuable mahogany plantation in the forests where
the elephants fed, and they were in the way.
While Parker shot the elephants, WWF directors made a tidy profit
from the business. Scott tipped off fellow WWF founder and Prince
Philip's Extra Equerry, Lord Aubrey Buxton, that the slaughters were
to happen. Buxton, chairman of Survival Anglia, makers of some of
the world's leading "nature documentaries," and on whose board Scott
also sat, arranged to film the slaughter.
In the early 1970s, the bloody Ugandan dictator Idi Amin was
installed in power by British intelligence, and maintained there
until 1979. The British government watched benignly as Amin
slaughtered thousands and thousands more elephants.
Today, there are fewer elephants left in Uganda than Scott had
ordered Parker to kill in one drive.
In 1975, the African Wildlife Leadership Foundation, founded by U.S.
WWF President Russell Train, contracted with Parker to kill
virtually all the elephants in Rwanda, on the basis that the
Rwandans could not protect both the mountain gorilla and the
elephant, so the elephant had to go.
One of gorilla expert Diane Fossey's assistants later charged that the elephants had been killed
because the land they lived on was ideal for the production of
pyrethrum, a natural "nonpolluting" insecticide.
Within a few years,
an artificial substitute for pyrethrum was found and production
Now cleared of trees, the slopes where the elephants had
lived lost their topsoil through erosion, while the rivers backed up
with sediment and flooded.
The slaughter continued
In 1986, former Rhodesian bush fighter Clem Coetzee of Zimbabwe was awarded
the WWF Conservation Award by Director General de Haes for overseeing a
campaign in which 44,000 elephants were killed.
This was necessary, said the WWF, "to protect the environment" of Zimbabwe's "overcrowded" national
parks. De Haes lauded Coetzee's work as "exemplary and a model for all
While other conservation groups worldwide were screaming about the plight of
the elephant and calling for an ivory trade ban, the WWF was still
maintaining things were fine.
When the WWF belatedly rang the alarm bells in
1989, the "Year of the Elephant," their assistance to the elephants of
Uganda was most curious. With funds raised through tear-jerking campaigns
"to save Nell the elephant," the WWF set up a camp to rescue the beleaguered
behemoths, into which the standard extensive paramilitary gear was flown.
This camp was near the Mountains on the Moon on
the Rwandan border, despite the fact that virtually all of Uganda's
elephants were in Murchison Park, nearly 1,000 miles away.
But it was from precisely this area that the
Rwandan Patriotic Front was to invade Rwanda a short time later.
The black rhino
The WWF was launched in London with a
special "shock edition" of the Daily Mirror on Oct. 6, 1961. Virtually
the entire front page of the newspaper was given over to a banner
headline, "Doomed - by Man's Folly, Greed and Neglect," and to a giant
picture of a black rhinoceros.
Only 100,000 "short-sighted and likeably
ugly rhinos" like Gertie, as she was christened, who stood there with
one of her infant calves at her foot, survived in the wild, Mirror
readers were told. And they were dwindling fast. If the rhino were to be
"saved" in the troubled times ahead, the whole African herd would have
to be "scientifically managed."
Support from the Mirror's working-class readership poured in.
sent their pension money, and children their pennies saved up for
school. In all, £45,000 was collected, a huge sum for the time. The WWF
thus obtained "a basis for its financial security," and it was off and
running. Yet it spent virtually nothing on saving rhinos until almost 10
years later, and sponsored only two rhino projects in its first two
Behind its trumpet blare of concern for the
rhino, the WWF had by 1980 spent only 118,533 tax-sheltered Swiss
francs, out of more than $110 million raised, to "save the wild black
rhino," whose population in the meantime had declined by 95.5%. And when
the WWF finally did sponsor "rhino projects," the rhinos invariably
died, or at best were sent off to zoos or, more frequently, private game
Today the black rhino is virtually extinct in the wild.
Exemplary of the WWF's work for the "likeably ugly beasts," is a
sampling of the rhino projects scathingly criticized by the Phillipson
report, chronicled below.
In 1965, a Kenyan resident gave the WWF SFr
36,300 to move six white rhino from Natal, South Africa to Meru Game
Reserve in Kenya, which, according to the WWF Yearbook 1965-67 "was felt
to contain the right sort of habitat."
From 1961 until the present, the
WWF has presided over, and in
many cases organized and financed,
the systematic slaughter and near
extinction of the most prominent
species under its self-appointed
control. And, under cover of concern for the animals, it used substantial
portions of the several hundred
million dollars it has raised to
date, to finance the slaughter of
"The project was ill-conceived and
indefensible in conservation terms; the Southern White Rhino has
never, at least in historic times, occurred in Kenya: More over,
there is no evidence that the Northern White Rhino ever roamed the
lands which now constitute the 87,044 hectare Meru National Park.
The assumption must be that in the mid 1960s WWF was either
scientifically incompetent, hungry for publicity, greedy for money,
or unduly influenced by scientifically naive persons of stature."
"The program came to
an abrupt end in November 1988, perhaps mercifully in that it removed a
constant source of embarrassment. Insurgent Somali poachers shot all the
remaining white rhino in an act of defiance, an unfortunate end for the
rhino but no doubt a welcome relief for concerned conservationists.
Project 0195 is not a project that WWF should look back on with any
Nor was Project 917, in which 85 "surplus rhino" from Natal were shipped
into Mozambique; all of them died. Nor was the Lake Nakuru National Park
rhino project in Kenya.
Half of all the money the WWF spent on Kenya has
gone into what it calls "the protected area management" of this park.
Originally set up as a bird park, with hundreds of thousands of
flamingos and many other varieties of tropical birds breeding on the
lake and its environs, WWF decided by the late 1980s to turn it into a
rhino park in which to place the last of the Kenyan rhinos. Seventeen
black rhino were translocated, and penned in behind an electric fence.
Soon it became obvious that the project was a disaster.
remarked with biting irony:
"The logic behind the choice of Nakuru
as a site for the release of black rhinos remains something of a
mystery. About one-third of the park is a lake and another third is
open grassland, quite unsuitable in the normal course of events, as
Nakuru was a daft place. What price walking
safaris for birdwatchers now that there might be a rhino around the
next bush? The park was, after all, created for the birds."
WWF Director General de Haes was notorious
among his staff for his reported statement that he "couldn't give a
continental f***" about the rhino. But if the WWF has not been saving
endangered species, as it clearly has not, then on what has it been
spending its hundreds of millions of dollars?
A look at the WWF's "Operation Stronghold,"
and its sister, "Operation Lock," two more "save the rhino" gambits,
gives the answer.
Funded with 1 million Swiss francs and coordinated with Operation Lock,
Stronghold was nominally to enable the Zimbabwe Department of National Parks
and Wildlife Management to save the 700 black rhino left in the Zambezi
Valley, the last major population in the wild in Africa.
Chief Game Ranger
Glen Tatham toured the United States, announcing that, with WWF's help, he
and his rangers "were going to war" against the poachers allegedly coming
over the border from Zambia.
On Nov. 10, 1988, Tatham and two of his assistants were brought before a
court in Zimbabwe and charged with murder. It was alleged that they had set
up a sting operation against poachers, who, when they approached the meeting
place, had been shot dead from ambush without warning by the accused. It
soon emerged in a parliamentary debate that Tatham and his men had killed 70
poachers since early 1987.
A law was rushed through parliament, the
Protection of Wildlife (Indemnity) Act, which gave game guards immunity from
civil and criminal prosecution for killings or woundings carried out in the
course of their duties.
Ten parliamentarians opposed the bill on the grounds
that it would "legalize murder."
As one of them, Mica Bhebe, put it,
giving people a blank check to kill people."
Official figures show that between July 1984 and September 1991, some 145
"poachers" were killed.
Of the 84 killed in the Zambezi Valley, most were
shot from a helicopter paid for by WWF and manned by WWF contract employees.
According to the Game Department's figures, of the 228 people killed or
taken prisoner, only 107 guns were recovered.
Given that another 202
individuals were recorded as having fled, some badly injured, some of whom
would have lost or been unable to carry away their weapons, this means that Tatham et al. failed to recover weapons from three-quarters of those killed,
taken prisoner, or driven away. This raises the question of whether those
targeted by the guards were in fact armed poachers at all.
sources interviewed by the British film crew which made Ten Pence in the
Panda, several of the dead were in fact associated with the military wing of
the African National Congress.
And what happened to the rhino?
From the moment that the project was agreed to in February 1987, the WWF's
aim had been "to translocate rhinos captured in the valley to safer areas
Drugged and immobilized, the rhinos were shipped off to
privately owned game farms in Zimbabwe, elsewhere in Africa, and to the
United States and Australia. In other words, the WWF paid to slaughter human
beings, in order to destroy the last living rhino herd in the world. The
reason for the "relocation" became quickly clear - aside from the immense
profits it generated for private, WWF-associated interests.
It emerged that
the International Monetary Fund (IMF), then dictating a "restructuring" of
Zimbabwe's economy, had mandated that a beef ranching business be set up in
the Zambezi Valley, in the rhino range, to provide beef to the European
After the rhino had been "relocated," squads of animal
exterminators moved into the valley and killed scores of elephants and 5,000
buffalo to make way for the IMF-mandated beef ranch, which soon collapsed
into bankruptcy, leaving large debts and no rhinos.
In late 1989 and early 1990, a scandal broke into the British and European
press which threatened to cause immense damage to the green oligarchs at WWF.
One of WWF's most secretive operations, code-named "Operation Lock,"
ostensibly an aggressive attempt to save the endangered rhino by sending an
elite squad of British Special Air Services (SAS) operatives into southern
Africa to penetrate, expose, and neutralize the illegal wildlife smuggling
cartels, had gone badly awry.
A million pounds sterling had disappeared, and it appeared that the SAS team
had started dealing in the very products, in particular rhino horn and
ivory, which it had been sent to stop. There were also, as in Operation
Stronghold, whispers of rising death tolls of "poachers."
WWF hastily prepared its own version of the matter. In 1986, they said,
Prince Bernhard and the new head of the WWF's Africa Program, John Hanks,
became alarmed while on a tour of Africa, at the rapidly dwindling rhino
numbers. The two cooked up the notion of sending a team of elite trained
sabotage experts and killers, SAS men, to Africa to deal with the problem by
Prince Bernhard, unbeknownst to WWF, put the £500,000 or
more he received from the sale of a valuable painting into the project, and
off it went. It was completely secret, so the story goes, from the WWF
headquarters in Gland, Switzerland, even though Bernhard was at the time
president of the Netherlands WWF and two other national WWF organizations.
The SAS team, which had been organized into a company named KAS Enterprises
Ltd. for the purpose, was led by Col. David Stirling, the legendary founder
of Britain's SAS regiments during World War II, and the veteran of dozens,
if not hundreds of special operations all over the Mideast and Africa in the
Stirling chose the intials to echo those of his earlier
Capricorn Africa Society (CAS), whose purpose had been to "preserve
apartheid in a sugar coating," in the words of Kenya governor Sir Philip
Capricorn's treasurer had been Mervyn Cowie, the architect of the
Kenyan Park system and controller of the Mau Mau, while its chief
propagandist was Elspeth Huxley, the wife of Julian Huxley' s cousin Gervas.
Curiously, the most detailed revelations about Operation Lock, which
obviously relied on internal WWF documents, came from the newsletter Africa
Confidential, widely regarded in Africa and elsewhere as an MI-5 asset, and
which had been founded in Stirling's flat in London.
The issue, as defined by Africa Confidential and its editor, who left the
newsletter at this time and authored a series of exposes on Operation Lock
in the British and Dutch press, became:
Who in the WWF bureaucracy knew
about this crazy, if deadly, scheme and when?
Was this another "offline"
operation by Bernhard, as the "Black Ebur Report" supposedly had been, or
was this official WWF policy?
It soon emerged, contrary to the lies that the WWF leadership and its
Director General de Haes spread, that the entire operation from the
beginning was official policy, and that a WWF project description - later
called a "mistake" - explicitly called for the purchase of arms.
existed in the Gland international office titled "Anti-Poaching Units,"
which operations had indeed been funded by WWF.
Though scandalous, the various exposes missed the point of Operation Lock.
First, as anyone familiar with Africa's parks is well aware, the main
"poachers" are usually the guards themselves, often financed and armed by
the WWF. Second, the man whom Bernhard (again, according to the received
version of events) approached to carry out this delicate "save the rhino"
work, was a man who had not only founded the SAS and who had extensive
covert operations experience in Africa, but who had been the "Gold Stick" at
the coronation of Elizabeth II as queen in 1952.
Though an Anglo-Catholic
educated at the Benedictine monastery at Ampleforth contemporaneously with
Lord Buxton, Philip's Extra Equerry, and with others of the WWF crowd,
Stirling was chosen for the extraordinary honor, coveted among all British
Special Offprint 37 to be the personal defender of the body of the queen,
the head of the Protestant Church of England. And, as do all the men of SAS
as well as MI-5, MI-6, and the Life Guards, he had sworn his loyalty not to
the British state, but to the person of the monarch.
Throughout the postwar period, Stirling had carried out dozens of the most
sensitive political-military operations for the British Crown. A Scottish
aristocrat, he was close personally to the Queen Mother, Elizabeth
Bowes-Lyon, herself of the very cream of the Scottish aristocracy. The aging
Stirling chose as the operational officer for his KAS company, Lt. Col. Ian
Crooke. Crooke was also a legend.
Decorated with the rarefied Distinguished
Service Order for his service during the Falklands campaign, he was the
hooded "man on the balcony" who commanded the SAS team which stormed the
Iranian Embassy in London in May 1980, and whose picture was flashed round
the world. His brother Alastair was a British consular official in
Islamabad, Pakistan, reportedly in charge of arming the Afghan mujahideen.
Crooke's number two man in Operation Lock, Nish Bruce, was reportedly the
most highly decorated British soldier in the Falklands fighting. (Curiously, WWF founder Lord Buxton's daughter was in the Falkland Islands "birdwatching"
just as the fighting broke out.) Others on the team had extensive service in
Northern Ireland, and were specialists in hunting down IRA men.
Thus the unit pulled together to "stop poaching" comprised some of the very
elite of the British special forces.
Crooke was the head at the time of the 23rd SAS Regiment, the part-time SAS
unit which is used, as are dozens of "private" security firms in London such
as Stirling's, for operations sanctioned by Her Majesty's Government, but
ones which "HMG" prefers to deny.
That Operation Lock was official
government policy is obvious:
The chain of command in the WWF led to Prince
Philip, the royal consort, and Stirling even admitted to the press that he
was in close contact with the British Ministries of Defense and Foreign
One SAS member familiar with Operation Lock reported that there
were regular toasts to the Queen Mother in SAS's favorite pub, while
another, himself a Lock participant, stated in writing that among Lock's
consortium of financial backers was the Queen Mother.
Another subscriber to
Lock was Laurens van der Post, the tutor to Prince Charles and at the time
Mrs. Thatcher's chief adviser on Africa policy.
What was KAS really?
Stirling was a curious choice to save
He was very close to, among other well-known traffickers
in wildlife, the Unita organization of Jonas Savimbi, who in 1988 admitted
that his men had killed some 100,000 elephants in order to finance their war
against the MPLA government in Luanda.
Furthermore, internal KAS documents
showed that Stirling's company planned to make a profit out of trading in
the very ivory, rhino horn, etc. which they had ostensibly been sent to
Africa to stop.
Under Crook's command, 25 SAS veterans set up a fortified headquarters
in Pretoria with sophisticated computer equipment and imported (illegally,
due to the embargo then on against South Africa) large amounts of highly
sophisticated weaponry. But, if they weren't saving the rhinos, what were
Zimbabwean Minister for National Security Sydney Sekerayami had an idea.
According to the Dutch paper de Volkrants of Aug. 24, 1991, he,
stated in public that he suspected KAS of being a cover for the
destabilization of southern Africa."
Numerous other governments, including
wildlife officials in Kenya, Tanzania, and Zambia were suspicious of the
Lock men, and refused to work with them.
Rowan Martin, director of research
in Zimbabwe's wildlife department, declined to cooperate with Crooke, who
flew from Johannesburg to see him because Crooke was "vague about his
sponsors and the objectives of his mission."
It also seemed odd to Martin
"they seemed more interested in military technology than wildlife...
They hinted at some pretty irregular methods."
South African Military Intelligence, evaluating the "antipoachers" as
obviously an elite British intelligence unit, sent their own man in to
infiltrate the Lock crew.
Crooke managed to work out liaisons with Namibia
and Mozambique, and with elements of the South African special forces and
intelligence community. Then in a war against the African National Congress
(ANC), South West African People's Organization (SWAPO), and the
majority-ruled front-line states, some South Africans viewed the
paramilitary training capabilities of the British as an asset.
From an operational headquarters in Bophuthatswana's Pilanesberg Park, and
in numerous other parks such as Etosha in Namibia and in the game parks in
the KaNgwana homeland on the South Africa-Mozambique border, the KAS crew
turned out "anti-poaching units."
One such unit which Crooke' s men trained, and the political circumstances
in which it operated, is of particular interest.
The 'third force'
From before Nelson Mandela's release
in 1990 until the present, well over 10,000 black South Africans have been
killed through black-on-black violence.
Observers have attributed much of
this murder and mayhem to the agent provocateur actions of a mysterious
"third force," which is neither the ANC, nor its Zulu-based Inkatha Freedom
Party rival. The third force, by attacking each of the rival groups in turn
- which then blame each other - keeps the deadly violence going. Such
activity must be gridded against the work of Crooke's unit in Namibia.
After being taken from the Germans following World War I, South West Africa
became a protectorate of South Africa.
In the 1980s, as the SWAPO guerilla
force of Sam Nujoma waged war against the South African-backed,
white-dominated government of the country, South African special forces trained the notorious "Koevoet," Afrikaans for "crowbar," black
special warfare units, whose savagery was notorious. Crooke and his crew
retrained the Koevoet men as "antipoaching units."
Simultaneously, they set
up liaison with the then-minuscule "stock theft unit" of the South African
In late June 1992, shortly after the notorious Boipatong massacre of June
18, in which 39 were killed and many more injured by mysterious "third
force" assassins, a joint task force of ANC intelligence, the Goldstone
Commission (an inquiry into violence), and a special police unit raided the
premises of the British-owned Gold Fields firm.
There, to their surprise,
they discovered a "stock theft unit" of 40 men, mainly re-trained Koevoet
veterans from Namibia.
According to the South African Weekly Mail of June
26-July 2, 1992,
"The African National Congress says it has witnesses who
will testify before the [Goldstone] commission on the unit's role in the Boipatong massacre."
Gold Fields was chaired by Robin Plumbridge, an Oxford graduate and a
Trustee of the South African Nature Foundation, the WWF's South African
As the Weekly Mail put it,
"The presence of a 'third force' on a
British-owned mine will have major international repercussions."
Though £1 million had been spent,
"As one of [Operation Lock's] employees
himself put it, there is no proof that the [project] ever even saved one
single rhinoceros," according to the Dutch newspaper de Volkrants.
Population controller John Hanks
The story that Prince Bernhard and
John Hanks ran Operation Lock as a rogue operation out of their back pockets
is nonsense, but it is clear that Hanks did play a key role in the affair.
His career and specialties help shed further light on the operation. Hanks
had gotten his start in the conservation business cutting up elephants in an
abattoir in Zambia, where elephants were butchered to feed the workers in
southern Africa's mines. He spent some time in Rhodesia where, according to
his own account, he worked for military intelligence.
In the mid-1970s, he
became the chief parks officer of the National Parks Board at Pietmaritzburg
But his overwhelming preoccupation from 1976 on, was with human population
control. In numerous speeches, he railed about how "Durban will [soon] be
worse than Bombay."
The problem, he said, was that,
"African women are among
the world's most prolific breeders, with the average woman bearing 5.2
With all these mouths to feed,
"demands are being placed on our
natural resources which are not sustainable and can only lead to chronic
In 1977, he called for a "national population
control policy," and the liberal use of contraception, abortion, and
In 1979, Hanks became the first director of the Institute of Natural
Resources in KwaZulu, founded with a grant from the K.E. Taeubner Management
Trust, named for a member of
the 1001 Club. He continued to specialize in
population matters, and became an executive member of the Family Planning
Association of South Africa. In 1986, he became the head of the Africa
Program of the WWF.
When Operation Lock was exposed in 1990 (at least certain aspects of it), it
caused a bit of a stink, and Hanks was forced to leave the WWF.
He issued a
statement on Jan. 4, 1990:
"My own involvement in the project ceased when
Prince Bernhard's funds had been exhausted in late 1989. I am aware that
similar operations are continuing, but I am no longer involved in any way."
He took up the post of executive director of the WWF's South African branch,
the South African Nature Foundation, which Prince Philip called "an elegant
solution" to the embarrassment of what to do with him.
However, the Dutch
paper de Volksrant reported on Aug. 24, 1991,
"He still works on operations
like Lock, together with some of the former British soldiers who also took
part in the original project."
Indeed, as an internal KAS situation report of Jan. 18May 31, 1989 marked
"KAS should seize this opportunity to become the leading
expert on all forms of anti-poaching training throughout Africa."
document furthermore noted that "the experience gained so far in SWA/
Namibia has proved invaluable."
Who are the poachers?
The nominal purpose of Operation Lock and
Operation Stronghold was to "stop poachers." But as the case of the
120-square-mile Ngorongoro Crater in Tanzania demonstrates once again, it is
usually the WWF which is paying the poachers.
In the late 1950s, WWF founder-to-be Dr. Bernard Grzimek of the Frankfurt
Zoo took an animal census in the Ngorongoro Crater, claiming to find that
wildlife was disappearing.
This Grzimek blamed on the Masai pastoralists,
who herded their cattle across the area, but who rarely killed anything
except the lions which attacked their flocks. As a result of the hysteria
Grzimek and his allies kicked up, in particular around the associated
Hollywood film "Serengeti Shall Not Die!" the Masai were banned from
entering vast areas of the national park around the crater, their
In 1964, some 108 rhinos had been individually photographed and given an
identity, the most carefully documented population in Africa. A WWF program
was set up to "save" them.
Despite the WWF-financed game guard program, by
1981 there were only 20 left. Not one poacher had been caught by the three
anti-poaching teams in years.
In that year, an eyewitness wrote to the
offices of the African Wildlife Leadership Federation in Nairobi, shedding
some light on the disappearing rhino herd. The WWF-financed game guards, she
reported, had shot dead two large tame males and wounded a female, "all in
"Isn't it fairly obvious what is going on in
The British royal
family's policy at work - mass death in Rwanda
by Linda de Hoyos
Before April, Rwanda had an approximate population of 7.2 million.
September, up to 1 million people have been killed inside Rwanda.
to estimates supplied by the U.S. Agency for International Development
(AID), 2,576,000 people are displaced inside Rwanda, including
1.3 million in the former French Safe Zone in the southwest corner of the
country. Another 2,223,000 people are refugees outside of Rwanda - 1,542,000
in Zaire, 210,000 in Burundi, 460,500 in Tanzania, and 10,500 in Uganda.
That is, 5,799,000 people, or 80.6% of the population, have been killed or
The RPF is ruling from the capital city of Kigali over an emptied country.
Water arid electricity systems are destroyed. Up to 50% of health employees
and teachers have been killed. The Ugandan shilling is now the currency of
choice. Food production is at 66% of the normal, with the country receiving
less than 75% of its aid requirement.
Rwanda has been obliterated, torn to pieces, its traumatized and emaciated
population scattered to the winds. As EIR has documented (Aug. 19, 1994),
the destruction of Rwanda is the handiwork of Ugandan dictator Yoweri
Museveni and Lady Lynda Chalker. The destruction of Rwanda begins not with
the April 6,1994 murder of President Juvenal Habyarimana, but with the
British-backed invasion of Rwanda by the top echelons of the Uganda Army in
According to one source in Kampala, 95% of the RPF was in the Uganda Army.
And Museveni's National Resistance Army (NRA), itself trained by the
British, Americans, and North Koreans since Museveni took power in 1986, is
the source of supplies and money for the RPF.
The leaders of the RPF are
identical to the top echelons of the Ugandan Army: Ugandan minister of state
for defense was the RPF's David Tinyefuza; Paul Kagame, current defense
minister of Rwanda Under the RPF, was head of intelligence and
counterintelligence in the Ugandan Army; the RPF's Chris Bunyenyezi was the
former commanding officer of the NRA's 306th Brigade, notorious for the
atrocities committed against Uganda'sTeso.
Museveni also had a hand in the Oct. 23, 1993 coup against Burundi President
Melchior Ndadaye, whose election had ended 31 years of Tutsi military rule
in Burundi. According to some sources, Museveni planned the coup in a
meeting in Entebbe which included the RPF's Paul Kagame.
ringleaders, Major Bucokoza and Lt. Paul Kamana, were in Kampala, openly carousing with Ugandan
officers, from late October 1993 to February 1994, and, according to Burundi
sources, they are both now with the RPF. The attempted coup in Burundi
resulted in the murder of President Ndadaye, and the mass slaughter of up to
100,000 Hutus and Tutsis in fratricidal warfare.
Museveni is not acting on his own. His links to the British royal family run
through two interlinked personages: Lady Lynda Chalker, Minister of Overseas
Development and a favorite of Lady Margaret Thatcher, and Tiny Rowland,
chairman of Lonrho, who reportedly introduced Chalker to the higher echelons
of London society.
The on-the-ground British case officer for Museveni is
reportedly one William (Mike) Pike, editor of New Vision, a daily financed
by Rowland. Pike is believed to report directly to Chalker.
Chalker was the first foreigner to meet Museveni once he took power in
Kampala. Museveni and Chalker have been "very luwie-duvvie," as one British
source put it.
A British East Africa expert further complained that Lady Chalker,
"spends a lot of time, a disproportionate amount of time, in the
Horn of Africa and Uganda."
Soon after the RPF victory in Rwanda, Chalker
visited Uganda for a four-day tour hosted by Museveni, before tripping over
to Goma, Zaire, to view the refugees.
On the latter experience, Chalker told
"Of course, when one comes face to face with death... in their
hundreds, or as in Goma, in their thousands, I feel it. But I don't allow it
to affect my judgment."
Museveni, the marcher lord
On Dec. 11,1992, Africa Analysis
reported that the minutes of a meeting which took place in late 1992 at the
State House in Entebbe had reached Kenyan intelligence.
The minutes showed
that Ugandan President Museveni was prepared to give full logistical and
political support to insurgencies aimed at the governments in Rwanda, Kenya,
and Sudan. Attending the meeting were Museveni, Col. John Garang of the S
udan People' s Liberation Army, unidentified commanders of the Rwandan
Patriotic Front (Ugandan Army), and representatives of the armed wing of the
Kenya Democratic Party opposition to Kenyan President Daniel arap Moi.
The meeting points to Museveni's role as the British marcher lord in East
and Central Africa. The immediate goal for the British royal family is to
use Uganda, which was first leveled by the British-sponsored barbarian Idi
Amin (1972-79) and has now become the major British financial and political outpost
in the region, as the springboard for recolonization of the region.
The gameplan is: Destroy Rwanda and Burundi, turning the remains into satellites
of Ugandan (British) domination; destroy Kenya by overthrowing President Moi
and instigating tribal warfare; and seize mineral-rich eastern Zaire.
According to Africa Analysis,
"Museveni told the RPF commanders at the
Entebbe meeting that he would do his utmost to stall the Arusha peace talks
in order to buy time for them to build sufficient firepower to storm
That mission has now been accomplished.
On Kenya, Lady Chalker has worked to create a tribally based opposition to
Moi, with the armed wings of these operations supplied by Museveni.
has repeatedly cut British aid to Kenya, and informed Moi in February 1992,
in what she called,
"very frank, straight talks," that "the only way to come
to grips with the security problem in northern Kenya is to deploy troops
under U.N. coordination."
Uganda is arming the rebels in Zaire. The British are now demanding that the
troops of the former Rwandan government move deeper into the interior of
Zaire, away from the mass of Rwandan refugees. According to an Oct. 2 report
U.N. Special Representative to Rwanda Shahryar Khan, this may require "an
international operation under Chapter 7 of the U.N. Charter - which allows
for use of force" - on Zairean soil.
Strongman behind the SPLA
Uganda is the major source of supply for John Garang's SPLA. The remaining
SPLA stronghold in Sudan is Nimuli, near the Ugandan border, which is
supplied from the Nimuli park on the border with Sudan and Kidepo Valley
park in northern Uganda.
Kidepo is also the site for SPLA training and the
SPLA headquarters. According to Ugandan sources, food, gasoline, and
supplies are stored for Garang at the Mbuya military barracks, and the
supplies are delivered by the NRA 4th Division.
Museveni has attempted to procure sophisticated weapons for Garang. In
August 1992, Museveni's private secretary, Innocent Bisangwa-Mbuguje, and
Ugandan Ambassador to the United States Stephen Kapimpina Katenta-Apuuli
were arrested in Orlando, Florida, for illegally attempting to buy 400 TOW
anti-tank missiles and 34 TOW launchers for $18 million. The weapons were
bound for the SPLA, through the border towns of Nimule or Kaya in northern
In spring 1994, a Nigerian commercial plane
developed engine trouble at Lanark, Cyprus, while carrying missiles
reportedly from Israel to Uganda.
Rwanda invasion routes
KEY TO MAP 6
The 1990 RPF/Ugandan army invasion of Rwanda was staged in the
Gorilla park of Uganda on the border of Rwanda and Zaire 1. It
proceeded through the Volcans park in Rwanda 2, directly opposite
the Gorilla park in Uganda.
The Akagera park in Rwanda 3, bordering Kenya and within a few miles
of the Ugandan border, was the other invasion route.
Although the 1990 invasion failed, the Uganda military and RPF
continued to control large areas of the Volcans park of Rwanda, and
used that park as a base for raids farther into Rwanda.
The RPF also held parts of the Virunga park in Zaire 4, which
borders both the Volcans park of Rwanda and the Gorilla park of
Uganda. Periodic efforts by the Rwandan military to flush out the
Uganda guerrillas through shelling both parks were unsuccessful, and
vehemently condemned by international conservation agencies
including the World Wildlife Fund. The WWF manages the "Gorilla
protection program" within the tri-border Virunga, Gorilla, and
Volcans parks. The WWF program was initiated just months before the
1990 Ugandan invasion.
The Uganda/RPF invasion of April 1994 came largely through the
Museveni and Garang are old school buddies, both trained at Dar Es Salaam
University in Tanzania, where the curriculum had a definite Maoist bent.
Tiny Rowland is a mutual friend. Speaking on a British Broadcasting Corp.
newscast in Nairobi, Kenya in March 1993, Rowland declared that he is a
member of Garang's SPLA and had been since 1984, reported the South African
As the Weekly Mail explained,
"Southern Sudan has an
undeveloped oil industry and Lonrho is interested in a project to bring oil
out in a pipeline leading through Kenya - where Rowland has important
interests - to Mombasa, instead of through the Red Sea port of Port Sudan as
the Khartoum government has planned."
The SPLA is advised by Dr. Mansur Khalid, a former foreign minister of
Sudan, who is now employed by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP)
in Nairobi, Kenya.
The UNDP officer in Uganda, who is also reportedly
involved in support operations for Garang, is one Hans Farelius, a former
Protestant missionary. Farelius is reported to have moved to Kampala in 1989
from Uppsala, Sweden. In Uppsala, he aided Museveni, who came to Sweden for
retooling in 1985-86, before taking power in Entebbe.
Unlike the rest of Africa's leaders, Museveni has not come under pressure to
democratize. Says one London source: "The British are very much behind this
government. You know there is no condition at all on democratization.
President doesn't even pretend [to be] for this, and he is still a darling
of the West.
1986: Yoweri Museveni comes to power in
Uganda, after a five-year guerrilla war. Museveni's benefactors during
the guerrilla war included Tiny Rowland, chairman of the London-Rhodesia
Corp. (Lonrho), and Moshood Abiola, the Nigeria magnate operating on
behalf of ITT.
1989: Leaders of the Ugandan Army, including the current vice president
of Rwanda, Paul Kagame, are sent to Fort Leavenworth U.S. Army Command
and Staff College.
August-September 1990: Rwandans of Uganda Army group in southwestern
Uganda are led by Ugandan Maj.-Gen. Fred Rwigyema in preparation for
invasion of Uganda.
Oct. 1,1990: Rwandan Patriotic Front section of Ugandan Army invades
Rwanda through Akagera Park. Oct. 27,1990: Cease-fire, as RPF is
repelled by French paratrooper force from the outskirts of Kigali.
1991: RPF invades again, coming through Virunga Park, seizing the town
of Ruhengeri, causing mass exodus of over 200,000 refugees. RPF then
pulls back, occupying the entire eastern portion of the Virunga Park,
from where it sends continual artillery barrages onto the Rwandan plain.
1992: As RPF incursions continue, Habyarimana government begins
organizing militias in the countryside; begins to raise military from
5,000 troops to 40,000.
February 1993: RPF invades Rwanda, taking control of a chunk of
territory in the north, killing 40,000 Hutus. Mass exodus of refugees
from the area.
June 1, 1993: Melchior Ndadaye is elected first Hutu President in
Burundi, in first national elections.
August 1993: Arusha Accords, negotiated between Habyarimana government
and RPF, under U.S. and British auspices, grant RPF 50% of commander and
officer posts in Army and 40% of the troops, and seven cabinet posts.
September 1993: U.N. sends peacekeeping force to Rwanda to oversee
implementation of Arusha Accords.
Oct. 23, 1993: Attempted coup in Burundi by Tutsidominated military.
Ndadaye is murdered, with up to 100,000 Hutus. More than 700,000 Hutus
flee Burundi. International press gives no notice.
December 1993: RPF moves 600 troops into Kigali under Arusha Accords.
January 1994: British Defense Department African strategists are
reportedly moved off their concentration on Angola and put on Rwanda.
March 1994: Another slaughter of Hutus in Burundi, up to 40,000 killed.
April 6, 1994: Plane carrying Rwandan President Habyarimana and Burundi
President Ntaryamira is brought down by three rockets, killing all on
board. Mass killings by Rwandan government troops erupt in Kigali; RPF
begins invasion from Virunga and Akegera Parks.
April 19, 1994: U.N. peacekeeping troops (2,500 Belgian forces)
May 1994: U.N. imposes arms embargo on Rwandan government, as mass
slaughter continues throughout the country.
June 21, 1994: France gains U.N. approval to send troops to Rwanda.
French troops set up Safe Zones, nearly clashing with RPF forces.
July 12,1994: 1 million Rwandans flee to Zaire. July 15, 1994: RPF is in
effective control of Rwanda, with exception of French Safe Zones. July
22-27,1994: Lady Lynda Chalker, British Minister of Overseas
Development, visits Uganda. July 29, 1994: President Clinton pledges
U.S. humanitarian aid operation to Rwandan refugees, to be carried out
by U.S. military. A survey taken by the group Doctors without Borders in
the first week of August shows that 80,000 people, at least, had died in
the Zaire camps since mid-July - 8% of those in camps.
Aug. 22,1994: French troops leave protected zone.
Sept. 29, 1994: Relief workers from U.N. High Commission on Refugees,
Doctors without Borders, the German Red Cross, Oxfam, Concern, Assist,
and Care Australia, and from Sweden and South Korea begin to pull out of
the Rwandan refugee camps in Zaire.
West Africa - war
"A confrontation is looming in Nigeria that
could exceed even the catastrophe of Rwanda," a signal editorial
published in the London Independent threatened on Aug. 29.
"There are 10 times more Nigerians than
Rwandans and many millions more in Nigeria's neighboring countries who
depend on its economy. If Nigeria explodes, the repercussions will
affect all of West Africa."
Among its "crimes," Nigeria exercises full
control over its own parks.
Nigeria also permits hunting with a license and
agriculture in its parks. More to the point, Nigeria, under Gen. Sani Abacha,
has drawn a line against the rapacious looting of the country by the
International Monetary Fund (IMF).
The Independent is promoting the former
cash dispenser to Uganda's Museveni, Mooshod Abiola:
"Nigeria has been ruled
by its soldiers for all but 10 years of its independent existence. The
soldiers have prevented the break-up of the country but have achieved little
else. .. . They have also become identified with the northern Muslim elite,
which might fight rather than be ruled by a southerner such as Abiola."
The Independent was speaking for Minister of Overseas Development Lady Lynda
In February, Chalker threatened Nigerian leaders that Britain would
never lift its sanctions against Nigeria unless it restored "democracy" (put
Abiola in power), and reduced its "enormous deficit" (bring back the IMF).
In Nigeria, the point man for the World Wide Fund for Nature is Chief Salay
L. Edu. Chief Edu and his son Aboyamo are members of the 1001 Club. The Edus
are from the Ibo tribe of southeastern Nigeria, whose attempt to secede from
Nigeria in 1967 led to the Biafran war.
In 1989, Chief Edu hosted Prince Philip in a visit to the wetland area
bordering Niger, a tour requiring a new airfield.
In 1990, Edu hosted Prince
Charles in a visit to the site, to view migrating birds from Europe. The WWF
wants to put a park in the area. Chief Edu also happens to be the point man
in Nigeria for Royal Dutch Shell, a financial moneybag for the WWF. Shell
runs 50% of Nigeria's 2 million barrels per day oil production. Through this
route, the Fund launched its provocations.
In a bid to cut off supplies of
foreign exchange, Shell organized a strike of oil workers, who demanded the
release of Abiola from jail and a government payout of $800 million in
arrears Nigeria allegedly owes Royal Dutch Shell and other foreign
"Shell is behind this strike," a well-informed London source told EIR. "The easiest thing for them to do is to bribe the union with a payoff
to provoke such a strike. It is entirely political. Shell and the U.K.
Foreign Office want a civilian regime which will be weak."
government, however, managed to settle the strike in September.
South Africa in the British crosshairs
On April 26, EIR received information of a plot
to kill South Africa's Nelson Mandela, soon to become the first black
African President of South Africa.
According to a European-based source, the
information, subsequently corroborated, was that "big, big money was coming
out of Great Britain" to arrange the assassination.
Asked who specifically
was providing the money, the source replied:
"Look for the friends of Henry
Kissinger in Britain."
The objective of such a plot, the source stated, is to,
"kill two birds with
one stone. Obviously, the murder will be blamed on the extremist Boers and
white supremacists. This would instantly cause a civil war. This would give
the pretext for the declaration of martial law."
An EIR investigation showed that the operation against Mandela was centered
in the Hollinger Corp., whose board of directors includes Lynda Chalker
booster and former Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, Henry Kissinger, 1001
Club member Conrad Black, and Peter Lord Carrington.
Both Kissinger and
Carrington had been on the scene in South Africa to "negotiate" the
pre-election deal with Zulu Inkatha Party leader Mangosuthu Buthelezi.
Although the murder did not proceed, the South African President remains in
the crosshairs of British intelligence. Without his statesmanship and his
unflinching commitment to a policy of reconciliation, it is likely that
South Africa would be drowned in a civil war.
The corroborating signal that the plot against Mandela was live, was the
terrorist car bombings in Johannesburg the week before the April 27
elections. The bombings were designed to create an environment of terror and
violence, stoking the climate for a hit on the new President. Military
intelligence sources in South Africa confirmed that the bombings were not by
the Terreblanche group but were the work of professionals.
In addition, on
April 29, the London Daily Telegraph reported that British S AS operatives
were running a good deal of the South African "extreme right-wing" terrorist
capability. Among the 32 bombing suspects held by the South African police
was one Kevin Conroy, who claimed to have served with the SAS.
emerged in 1993 as a leader of the AWB's Iron Guard and a right-hand man of
its leader Eugene Terreblanche.
Most of the Iron Guards, the Daily Telegraph
"had European accents which ranged from those of Ireland, through
Birmingham and London to Germany and central and eastern Europe."
Other Overt Criminal Acts
The WWF is out to
balkanize and depopulate the Americas
by Jeffrey Steinberg
The level of genocide carried out by Prince Philip's World Wide Fund for
Nature against the people of Africa is unprecedented in human history.
And to fulfill their goals of driving the world
population below 1 billion over the next several decades and restoring a new
global feudal order, the British Crown and the WWF are committed to the same
genocide against the Americas, Eurasia, and Australia.
As the following maps and charts will show, every program that the WWF
carried out against Africa since 1961 has now been set in place in the
For the moment, the body count is smaller; but
some crucial elements of the WWF agenda are more advanced in North, Central,
and South America than anywhere else on the globe:
Nowhere in the world has so much land
been set aside as nature preserves, animal preserves, and
anthropological reserves as in North America. The western third of
the United States is on the verge of being transformed into the
world's largest protected area, taking vast reserves of natural
resources, some of the Earth's finest farmland, and crucial water,
transportation, and communication links out of service.
In Central and South America, the WWF
and International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) have
established a precedent: "anthropological reserves." These are
zoos in which primitive tribes, like the
Yanomami Indians of the
Amazon rainforest, are kept in a permanent state of backwardness and
are designated as "endangered species," like the African elephants
and rhinos. Seven countries of Ibero-America have one or more
anthropological reserves. Brazil alone has 250 such "human game
Nowhere in the world does
production and processing occur on such a large scale as in the
Americas - and much of this happens inside or adjacent to the WWF
protected areas. Areas capable of producing food have been
transformed into giant coca plantations and cocaine-processing
centers in Bolivia, Peru, and Colombia.
In parts of the United States, national forests in the western
states house large marijuana plantations that produce an estimated
$50 billion a year in illegal pot.
In almost all of these drug-producing
areas, typified by the Upper Huallaga River Valley in Peru, the role
of "park ranger" has been assigned to narco-terrorist gangs like the
Shining Path, which have carried out genocide against local Indian
As in the case of the guerrilla groups that are trained
and housed in the large game preserves and national parks of Africa,
South America's narco-terrorists for decades enjoyed the patronage
and logistical support of both the WWF and Soviet bloc intelligence
Whereas the collapse of the Soviet Union
largely brought an end to communist support for guerrilla operations
in Africa, the support by Cuba for the narco-insurgents,
eco-terrorists, and indigenous-separatist groups continues.
Similarly, throughout North America, eco-terrorist groups like,
Sea Shepherd Conservation Society
the Animal Liberation
the Rainforest Action Network,
...have been carrying out a
campaign of sabotage against industry, modern agriculture, and the
electric power grid.
MAPS 7 AND 8
KEY TO MAPS 7 AND 8
The map of North America and the Caribbean (Map 7) shows a
proposal put forward by Joel Garreau in The Nine Nations of
North America (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1981). Garreau,
like the WWF and other advocates of "balkanization," called for
the breakup of the United States, Canada, and Mexico into
smaller regions, defined by "common concerns."
The map of the Southwest United States and border areas of
Mexico (Map 8) shows the expansion of protected areas under the
California Desert Protection Act, which was voted up by the U.S.
Congress in October 1994. The act set aside 8 million additional
acres of land in southern California.
The map indicates the
pre-existing set-aside lands (12 million acres) and shows most
of the 67 expansion areas, many of which come out of public
lands that were managed by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management. BLM land is often open to commercial uses such as mining,
farming, grazing and recreation; however, most of these
activities are now prohibited. Under pending proposals and
legislation, as much as 80% of the state of California could be
converted to forests, parks, and wilderness preserves by the end
of the century.
Fulfilling a longstanding British Crown
policy, efforts States.
One of the most advanced schemes, "Cascadia,"
are under way to "balkanize" North and South America into, would
create a nature preserve encompassing parts of the Northwest of the United
States and Canada.
Large parts of autonomous zones
that would destroy the sovereignty of every nation in the Western
Hemisphere, including the United Cascadia would be off-limits to all
KEY TO MAP 9
North American protected
1. Akwesasne Mohawk Reservation:
One of several well-known smuggling
routes for guns and drugs on the U.S.-Canada border. Wildlife
reserves and game park are also prime routes.
2. Cree Indian claims:
The Cree Indians want 1 million sq km or
two-thirds of the territory of Quebec as their homeland, if Quebec
separates from Canada. James Bay Hydro-Quebec power stations in
contested area supply substantial amount of power to all of
Northeast United States.
On June 10,1993 Queen Elizabeth II, with help from World
Wildlife Fund officials, establishes autonomous territory for Inouit
Natives almost seven times the size of England. The WWF, the Royal
Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, and Indigenous Survival
International are working to replicate the process elsewhere. Under
the Nunavut Act, the territory will become an autonomous "nation"
under Crown control in 1999.
March 1994, a campaign is launched in the Pacific
Northwest to turn millions of acres of the Cascade Mountains into an
international park. Human beings would be banned from the park,
which extends across the border between Washington and Vancouver.
Area is the epicenter of
5. California Desert Wilderness:
On Oct. 8, 1994 the U.S. Congress
designates an additional 8 million acres of southern California to
become wilderness areas and national parks. Total area now exceeds
20 million acres, larger than New England, and reaches the Mexican
1991, Earth First! terrorists attempt to blow up power
lines leading from a nuclear power plant in Arizona, hoping to cause
7. Papago Indian Reservation:
Straddles U.S.-Mexico border at Sonora
and Arizona, providing easy smuggling route of guns, drugs, and
8. Leclerc Botanical Gardens, Haiti:
October 1994, U.S. soldiers
break up a terrorist training camp. The Gardens, described as a
"sacred site of the native voodoo religion," are run by the New York
Botanical Garden and the Biodiversity Trust headed by Prince
Charles. The Gardens are owned by Catherine Dunham, African-American
choreographer, a self-described "voodoo priestess," and onetime
supporter of the Duvalier dictatorship who now backs Aristide.
Protected areas and insurgency of Mexico and Central America (inset;
* See above for definitions of protected areas and sources.
KEY TO MAP 10
Mexico and Central
America protected areas
1. Chiapas, Mexico:
The staging area for the
separatist insurrection launched on Jan. 1,1994 by the Zapatista
National Liberation Army, includes two large ecological parks along
the border with Guatemala.
A longtime resident gave EIR
the following account:
A. Lagunas de Montebello
National Park. "That's where it all began. Twenty kilometers
south of the lagoons, but inside the park, there is a little
village called Tziscao. It's Zapatista, with training camps and
all. There have always been guerrillas there. It's heavy
B. Montes Azules Biosphere Reserve, 331,200 hectares. "They
found a guerrilla camp right there, and there are photographs.
Right on the border with Guatemala. On the western edge of the
reserve, about a third of the way up from south to north,
there's Segundo Valley, and the village of San Quintin. They
have an archaeological research station there, and also
guerrilla training camps. It's in the heart of the Lacandon
C. Agua Azul Cascades National Park. "There's a lot of conflict
in the area. The guerrillas take refuge there. The town of
Bachajon is run by the Zapatistas. They even guard the Cascades
and charge tourists to get there - they've taken over the area.
It used to be beautiful, but it's destroyed now. Some people say
that Sub-Commander Marcos of the Zapatistas was trained nearby,
just north of the archaeological zone of Palenque."
D. El Ocote Ecological Reserve. "This is outside the Zapatista
zone, but marijuana is grown there. There's a little island in
the lake formed by the Malpaso Dam, across from the village of
Apitpac. They grow it there. Also, there are a lot of
kidnappings and they hide the victims in the adjacent Las
There are also more than 40,000
Guatemalan refugees in the staging area, including members of
Rigoberta Menchu's URNG guerrilla base. The cross-border area has
had intense guerrilla activity for decades. In January 1993, Menchu
led a march of thousands of refugees from Chiapas back to Guatemala;
food was airlifted along the way by C-130 transports of the British
Royal Air Force based in Belize. The same cross-border area also
involves significant drug cultivation and transshipment from South
America. Chiapas has Mexico's largest oil reserves, and produces
over half of the country's hydro power.
In May 1994, Teddy Goldsmith's magazine Ecologist endorsed the
uprising: "The revolt... was a dignified reaction to too much
development. It arose because people opted for a more dignified form
The WWF, in partnership with the government and private groups,
coordinates "community development" programs In these parks,
including an effort to stop a proposed major highway linking Chiapas
to the center of Mexico, because it would go through the El Ocote
In July, the WWF
sponsored a workshop on this subject in San Isidro, Chiapas, with
experts from the Rockefeller Foundation, the World Forestry Council,
and the British Council, the latter created under royal charter.
British Commonwealth member
Belize is a center for ecological activities spreading out across
Mexico and Central America. A trinational park is planned on
Belize's common border with Guatemala and Mexico. "Also known as the
Azul Triangle, this is a vast and mostly uninhabited region, with
numerous Mayan ruins," says the IUCN. In February 1994, at the
height of the Zapatista uprising, Queen Elizabeth spent three days
visiting Belize on the royal yacht Britannia.
3. Central America:
At an Oct. 14, 1994 summit, the
seven countries of the region formed the "Central American Alliance
for Sustainable Development," to protect forests and endangered
species, and promote environmental education. The accord is widely
viewed as a breakthrough in implementation of the Eco '92 agenda.
In 1992 the U.S. National Geographic Society and Cultural Survival
launched a pilot project to map overlapping ecological zones and
Indian areas across Central America. Project adviser Bernard
Nietschmann (University of California) concluded: "States are
expansionist.... They gobble resources, and they repress peoples. ..
. [Nicaragua] is a colonial creation imposed on preexisting and
unconsenting indigenous nations."
* excluding national forests, where data for this category are
available Source: IUCN, 1992
There are four existing, and six planned, cross-border ecological
parks. The most ambitious is the projected "Path of the Panther,"
which would link up existing national parks into a continuous "green
corridor" running 2,500 km. from one end of Central America to the
other. Wildlife Conservation International and the
CaribbearvConservation Corp. are coordinating the project. The Path
of the Panther, like some existing parks, would make it impossible
to build necessary great infrastructure projects, such as a Second
Panama Canal across the isthmus, or a Pan American Railroad and
Highway connecting North America with the southern tip of South
4. Miskito Coast:
The Miskito Cays Wildlife
Refuge, 502,000 hectares, was established in 1991 by Nicaragua. Its
purpose, as defined by the IUCN, is "to protect islands, reefs, sea
turtles and coastal wetlands, and the Miskito Indian culture" - in
that order. The WWF helped create an "Indian" NGO, Mikupia, to run
the reserve in which the 15,000 Miskito Indians now live; to
"restore Miskito culture;" and to provide "ecotourism" for
foreigners. Its extension into Honduras is already planned.
The Miskito Indians are a British fabrication. In the 1600s, British
pirates gave that name to the people living along the northern and
eastern coasts of what are today Honduras and Nicaragua, who were
mixed descendants of these pirates, black slaves from British
woodcutting gangs, and the semi-nomadic Indian inhabitants.
The Miskito flag is modeled on the Union Jack, and their primary
economic activity from the 1600s until today has been contraband.
KEY TO MAP 11
South American protected areas
1. Yanomami Reserve:
In 1991 the governments of Venezuela and Brazil issued
decrees designating a contiguous cross-border area totalling 17.8 million
hectares as a protected reserve for the Yanomami, a group of at most 16,000
The Yanomami still live in a largely hunting and
gathering mode in the jungle, their life expectancy averages about 30 years,
and many practice infanticide and cannibalism. The Yanomami project is
designed to create a buffer state nearly the size of Uruguay between Brazil
and Venezuela, abrogating national sovereignty and under supranational
This cross-border park is a model of what the IUCN calls Category VII
"National Biotic Area/Anthropological Reserves," which they
define as protected areas "allowing the way of life of societies living in
harmony with the environment to continue undisturbed by modern technology."
As of 1992, seven countries in Ibero-America had Category VII reserves:
Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico, Panama, and Venezuela. In the
case of Brazil, 250 such Indian reserves had been established as of 1994,
and another 265 await official demarcation. This amounts to 10.5% of the
national territory, set aside for about 300,000 people, or 0.2% of the total
The creation of the Yanomami reserve has been a personal project of the
British royal family for nearly 25 years.
The WWF's "human" division,
Survival International, was founded in 1969 to lead the campaign. Princes
Charles and Philip deployed personally to Brazil in 1990 and 1991 to promote
the project; the WWF ran an international publicity and pressure campaign
for the park; and the Overseas Development Authority's Lady Lynda Chalker
was sent to Brazil in 1990 to ram it through.
In July 1991, Sir Walter Bodmer, president of the Human Genome Organization,
announced that the Yanomamis would be the first tribe to have their genes
frozen and archived in London's Museum of Human Genetics as the first entry
in a planned "library" of genes of "peoples in extinction."
By 1992, there were 253 Category VII "anthropological reserves"
in the country, with over 6 million hectares of Amazon territory locked up
in such areas.
In 1989, the WWF's local branch, Fundacion Natura, demanded the
government expand its national protected areas system by creating more
indigenous "bioanthropological reserves." Mass protests by various
indigenist movements followed, and in 1992 the government demarcated an
additional 1.1 million hectares in Pastaza province as Indian territory.
June 1994 London's Latin America
Newsletter haWeti Ecuador's indigenous-international ecological alliance as
"the shape of things to come" throughout Ibero-America.
Fundacion Natura runs training programs for staff at the national protected
areas, manages two protected forests, and finances numerous ecological
projects. Part of their money comes from a 1988 debt-for-nature swap worth
$10 million, according to the IUCN. With international environmentalist
groups, they are deployed to shut down this country's oil industry.
October 1994, the UNDP proposed that Ecuador's Galapagos Islands in the
Pacific Ocean be removed entirely from national control, and placed under
international supervision in order to prevent ecological deterioration.
4. Upper Huallaga River Valley, Peru:
The premier cocaine-producing zone of
the premier cocaine-producing country in the world, this valley is dense
with ecological protected areas, including the indicated Biabo-Cordillera
Azul and Alexander von Humboldt national parks, which straddle the Huallaga
River and its drug-trafficking corridor.
It is also the main remaining locus
of the indigenist Shining Path narcoterrorists, who maintain a symbiotic
relationship with the drug traffickers.
5. Apurimac Reserved Zone, Peru:
In August 1994, Peruvian Army troops
uncovered 300 mass graves containing 1,200 corpses of butchered
Indians, on the eastern bank of the Ene River, inside the 1,669,290-hectare
Apurimac Reserved Zone. The Ashaninkas had been strangled or hacked to death
after years of enslavement, by British-backed Shining Path guerrillas
operating in the park.
Beginning in 1988, the narco-terrorists had forced the uncooperative
Ashaninkas to work "from sun-up to sun-down, stripping them of their lands,
their animals, and their meager belongings, subjecting them to .. .
interminable sessions of ideological indoctrination, watched, tortured, and
assassinated on the slightest allegation of 'treason' by political
commissars," according to the Peruvian daily La Republica.
When the Ashaninkas became ill from malnutrition or poor treatment, they were simply
eliminated as "human parasites."
London has been the international logistical and propaganda base for Shining
Path since at least 1983, when the Revolutionary International Movement
(RIM) was founded there. RIM, a terrorist international which includes
Shining Path, is committed to aiding "all indigenous peoples' struggles."
August 1992, the British Home Office, operating through its Independent
Broadcasting Authority (IBA), produced and broadcast a "documentary"
glorifying Shining Path, which it then handed over to the narco-terrorist
group for international use in fundraising and propaganda.
To produce the
report, two IBA reporters had accompanied Shining Path on their rampages.
This unpopulated nation is designated to become one large
"eco-tourist" camp. The Noel Kempff National Park, a wilderness area the
size of West Virginia on Bolivia's border with Brazil, is the centerpiece of
a government-private plan to bring in up to $1 billion from such "ecological
tourism" over the course of a decade.
Foreign sponsors of the park include:
the Nature Conservancy
Wildlife Conservation Society
the New York Academy of Sciences
the U.S. government's
Agency for International Development
Plans are already under way to triple
the size of the park, making it one of the largest in South America.
Back to The Ashaninkas and The Cosmic
The Argentine branch of WWF, the Fundacion Vida Silvestre
Argentina (FVSA), is deployed to,
block the construction of an oil pipeline
in the Cabo Virgenes area in the far south
has proposed legislation which
designates ecological crimes
drafted legislation which was later approved
which severely limits the use of pesticides in agriculture
the country's significant nuclear and aerospace industries for destruction
South American infrastructure projects
KEY TO MAP 12
South American projects
The protected areas have become a major obstacle to the construction of
great infrastructure projects, which are the only answer to the economic
genocide ravaging I bero-America.
The same obstruction of needed infrastructure projects applies in North
America, where the large tracts of set-aside land in the western states
block necessary water projects such as Nawapa (the North American Water and
The following three projects are the most critical in South America:
1. The Pan American Railroad:
This is a proposed continental North-South
line running down from North America through Central America, cutting across
the Darien Gap into Colombia, and then running south from Bogota, Colombia,
to Santa Cruz, Bolivia, along the narrow strip of flatlands on the eastern
slope of the Andes. In Santa Cruz it would link up with existing lines
running to Sao Paulo, Brazil and Buenos Aires, Argentina. The two most
important trans-Andean spurs would run from Iquitos to Chiclayo in Peru, and
from Santa Cruz to Arica, Chile.
These routes are blocked by environmental parks across Central America, such
as the proposed "Path of the Panther"; in the Darien Gap; throughout the
eastern slope of the Andes; and along both trans-Andean routes.
2. A new interoceanic canal:
The world needs a new sea-level canal capable
of handling supertankers of up to 300,000 tons deadweight. There are two
preferred routes: one cutting through Panama just west of the current canal;
another, known as the Atrato-Truando Canal, which runs through the Darien
Gap region of Colombia, taking advantage of existing rivers and lakes. They
are both blocked by existing and projected protected areas, including in the
Darien Gap and the "Path of the Panther."
3. River integration:
The single most important infrastructure project for
opening up the interior of the continent to development and population, is
the integration of the area's three great river systems; the Orinoco, the
Amazon, and the Rio de la Plata systems.
When the 10,000 km route is completed, ships could sail directly into every
country in South America, except for Chile, Sixty-eight percent of the route
is already navigable for medium-sized ships and barges; another 28% requires
relatively minor dredging, channel widening, and similar works; major
projects are required on only 4% of the route.
Of these, there are two major
canals, which must be constructed: one linking the Orinoco and the Amazon
rivers in southern Venezuela, the other connecting the Amazon and the Parani
rivers in western Brazil. Both fall in protected areas.
The royal plot to
The cutting edge of the attempt to shatter the sovereignty of the Australian
nation is the "aboriginal land rights" movement, the local arm of Prince
Philip's international "indigenous peoples" apparat.
A glance at a map shows
an almost unbroken swath of territory in the center of the country running
from the continent's northern coast to its southern one, in major portions
of which one needs a permit from the local aboriginal lands council to even
Australia's 250,000 aborigines, approximately 1.5% of the nation's
17 million population, at present hold 15% of the nation's land, and have
filed claims for another 10%.
these massive holdings form the basis to carte out an "aboriginal nation,"
which would split Australia in half
this has been called for by Australia's
Uniting Church Synod, the country's most influential religious body
Council of Churches-tied liberation theologists
the communist foot
soldiers of the aboriginal land rights movement
Protected areas of Australia
Such "sovereign aboriginal republics" were
called for at the fourth and sixth conferences of
the Communist International in the 1920s and have been standard leftist
demands since then.
Added to lands set aside under various
"wilderness" or conservation guises, the total land either now or in the
near future to be taken out of circulation, not all of
which is shown on the map, comprises at least 32% of the continent.
On June 3, 1992, the High Court of Australia ruled in the case of Eddie Mabo
v. Queensland that Australia's common law recognized native title to land.
The previous legal doctrine, which went back to 1788 and which had declared
Australia terra nullus (empty land) before the British arrived, was
overturned, potentially throwing the entire continent up for grabs.
In addition to private funding by those Anglophile Australian bluebloods
typified by the boards of the Australian Conservation Foundation and WWF-Australia,
the government's Aboriginal and Torres Straights Islanders Commission (ATSIC)
pours $2.2 billion per year into "aboriginal rights," little of which
In addition to the aboriginal-claimed land, vast chunks of Australia have
been confiscated under a myriad of "conservation," "world heritage," or
"wilderness" designations. Over 1.2 million square kilometers of
Australia's total of 7,682,427 have been so designated.
Australian Heritage Commission, like the Australian Conservation Foundation
a constituent body of the International Union for the Conservation of
Nature, reported 10,520 "conserved sites" in 1992; by the time of their
annual report for 1992-93, they had 18,000 such listings, with 1,576 more
WWF - Send Europe back to the Dark Age
If Prince Philip and the WWF have their way, Europe in the early years of
the twenty-first century will be a throwback to the feudal era of the Black
Plague that preceded the Golden Renaissance of the fifteenth century.
In the last two years, the WWF and one of its corporate affiliates, the
Heineken Breweries of The Netherlands, have produced a series of studies
advocating the break-up of the nation-states of Europe and a four-fold
increase in the number of nature preserves, game parks, and protected areas
in continental western Europe.
The Heineken study calls for redrawing the map of Europe into 75
mini-states, with populations of 10 million people at the most. Each
mini-state would be ruled by a member of one of the existing European Royal
Board Chairman A.H. Heineken, the sponsor of the plan, is a longtime booster
of WWF and IUCN efforts. For many years, John Loudon, the former chairman of
the board of Royal Dutch Shell and the international president of WWF from 1977 to 1981, had a seat on the Heineken board.
The plan has been embraced by Ecoropa, one of the important WWF affiliates
in Europe, founded by the late self-described "universal fascist" Denis de
Rougemont and Teddy Goldsmith.
This year, WWF and IUCN issued a study called "Parks for Life: Action for
Protected Areas in Europe," which called for quadrupling the set-aside land
in western Europe.
The scheme would shut down all pending plans for new rail
systems, water projects, and other vital East-West infrastructure projects,
because all of these interlinks would be cut off by the parks. The blueprint
is consistent with the Heineken proposal, and calls for the nation-state
system to be replaced with a new political geography based on "bio-regions."
To make sure that this re-feudalization scheme is successful, many of WWF's
wealthiest boosters, including a number of 1001 Club members, are reportedly
buying up large tracts of land in areas designated as future parks and
If Prince Philip and the WWF-IUCN apparatus run up against resistance to
these schemes, they have a growing Green Party movement across the continent
to turn to as goon squads.
Europe's Green movement was created as the joint
project of the WWF and the former secret police agencies of the Soviet bloc,
particularly the East German Stasi (state security service).
WWF role model is Cambodia's Pol Pot
Pol Pot, leader of the Khmer Rouge of Cambodia, has been extolled as the
ecological model by a key leader of the World Wide Fund for Nature, Edward
During the Khmer Rouge's brief four years in power in Cambodia,
1975-79, it is estimated that 3 million people out of a population of 7
million, were either murdered or died of starvation and exhaustion.
Writing in the London Guardian, journalist Patrick Wright noted that Teddy
Goldsmith, whose brother James Goldsmith is a business partner of financier
and LaRouche hater John Train, was pursuing a "hunter-gatherer ideal" in the
early 1970s. This led to the publication in 1972 of the "influential" book
Blueprint for Survival.
"Like others who have started out on
the far side of an enlightenment rejected as rationalistic, mechanistic, and
wholly unsustainable, members of this doom-saying circle were capable of
drawing bizarre and lamentable conclusions.
They foresaw a significant role
for the police and the courts in supervising the cataclysmic changes that
were surely to come, described racial tolerance as a sign of cultural
even got around to commending Pol Pot's Khmer Rouge as pioneers of
decentralized rural society."
Teddy Goldsmith knew his man well. Territory in Cambodia under Khmer Rouge
control in the 1990s has come under strict control of World Wide Fund for
Nature mandates, led by Pol Pot himself.
In the Jan. 31, 1991 Bangkok Post,
journalist James Pringle filed this story on the mass murderer:
"Pol Pot, the infamous leader of the Khmer Rouge, has called on Cambodians
to protect endangered species. He means, of course, Cambodia's diminishing
wildlife, though during the period of Khmer Rouge rule, the most endangered
species here was the human species."
Putting words into action, Pol Pot issued a directive calling on Cambodians
not to poach birds and animals and refrain from killing them for any reason
- presumably including for purposes of food consumption.
"One of the Khmer Rouge leader's most trusted lieutenants, Ta Mok, who is
known by Cambodians as 'The Butcher' because of his extreme cruelty, is also
now hot on ecology issues and the protection of endangered species,"
"Anyone contravening Pol Pot's 'green' directive along the northern border
of Cambodia where Ta Mok operates is brought before a jungle court and is
normally sentenced to four days' labor on constructing fencing for animal
WWF's eco-terrorist, eco-fascist legions
by Rogelio Maduro
In addition to the extensive military and terrorist apparatus set up by the
World Wildlife Fund in Africa, the WWF has directly spawned a global network
of organizations to carry out terrorist and proto-terrorist operations that
include everything from economic blockades and public demonstrations, to
terrorist violence and sabotage.
Although WWF has attempted to remain at
arms length from this eco-terrorist underground, public documents and
eyewitness accounts show that every one of the overtly "eco-terrorist"
groups that sprang up beginning in 1969 was directly bankrolled and steered
by the WWF.
There are several phases to this operation. In the first phase, 1969-71, the
WWF spawned Greenpeace and Friends of the Earth to initiate "direet action"
against targets pre-selected by the WWF. During this phase, the
proto-terrorist activities did not usually involve the destruction of life
Beginning in the late 1970s, during the height of the activities of such
underground terrorist groups as the Weathermen, the Baader-Meinhof gang, and
the Red Brigades, the first generation organizations spawned splinter groups
to carry out far more violent "direct actions" that involved the destruction
of property and, in some cases, murder.
Through the WWF's enormous control
over the free world media, each of these successive escalations in
eco-terrorism was greeted with largely favorable press coverage.
The founding of Greenpeace
The most important of the international eco-terror organizations,
Greenpeace, was created by the WWF in 1971 in Vancouver, British Columbia, a
well-known center of British Intelligence (i.e., British Crown) operations
in the Western Hemisphere.
Early Greenpeace membership was comprised of
members of the Vancouver Liberation Front, an affiliate of the Weathermen in
the United States, of Maoists, counter-culturalists, and operatives of the
Cadbury family-sponsored Quaker action movement.
The principal source of
early Greenpeace funding was the WWF, which purchased and Outfitted the
original Greenpeace "navy."
A series of more radical organizations was spawned from Greenpeace,
including the Sea Shepherd Society, Earth First! and People for the Ethical
Treatment of Animals/Animal
The leadership, funding, and logistical
base of these organizations are interchangeable. Susan Pardee, for example, who is a member of the Greenpeace
office in Seattle, Washington, is also a local leader of Earth
First! and the Native Forest Network. The Seattle Earth First!
office is located within the Greenpeace office.
As a result of this WWF effort, the United States and other nations have
increasingly fallen victim to a low-intensity war being carried out by
eco-terrorists. This war is rarely reported in the press.
Acts of terrorism
take place in the United States on a daily basis, including fire-bombings of
logging mills and livestock auction buildings; the destruction of farming,
logging, mining, and fishing equipment; and the sabotage of biomedical
Sea Shepherd terrorism
The case of Sea Shepherd' s campaign against the whaling industry is
Paul Watson, a member of the Vancouver Liberation Front who was
involved in the 1973 shootout with U. S. federal agents at the Wounded Knee
Indian Reservation and who is a founding member of Greenpeace, created a
more radical splinter group in 1977 called the Sea Shepherd Conservation
Watson was bankrolled from day one by WWF-U.S. activist Cleveland
Amory, head of the Fund for Animals, and by Britain's Royal Society for the
Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. This money was used to purchase a British
fishing boat which was used to hunt down the Portuguese whaling vessel
On July 17, 1979, Sea Shepherd rammed the Sierra off the coast of Portugal.
Portuguese Coast Guard vessels captured the Sea Shepherd and were going to
hold it as security until Watson paid for the damage caused to the Sierra.
Instead of paying the $750,000 repair bill, Watson sank the Sea Shepherd in
the Portuguese port of Leixoes on Dec. 31,1979.
Shortly afterward, on Feb. 5, 1980, a team of three eco-terrorists blew up
the Sierra in Lisbon.
An unidentified woman called the Lisbon office of UPI
from Spain and stated,
"The Sea Shepherd is avenged! Make no mistake about
it; this was no accident; this was a deliberate act of sabotage! The Sierra
will kill no more whales! We did it for the Sea Shepherd!"
On April 27,
1980, the Isba I and Isba II, two of Spain's five whalers, were blown up in
the harbor of Marin, near Vigo, Spain. According to Watson, the Spanish
whaling ships were blown up by the same three unidentified eco-terrorists who
had blown up the Sierra two months earlier.
From this start, Watson's Sea Shepherd has led a terror campaign against the
fishing and whaling ships of many nations. Watson takes credit for the
sinking of several Icelandic and Norwegian whaling vessels. In addition, Sea
Shepherd has rammed dozens of vessels, cut nets, and otherwise carried out
actions defined as piracy under international law.
Despite all of his actions and one criminal
conviction in Norway, Watson is a free man, unhindered by U.S. law
The presently closing dynastic cycle
This is the concluding section of the "presentation of the case to the
by Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr.
To judge the criminality of the accused, the evidence which has now been
presented to you should be sufficient. To decide what course of action must
be chosen to cure this crime, we must focus now upon four additional,
For many of you, these additional facts represent a difficulty which it is
urgent that you surmount. That difficulty is that although each of those
points is a matter of historical fact, it is a fact which conflicts with
stubborn popular misconceptions. Insofar as literate people of good will
must share some of the blame for the perilous situation in which humanity is
presently situated, their ignorance or neglect of those four facts is a
contribution to the influence of those evils which have caused the present
global crisis of mankind.
The administration of justice in the case at hand
depends upon your willingness to examine the relevance of this additional
We have been mustered by the outcry from an urgent crisis, not to punish
some selected scapegoats, but to craft a judgment which focuses upon curing
the problem before us. The duty to which we have been called by circumstance
requires, first, that the jurors understand the historical setting in which
the crime has been committed: that these horrors have arisen during the
closing phase of a "dynastic cycle" in European history, a cycle of
approximately five centuries.
To understand the characteristics of the presently ongoing collapse of the
global political, monetary, and financial order, one must situate the recent
six centuries of European civilization's rise to global domination within
the longer span of similar, earlier cycles of rise and fall of formerly
dominant cultures. None of these cycles, including the present one, can be
understood without first conceptualizing the second and third facts and the
mutual interaction of those two facts.
The second fact to be taken into account is the special nature of the human
species, as the past six centuries of world history have made most plain the
differences between human and animal demographies.
Mankind is the only
species which can willfully increase its potential relative population
density, a distinct power of the individual person shown most directly and
simply by the impact of valid, axiomatic-revolutionary scientific discovery
of principles of nature upon the productive powers of labor.
heritage of the Renaissance has shown, more brilliantly than in any earlier
portion of history, the nature of mankind lies in the potential
creative-mental powers of the individual person, a notion of man in
axiomatic opposition to what the modern British oligarchical tradition has
adopted as its empiricist definition of "human nature."2
Only from the standpoint of that second fact, can the significance of the
third fact, oligarchism, be understood in a practical fashion. It is the
conflict between, on the one side, the Mosaic notion of man as in the image
of God,3 and the bestial view of man, inherent in oligarchism, that the
functional characteristics of history's and pre-history's "dynastic cycles"
The anti-Renaissance "Enlightenment" is to be recognized as a
consistent, if modern example of the same type of oligarchism which caused
the fall of Babylon and Rome.
1. See Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr., So, You Wish To Learn All About Economics?
(New York: New Benjamin Franklin House, 1984), passim. See also The Science
of Christian Economy (Washington, D.C.: Schiller Institute, 1991), pp. 6-26,
2. In other words, the empiricist notion of man as presented by Henry VIII's
Venetian marriage counsellor's, Francesco Zorzi'sHarmonia Mundi (1525), in
the rosicrucian dogmas of Venetian Paolo Sarpi' s english proteges, Francis
Bacon and Robert Fludd, in the writings of Bacon' s Thomas Hobbes, in the
"social contract" dogma of John Locke, and of the English "Venetian Party's"
David Hume, Adam Smith, Jeremy Bentham, and in the utilitarianism of John
Stuart Mill, et al. That anti-Christian, empiricist doctrine of "human
nature" is otherwise known as the 17th and 18th centuries' Enlightenment;
this includes not only the Venice-created, anti-Leibniz faction of Voltaire,
Maupertuis, Algarotti, Euler, et al. at Paris and Frederick the Great's
Berlin Academy, but also Immanuel Kant and the 19th-century Romantics and
3. On the reading of Genesis 1:26-28, see Philo Judaeus, On The Creation, in
Philo, Vol. I, F.H. Colson and G.H. Whitaker, trans., Loeb Classical Library
(Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1981). The working point referenced in
this way takes into account the historical fact that Philo, a contemporary
of Jesus Christ and the Apostles, and a sometime collaborator of the Apostle
Peter against the Mithraic Gnostics of Simon Magus et al., played a leading
part in resurrecting the Mosaic heritage, and reflects the view of the
Mosaic heritage found among the Christian Apostles, including John and Paul.
The fourth among these crucial historical facts to be considered, is the
notion of what the achievements of modern European civilization might be, if the impulse supplied by the Renaissance
were freed from the encumbrance of cohabitation with usury-based, venetian-style
To that purpose, one might focus initially upon the
policy-changes, the "cultural-paradigm shift," which have led the planet
downward, especially during the past 30-odd years, to the present verge of a
global "New Dark Age."
The famous aphorism runs, "Don't throw out the baby
with the bath water", to rescue the accumulated achievements of the past six
centuries, out from under the collapsed rubble of the London-dominated
monetary and financial system, is precisely the image the jurors might
consider, in seeking a practicable decision of that quality which is
consistent with the curative principle of justice.
We now present a thumb-nail description of the present "dynastic cycle."
That image supplies the benchmark conception to which the relevant facts of
the matter are related thereafter.
The origin, rise, and fall of the British Empire
The breaking economic and financial crises now gripping the entirety of this
planet reflect the close of an approximately 500-year cycle in european
This cycle began in the aftermath of the temporary rout of the vast
maritime, political, and financial power of Venice, a rout caused by the
mid-14th century disintegration of what is known to today's historians as
the "the Lombard debt-bubble," a collapse which immediately plunged all of
Europe into a "New Dark Age."
The new cycle, which came to the surface
during the 15th century, has been determined by the emerging conflict
between the two leading forces within european culture during that century.
On the one side, there were the forces of the Golden Renaissance, centered
around such figures as Cardinal
Nicolaus of Cusa and the 1439-40 Council of
Florence. On the opposing side, was the reemerging power of the
Venice-centered European aristocratic and financier oligarchy.
From the time
of that council, especially following the war of the League of Cambrai
against Venice, at the beginning of the 16th century,5 all
since the 15th century within Europe and globally has been dominated by the
cultural conflict between the radiated influence of the Renaissance and the
opposing, Venice-launched force of the so-called "Enlightenment."
During the very early 16th century, when the present "dynastic cycle" was
first defined, the strategic situation was as follows.
4. The following description of the current dynastic cycle is a summary of
the facts presented in Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr., "How Bertrand Russell Became
an Evil Man," Fidelio, Autumn 1994.
The intellectual power of the Renaissance was the heritage of Nicolaus of Cusa's founding of the principles of the modern system
of nation-states and of modern science.
That influence is typified by the
titanic intellects of Leonardo da Vinci, Erasmus of Rotterdam, and
Sanzio. Through the failure to resolve the issues within Italy itself, the
modern nation-state was established first in France, by and under King Louis
Louis XI's success fostered movements for establishing similar
forms of nation-state in England and in Spain, in which the Oratorian and
other Renaissance networks of Leonardo, Erasmus, and Raphael contributed in
The ensuing, admittedly unstable alliance among Queen Isabella' s Spain,
Henry VII's Tudor England, and the heritage of Louis XI in France,6 formed
around the Vatican the backbone of the anti-Venice alliance, the League of Cambrai. At the very point in that war that Venice was about to be conquered
by the allies, its vast and evil usurious power broken forever, Venice
succeeded in corrupting some of the allies; the League of Cambrai was
Venice used the breathing-space it obtained so, to use corruption
once again, to break up the alliance among France, Spain, and Tudor England.
This was accomplished by Venice's use of the trollop Anne Boleyn to tease
King Henry VIII, crazed by Anne's persisting sexual harassment, into
measures which created a virtual permanent state of warfare among France,
Spain, and England, from 1527 until the British cultural subjugation of
France in the aftermath of the 1814 Congress of Vienna.
Thus, the presently closing, 500-year cycle of history began.
Admittedly, throughout the history of its existence as a political and
financial entity, Venice always attempted to take over as much as possible,
especially of payments, from any nation into which it could sink its
diplomatic and financial claws.
That consideration, and Venice's intent to
keep the European powers at each other's throats, represent the only clear
purposes behind the great influence which Venice exerted in England, from
the time of Anne Boleyn's flirtations with Henry VIII, until 1582.
A change in this relationship of Venice to London came in the aftermath of
the 1582 victory of Paolo Sarpi's radical faction (the giovani) over
Venice's traditionalists (the vecchi); Sarpi's majority faction sought to
shift the base of the Venetian oligarchy's operations from the strategically
vulnerable Venice itself, to a new Venetian maritime power in the northern
protestant countries, while the minority concentrated upon operating from
within the factions of the nominally Catholic Counter-Reformation regions,
to the south.
Sarpi's faction chose London as the future headquarters of a
"new Venice of the North."
6. For the edification of any carping critics: The differences in policy
between Louis XI's nationalism and Charles VIII's (of France) reversion to
pre-Renaissance dynastic games, need not be reviewed in the context of this
Out of a bloody transitional struggle during the last two decades of
Elizabethan England, the accession of the Sarpi (e.g., Cecil) faction's
candidate, James VI of Scotland, to the English throne as James I, was the
first formal step toward developing a London-centered "new Venice" as a
global maritime and financial power like the imperial maritime power which
Venice itself had enjoyed in the Mediterranean littoral during most of the
12th, 13th, and 14th centuries.
By the late 17th and early 18th centuries, especially from the accession of
William of Orange in 1688-89, the term "Venetian Party" was freely and
widely used to describe the Liberal Party of England and the United Kingdom.
This new form of British rule was not something autochthonously developed by
the English people; it was imposed from the top down, by a combination of
trickery, treason, and bloody force.
With the defeat of the Tory opposition
to the Venetian Liberals, during the final years of Queen Anne, English
sovereignty was crushed when the Mr. Welf also known as Georg Ludwig of
Hanover, an asset of the Antonio Conti who was then Venice's chief spy,
ascended the newly established British throne as King George I.
From the 1760s rise to power by William Petty, the Second Earl of Shelburne,
the East India Company potentate placed immediately above the throne,
Venice's agents completed the intellectual retooling of the British Liberals
for the tasks of creating a worldwide British Empire.
This retooling was represented chiefly by what is known today by the somewhat misleading term,
philosophical radicalism," or, simply, "radical empiricism."
exponents of this radical Venetian dogma are:
Jeremy Bentham, founder of the British foreign intelligence service
and coordinator of the French Jacobin Terror
the famous plagiarist of Venetian Giammaria Ortes's
published writing on population control, Thomas Malthus
In 1814, Britain's Venetian Party completed its immediate goal of France's
It then prepared for its next imperial objectives: by
the crushing of Britain's former allies, Metterriich's Holy Alliance,
through subversion by British agent Mazzini's radical terrorists, and by
London's reliance upon the treasonous corruption of certain factions within
the United States for the reassimilation of the United States under British
Except for the United States, the combined result of the
revolutions and wars of the 19th century, and two world wars during the 20th
century was: every one of the major transatlantic competitors of British
power which had been standing proudly at the beginning of the 19th century,
was either destroyed by war and revolution, or reduced to a servile state of
political corruption, as was post-1918 France of the Third Republic.
U.S.A. political factions prominently associated with Theodore Roosevelt's
or Woodrow Wilson's legacies, even the United States often played the part
of an American dog on a British geopolitical and cultural leash.
Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832),
one of the leaders of the "Venetian
Party" in Britain,
founded the British foreign intelligence service.
As we must recognize from
the documented samplings of prominent persons and financier interests
rallied around Prince Philip's "Allgemeine SS," his World Wildlife Fund
backers, the British monarchy is not a secretion of the people of the United
The current status of the Welf monarchy of Britain is that of
"Primate among Parasites" for a truly international oligarchy, an oligarchy
which knows no national loyalties, but which uses the British monarchy as
its doge, much as the great princes of the so-called Habsburg Reich coddled
or killed even members of the royal family through instruments such as the Geheimpolizei of von Kaunitz and Metternich.
Look at the physical evidence
today: Britain's imperial conquests manifestly have not been for the
interest of the British people; the conquests have ultimately unified
virtually all among the surviving royal, princely, aristocratic, and
financial nobility of Europe (and beyond) into a single international
oligarchy, a body of parasites which the currently reigning British doge
serves as Primate.
As long as credible potentially contending powers
existed, the London-centered international oligarchy did not dare suppress
entirely the institutions of nation-state and scientific progress.
hated those institutions, but they dared not evade them as long as
potentially credible adversaries existed, lest the reigning Welf party's
feral oligarchs themselves become materially weak strategically in the face
of then-intended prey.
It was only after the 1962 Cuba Missile Crisis, about
30 years ago, when the Soviet Union signed on to
the nuclear-weapons condominium prescribed by Bertrand Russell, that the
oligarchy dared to unleash its desire to ruin, and then eradicate the
institution of the nation-state, scientific progress, and reason itself,
through such "New Age" ventures as "post-industrial," anti-science
utopianism and the rock-drug-sex counterculture.
The result of the introduction of that mass "cultural-paradigm shift" during
the past 30 years, has been to bring the entire planet to the present verge
of a collapse into large-scale economic and political disintegration.
1964, following the assassination of President John F. Kennedy and the
emergence of the ruinous Harold Wilson government in the United Kingdom,
there has been an accelerating, global collapse of the rate of
physical-economic growth in scale and productivity of output and essential
basic economic infrastructure, per capita and per square kilometer.
United States itself, as measured in those physical units, negative growth
has prevailed continuously since the early 1970s, accelerating rapidly since
1982. Meanwhile, post-Thatcher Britain is a rubble-heap of formerly
industrialized ruins, where the activity of financier saprophytes is called
The delusion of "periods of prosperity" in North America and Europe during
the past 20 years, is premised on a combination of out-rightly faked
statistics and, more significant, the fact that the financial system, for
which the data is reported, has been de-coupled increasingly from the real
economy of production and trade.
The inevitability of the early collapse of the present global monetary and
financial system is fairly summed up in the following three paragraphs.
The present terminal sickness of the global financial system is marked by
the phenomena of highly leveraged, out-of-control markets in so-called
"derivatives." Marked by this lunatic speculation, the financial system is
operating like a vast, play-money casino, operating from dusk to dawn
according to a blending of "game theory" with those outer limits of lunacy
known as "chaos theory."
The bubble of speculation so devised hangs by the
thread of an income-stream taken from the real economy, an income-stream
which is a tiny fraction of the nominal financial income imputed to
investments in the bubble itself. In a word, the system is already bankrupt,
if any competent standards of audit-transparency were in force.
To postpone the implosive bursting of the bubble, an increase of the
original income-stream taken out of the real economy must occur.
the very existence of the bubble is already contracting the real economy at
an accelerating rate. To increase the rate of income-stream from the real
economy, means to attempt to lessen this week's instability of the bubble by
measures which worsen that same instability during the immediately ensuing
There are ominous similarities to the popping of the Lombard debt-bubble
during the middle of the 14th century. This is a system which is
axiomatically designed to self-destruct.
The destruction will occur either because sensible governments step in to
put the world's present central banking system and financial markets into
government-conducted financial bankruptcy reorganization, or, if governments
lack the political will to take those rational measures, the bubble will
burst inevitably in a manner which resembles, mathematically, a chemical,
nuclear, or thermonuclear explosion, except that this will be an implosion
defined functionally by
a reversed-leverage chain-reaction.
The reason this situation has been permitted to develop, is that the most
powerful of the ensconced political potencies of this planet, the
international oligarchy, threatens to destroy anyone, any nation which is
considered a threat to the continued growth of this financial bubble, or a
threat to the continuation of the "New Age" cultural paradigms.
likely course of events, is that matters will become worse until the point
is reached, as was the case after the mid-14th century debt-bubble crash,
that the oligarchy is perceived to have lost enough of its financial and
political power that remedial actions are not altogether disallowed.
So, we may view the now-ending long-cycle in its proper, axiomatic political
terms. On the one side, there is the upward impulse, the not-entropic
impulse, supplied by the principles of nation-state and investment in
fostering and employing scientific progress. On the opposing side, there is
the anti-nation-state, anti-science, and pro-usury, entropic impulse,
supplied by that international oligarchy which was formerly centered in
As the influence of the latter has increased, at the expense of the
political power of the former, the entropic impulse within the society tends
to predominate, increasing the power of the oligarchic faction by weakening
the power of its opponent.
So1, the interaction of the opposing axioms of the two conflicting
tendencies defines the cycle.
This cycle is now emerging in its end-phase as
a prospective, imminent disintegration of that British "Venetian Party"
dynasty which has reigned nearly five centuries, from the sex-crazed Henry
VIII to the imminent fall of the House of Windsor.
Until the emergence of modern Europe during the 15th century Golden
Renaissance, for as far back into history and pre-history as our knowledge
reaches, more than 90% of the households of each and all peoples subsisted
upon a more or less brutish form of rural labor.
As the case of the Delphi
cult's oligarchical Sparta illustrates the point, the prevailing state of
actual or virtual serfdom paralleled, and all too often coincided with the
evil of outright chattel slavery. Those forms of society, often described as
the "Asian model," are the paradigm for what we have identified here as
Consider one typical case of an oligarchical form of society: a state
premised upon a configuration of four castes, estates, or classes. In this
type, the households in a serf-like condition are at the bottom. At the top
is a collection of ruling families, to such effect that the collective
power of this oligarchy to govern the state lies in the relatively less
mortal, corporate form of the family institution, rather than the highly
mortal individual member of that household.7
Proximate to the oligarchy as
such is a priest-caste, such as the early chaldean pagan priest-caste and
its "magician" successors, or the priesthood of the Delphi cult of
Below both of these, but above the serf-caste
and slaves, the plebeians: craftsmen, merchants, and so on.
The most influential relatively recent codification of an oligarchical form
of society is found in the notorious "socialist" Code of the pagan Roman
emperor Diocletian, the model for the modern "eugenicists" and other radical
In contrast to modern platonic culture and christianity, oligarchism, such
as that of the Darwins, Huxleys, and Harvard University's B.F. Skinner and
Herrnstein, allows no strict distinction between mankind and the beasts. The
general tendency, often enough a codified practice of rigid oligarchical
societies, is to treat the separation of the upper from lower classes as a
distinction between an inferior and superior animal species.
The oligarchical division among ruling and inferior castes is defended, often
explicitly, by the apology that these distinctions are the product of
natural, biological, genetic distinctions.8
That is the so-called "Asiatic model" of oligarchism which was transmitted
from Ishtar's Mesopotamia and Moloch's Tyre into the European forms of
oligarchism echoed by the House of Windsor today.
Plato and the Christian revolution
In known history, the first clear attempt to break with this oligarchical
system, is seen in the maritime power of those Ionian city-state republics
which certain forces in Egypt sponsored against the canaanite maritime power
of Tyre, and against the spread of
the babylonian model of empire generally.
With Solon's reforms at Athens, the contrast between
Solon's laws and Lycurgus's law for Sparta serves to the present-day as the best choice of
benchmark of reference for the difference in principle between political
good and political evil in European history to date.9
7. The Roman pagan law's notion of paterfamilias is exemplary of the nature
of this distinction. The Venetian family's fondo is an echo of the Roman law
of paterfamilias; it is the trustees of the fondo, not the biological
members of the nominal family, which exert the authority of paterfamilias.
8. The oligarchs, like the British aristocrats or U.S. self-styled
"patricians," often apply the rales of thumb borrowed from breeding of
cattle and dogs to the mating practices of their own progeny. Considering
the decadence shown by today's litters of heirs from such aristocratic and
wealthy families, one must say fairly that the intellectual qualities
ostensibly produced by such breeding-practices are scarcely awe-inspiring.
9. Friedrich Schiller, "The Legislation of Lycurgus and Solon" (1790),
George Gregory, trans., Friedrich Schiller: Poet of Freedom (Washington.
D.C.: Schiller Institute, 1988), pp. 273-305.
The chief precursor of modern science and also the modern alternative to the oligarchical model of society, is the writings and influence of Plato and
his Academy at Athens.
The pre-foundations of the modern european nation-state are found in the
Apostle Paul's mission to the gentiles.
Although christianity was within the
context defined by Moses worship, the Pauline mission broke from the ethnic
bounds of Roman-captivity Judaism to practice Jesus-christ's message, that
all persons are in the image of God, and thus each and all set above all
beasts, by virtue of that capacity for generating and receiving those
qualities of valid axiomatic-revolutionary discoveries of principle which
are typified by great Classical forms of works of art and by physical
scientific discovery in the tradition of Plato, Nicolaus of Cusa, Leonardo
da Vinci, Kepler, and Leibniz today.
The same principle was reemphasized
with great clarity by the Christian platonist Augustine, who is the central
figure of the organization of a western european Christianity freed of the
gnostic corruptions rampant in the eastern empire.
Although that principle was always embedded in Christian faith, it was not
efficiently incorporated in the doctrine of statecraft until the work of
Cusa and other key figures of the 1439-40 Council of Ferrara/Florence. Until
that Renaissance, western European society was governed by an imperial,
oligarchical notion of law.
Earlier christian efforts to change that were
assaulted with infuriated great force by the feudal oligarchies which saw
attempts to elevate the mental and political condition of the lower castes
as a threat to the oligarchical order. Nowhere on this planet, until that
Renaissance, did a nation-state exist, or was a society dedicated to the
general promotion of increase of the productive powers of labor through a
The case of the young revolutionary United States of America is a crucial
demonstration of the introduction of that Christian principle to the
ordering of society' s secular affairs.
The Federal U.S.A. of the 1790 Census shows that, even that recently, over
90% of the population subsisted from rural occupations. However, at that
time, the literacy, the productivity, and the standard of living of the
Americans were each already more than twice the level existing in the United
That American "Latin farmer," is typified by his literacy in the
political tracts of such writers as Tom Paine and Alexander Hamilton; those
are texts beyond the capacity of the relatively less literate, typical
U.S. high-school graduate, even many university graduates. The potential
basis, in morals and literacy, for a great upward transformation in the
conditions of family and national life were already visible during the late
The benefits are traceable in the changing composition of
employment and real incomes of the U.S. workforce over the span from 1790
into the mid-1960s, until the pestilence known as the "New Age
cultural-paradigm shift" was unleashed upon our society.
This U.S. example illustrates the unprecedented achievements of the Golden Renaissance's establishment of the new norms of
nation-state and scientific and artistic development for all of the
population. We see the breaking-down of the oligarchical class-barriers
which had kept mankind morally beneath its birthright for so long.
Plato's contribution to the principles of human knowledge was indispensable
for making this possible.
In the exemplary case of his famous Parmenides
dialogue, he presents a pedagogy for demonstrating a fully intelligible
principle of human creativity lying outside and absolutely above the level
of mere deductive arguments such as those of Parmenides, the sophists, and
This principle, which appears in Classical forms of poetry,
drama, music, and painting as the principle of true metaphor, enables us to
define the act of creativity as a mental object, an object not dependent
upon the mere senses, an object rendering intelligible to us those forms of
mental activity through which we are able willfully to generate, and to
assimilate valid axiomatic-revolutionary discoveries of principle respecting
universal lawfulness of the universe.
This mental object, so defined, is the object to which we must refer when we
describe the individual person as,
"in the image of God," or, the same thing,
"possessed from birth with 'a divine spark of reason'."
It is this power to receive and impart conceptions which are valid,
axiomatic-revolutionary discoveries of natural principles which has enabled
mankind to increase willfully the productive powers of labor, per capita,
per household, and per square kilometer, in such a way as to increase the
potential population-density of the human species by more than three decimal
orders of magnitude above the level possible for "primitive
In this and other expressions, this
creative-mental practice of the individual is the source of the
"not-entropy" of all relatively successful modes of society, as distinct
from those cultures which are inherently doomed, dead-ends.
The demonstrated superiority of the culture flowing from the Golden
Renaissance over any other culture which ever existed, expresses the power
unleashed by forms of statecraft and scientific and cultural progress
consistent with the understanding that human creativity is a fully
intelligible conception, the only empirical basis for the notion of the
person as in the living image of God the Creator,
In principle, we may look into the eyes of any child, of any parentage, and
see that mental object existing behind those eyes, so to speak. That is
seeing one's fellow-human as "in the image of God." Once we have seen that,
we could tolerate no longer a policy which degrades any household into a
state of beastly slavery or serfdom.
It must be our passion, that these
children shall be developed in their minds to receive and impart valid
conceptions of creative-mental discovery in art, in science, and in
technology of productive practice. It must be our passion, that society must
be organized to such effect that this right to live as a truly human being
ought, is a universal right, around which society as a whole must be
As Augustine shows, it is the method of Plato informed by Christianity,
which is the basis for public morality: political, economic, and otherwise.
The Christian is freed from the piggishness of racialism and class
prejudice, freed from self-degradation to the likeness of a mere beast.
Whoever has glimpsed the evil of early history, should recognize as hateful
and mass-murderous, anything like Prince Philip's proposal: to return the
world to a state of affairs in which any other view of man but as in the
image of God's creative nature were to prevail as the law among nations.
For more than five centuries, the oligarchy has hated the Golden Renaissance
as the gods of Zeus's pagan Olympus hated playwright Aeschylus' Prometheus.
Bringing "fire," the knowledge that the individual person's gift of creative
reason casts him in the living image of God, menaces the power of those olympian tyrants who would be considered immortal gods by foolish men and
women. To bring the utmost rage to the features of a true oligarch, threaten
to educate the cognitive potentials of his serf.
In the old oligarchical model, the peasant is regarded as just an animal.
The oligarch puts the peasant in a field, in a stall, just as he keeps
"other cattle." The peasant-animal grows food, just as a cow produces meat
and milk. So many cows (or peasants), so much food, as long as the pastures
are not overcrowded!10
Just so, wild game is raised in forest preserves of
the princes and dukes: The prince's park rangers kill off the extra venison
when the game-herd becomes too numerous. So, Prince Philip uses precisely
that image to describe the methods he employs to manage the size of the
human population, worldwide.11
To understand this issue of oligarchism adequately, one
should compare experience within western Europe and the
Americas with the problems which development faces from
within the cultures of Asia.
10. What we have identified here are the philosophical assumptions underlying
the anti-Colbert Physiocratic dogma of figures such as that asset of Abbot
Antonio Conti's salon, Dr. Francois Quesnay. Except as Adam Smith extended
Quesnay's dogma respecting agricultural labor to manufacturing labor, all of
Smith's notions of morality and political-economy were either copies of the
views set forth by Quesnay by 1758, or copies of the influence of those
members of Conti's salon from which Quesnay derived his. With those modest
qualifications, Smith was a Physiocrat, and a complete oligarchist.
Quesnay's views were informed by missionaries' reports on the principles of
China's oligarchical model. In both Quesnay and Smith, and with all
Venetians of the 15th through early 19th centuries, human creativity was
flatly denied to exist at all, and excluded from consideration in respect to
efficient factors of social change. Venice' s oligarchical philosophy was,
and remains, the bestialization of mankind.
11. In an Oct. 27,1991 appearance on French national television, Prince
Philip walked the interviewer through the paces on the way in which the
prince's crowd arranged the mass-killing of excess populations of wild
animals inhabiting the "protected" areas of the Africa wild-game preserves.
Then, in response to the interviewer's obvious question, the prince replied:
"This is the same principle for man; only, for us, our protected area is the
entire Earth. The principle is really the same."
At the same time that the European oligarchy represented by the House of
Windsor does everything its tyrannical arrogance dares to venture, aided by
International Monetary Fund and
World Bank, in virtually crushing out of
existence any possibility of scientific and technological progress in
developing of the so-called Third World, there is also a powerful internal
resistance against progress from within the populations of the developing
sector, as in Asia.
The success of oligarchies from within these developing
nations in preventing the improvement of the quality of life of their poorer
strata, depends to a large degree on strong resistance to change from within
the ranks of those same poorer strata. Indeed, in all human history, few
tyrannies could have persisted for as long as they did, but for such
culturally determined complicity among the victims.
So, in the fight against chattel slavery within the pre-Civil War U. S. A.,
the African-American civil rights leaders adopted the expression, that
literacy matching European Classical standards is the essential difference
between the free man and the slave.
The mechanism by which the serf is motivated to defend the forms of
enslavement he suffers, is more readily understood by examining similar
forms of self-degradation commonplace among U.S. left-wingers, such as
anarcho-syndicalists or other culturally illiterate populists. The
oligarchical intelligentsia is aware of this mechanism and relies upon it as
the chief means by which the victims of oligarchism are induced to assist in
putting on one another's chains each night.
To gain insight into the
psychological origins of oligarchism, and to understand the tricks on which
the modern oligarchy has most relied to control the serfs, one must muster
insight into the self-degradation of the mind of the populists or analogous
cases among the victims.
There is a profound principle involved here, but the point is of crucial
Insofar as the individual person's world-outlook is more or less limited to
emphasis upon an associative form of interaction between his or her emotions
and sense-objects, that person tends to share the misanthropic misconception
of "human nature" one meets in Zorzi, Sarpi, Bacon, Hobbes, Locke, Adam
Smith, Jeremy Bentham, et al.
For those unfortunates, the reality of one's
own existence is imagined to begin with earliest recollections of
sense-experiences, and to end when the senses go silent. Anything beyond
that he attributes to an Orphic after-life in Hades. A poor wretch like
that, if he is of an academic bent, readily accepts those disgusting 1759
utterances which Smith later resurrected for his 1776, Physiocratic dogma of
the so-called "Invisible Hand":
Nature has directed us... by original and immediate
Hunger, thirst, the passion which unites the
two sexes, the love of pleasure, and the dread of pain, prompt us to apply
those means for their own sakes, and without any consideration of their
tendency to those beneficent ends which the great Director of Nature
intended to produce by them.12
12. Adam Smith, The Theory of the Moral Sentiments, (1759).
Matters are entirely different with any person who is aware of the efficient
use of his own and others' creative-mental powers.
In mathematics, for
example, our scientific knowledge of that subject-matter begins by our
replicating the discoveries of such as Pythagoras and Plato, reliving in
one's own mind, as student, their mental experience of discoveries from
thousands of years ago. It is the same with every other discovery mastered
in a similar way.
The student whose mental powers are developed in that way,
is keenly aware that the practical benefits of modern mathematics
incorporate, as presently efficient principles of work, ideas generated by
individuals now deceased many centuries, or even millennia. Such a student
recognizes that the distinction which sets mankind above the beasts is the
discovery and perpetuation of those valid ideas which are the accumulated
sum-total of human knowledge to date, all acquired and transmitted through
the agency of this mental-creative faculty.
Such a student has access to a realization that one's own, brief mortal
existence is an opportunity for a participation in all of human existence,
taking from the distant past and giving to the far distant future.
the ground on which that student finds his vast moral superiority over the
populist "practical man" who knows only the fruit of his sense-experience
and blind passions.
When the oligarchs reduce a large portion of humanity to the status of
talking cattle, as they did to slaves and serfs, they not merely suppress
the human potentials of the victims. They also dehumanize them by
transforming them into "regular guys" of the reduced status to which they
The fate of peoples, nations, and the outcome of a personal mortal life is
determined by processes which span, ultimately, the entirety of human
existence, past and future. From the past, we inherit the accumulation of
ideas developed by others before, and the condition of man-improved (or
worsened) conditions of life. The outcome of our having lived as a person
lies with our posterity.
The crux of the matter, on both accounts, is our
self-governance by selection of those ideas which guide us to act upon the
course of history, as we encounter all humanity, all history, while it
passes through our mortal time.
The individual who lives with that awareness of ideas, and his or her
relationship to such a realm of ideas, is the truly adult human being. The
victim of oligarchical thinking is relatively infantile, or worse, morally
as well as intellectually.
The person who is morally degraded from a person of ideas, to a mere
"practical man" of "my personal experience," flees from his or her
contributing responsibility for the outcome of human history, for the
general welfare of our posterity.13
13. On this, contrast the Preamble of the U.S. Federal Constitution to
oligarchical parody found in the Constitution of the Confederate States of
America. The U.S. Constitution's intent is thus shown, by the "general
welfare clause," to be the adoption of Gottfried Leibniz's principle of
natural law, and a rejection of the immorality of Locke's oligarchical
"social contract" dogma, which Locke embedded in the colonial law of the
Carolinas. The Confederacy, like Locke, was an expression of oligarchy in
the evil tradition of Lycurgan Sparta, in contrast to the tradition of Solon
and George Washington represented by President Lincoln.
He or she flees into the virtual reality
worshipped by the fan of "soap opera."
For him or her, everything is a
matter of an empiricist' s pairwise interactions among persons in the "here
and now." The empiricist's preoccupation with his or her personal affairs,
so defined, rules him. He is too busy with such pairwise interactions in his
pitiably tiny here and now to assume moral accountability for the outcome of
his generation's having lived.
He flees from the big issues into the
microscopic realm of what he calls "my affairs," and "my personal morality."
He can tolerate any great crime against humanity with self-assured moral
self-satisfaction, as long as he is not caught in such personal offenses in
the very small as stealing or adultery.
Thus, do such immoral persons
smugly, and obscenely call themselves "Christians" while endorsing Adam
Smith's thieving, mass-murderous dogma of "free trade."
The most commonplace evil practiced by small people is smug confidence in
the moral-indifferentist practice of such small-mindedness. It is upon this
consenting wickedness in the smugly self-righteous oppressed that
oligarchical rule finds the democratic consent to the most monstrous
tyrannies. So, until now, have oligarchs fooled most of the people most of
the time, and some of the people all of the time.
So, victims of serfdom or
the like may be induced to commit treason against their own humanity.
The mechanism of the cycle
The clearest model of the way in which dynastic cycles function is the cycle
now closing. Never before has the not-entropic impulse for increase of
potential population-density even approached the vigorous growth
accomplished through the Renaissance-launched institutions of nation-state
and scientific progress.
On the opposing side, whenever technological
stagnation is imposed upon society for an extended period, the result must
be an entropic collapse in the potential population-density. It is the
interaction among the two contrary impulses, the not-entropic and entropic,
which is the cause of dynastic cycles such as this one.
From approximately 1510 until the mass-recruitment to the oligarchical
"cultural-paradigm shift" which surfaced during the 1964-68 interval,
european civilization was fairly characterized as of a dual character. The successes of that civilization,
as it spread throughout the world, were derived from the not-entropic impact
of the combined principles of the nation-state and scientific progress.
the same time, the civilization was being fatally corrupted, top-down, by
the entropic, oligarchical element which came to be centered in the
"Venetian Party's" British monarchy.
Then, coinciding with the assassination
of President John F. Kennedy, the oligarchy on top elected to begin the
final phase of total destruction of the not-entropic institutions of
nation-state and scientific progress. Under the impact of that latter, most
recent phase of this long cycle, the global system as a whole has been
brought to the verge of self-disintegration.
If we could resuscitate the heritage of the Renaissance, freed of the
discarded encumbrance of the Venice-fostered Enlightenment, the result would
be a unimodal, not-entropic form of cycle-free economic and related
The leading institutional problem is replacing the incurably bankrupt
present global monetary and financial system.
The measures of
physical-economic recovery required are either well-known or readily
identified. The use of state credit to finance both governmental and private
concerns in the development of urgently needed programs of repair and
expansion of basic economic infrastructure, in the public sector, will
provide, as it has done numerous times before, the stimulant for rapid
growth of the entrepreneurial private sector in agriculture and industry.
The crux of the matter is to replace the existing monetary and financial
systems, based on privately controlled central banking systems, by the kind
of system of national banking which tradition associates with the name of
U.S. Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton.
The implied life-death struggle
between private central banking systems and national banking, becomes now
the key to whether civilization as a whole recovers from this crisis, or
descends into the most menacing "New Dark Age" in history.
The oligarchy has brought about its own destruction.
indoctrination of its own ranks in the cultural paradigm causing this
present collapse, has produced, as the present generations of that
oligarchy, a stratum bereft of the capacity to recognize its own folly,
incapable of defining alternatives to the doom now threatening us all. For
some portions of that oligarchy, it is nonetheless clear, that as long as
the utter depravity represented by Prince Philip is allowed to continue to
dominate the oligarchy as a whole, the imminent doom of civilization is
So, the coming fall of the House of Windsor
is inevitable, in one
way or another.
For the rest of us, the task is simply to throw out the dirty, oligarchical
bathwater, without losing the baby in the process. The point of the exercise
is to know which is which.
The point, therefore, is not to permit oneself to
be degraded into smallness of mind.