by Timothy Alexander Guzman
27 September 2013
from SilentCrowNews Website
Iranís New President Hassan Rouhani has requested that Israel to sign and become a member of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) as he spoke for a second time at the United Nation General Assembly.
Rouhani is calling for "nuclear-free zone" in the Middle East.
Israel is the only country in the Middle East that had not and will not sign the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Israel would use nuclear weapons if it felt it was threatened by any nation in the Middle East.
The nuclear capability of Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) defensive capabilities just reached another plateau this past April. It purchased its 5th nuclear submarine that can be deployed anywhere in the world with first strike capability.
The Israel News Agency reported that Israel purchased a fifth Dolphin class submarine called the "INS Rahav" from Germany. The article headlined "Israel Launches Ninth Submarine, Ready To Strike Iran Nuclear Weapons."
Israelís Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said,
The submarines are equipped with Israeli-designed Popeye missiles that are capable of carrying nuclear warheads. It is no secret that Israel has nuclear weapons.
suggest that Israel has between 100 and 400 nuclear weapons. No one knows
exactly how many nuclear bombs Israel possesses, but we do know they have
the capability to produce them at a momentís notice.
Half of his prison term was in solitary confinement. He was eventually released in 2004. Since then, Vanunu has been arrested and even imprisoned for violating his parole. He was also arrested for trying to leave Israel at one time.
Former Israeli Prime Minister and Noble 'Peace' Prize winner Shimon Peres said,
Since Israel is not a signatory to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, the Dimona Nuclear Research center is not subject to inspections from the international community such as the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
According to the Federation of American Scientists in a 2007 report, Israel has between 75 and 400 nuclear warheads, but some estimates have their nuclear warheads at less than 200.
It is also known that Israel has the ability to deliver them by intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) with a range of 5,500 kilometers or 3,400 miles, the Jericho III missile named after the biblical city of Jericho, various aircrafts and of course submarines.
The report stated the following:
Israelís nuclear program began after World War II. Israelís first Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion once said,
David Ben-Gurion wanted to establish a Jewish State with a military force that would repel an attack by any of its adversaries especially in the Arab world.
Ben-Gurionís speech to the elected assembly of Palestine Jews on October 2nd, 1947 made it clear on the intentions of a new Jewish state:
Several months later on May 14th, 1948, the state of Israel became a reality with David Ben-Gurion as its first Prime Minister.
Ben-Gurion, Executive head of the World Zionist Organization in 1946 until 1956 and the head of the influential Weizmann Institute of Science and Defense Ministry Scientist Ernest David Bergmann recruited Jewish Scientists from abroad during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.
Israel recruited and funded Jewish scientists to help Israel establish a nuclear program.
By 1949, the Israel Defense Forces Science Corps or ĎHemed Gimmelí was in search of Uranium in the Negev Desert, but only small amounts were discovered in phosphate deposits.
Hemed Gimmel financed several students to study nuclear technology overseas. One of the students attended the University of Chicago to study under Enrico Fermi, who developed the Chicago Pile-1, the first nuclear reactor.
Fermi also made scientific contributions to nuclear, quantum and particle physics among others. By the late 1950s Shimon Peres had established LEKEM, or the ĎScience liaison Bureauí a new intelligence service that would search for technology, materials and equipment needed for Israelís nuclear program.
By 1952, Hemed Gimmel was under Israelís Ministry of Defense to become the Division of Research and Infrastructure (EMET). By June 1952, The Israel Atomic Energy Commission (IAEC) was established with Ernest David Bergmann as the first chairman. Hemed Gimmel was renamed Machon 4 which became the "chief laboratory" of the Israel Atomic Energy Commission (IAEC).
France was a major partner for Israelís nuclear program. France also sold weapons to Israel.
The France-Israel relationship was instrumental in the development of the Dimona Nuclear Research Center. Israel signed American President Dwight Eisenhowerís Atoms for Peace, an agreement for peaceful nuclear cooperation between the U.S. and Israel along with Turkey to build a "small swimming pool research reactor" at Nachal Soreq.
It was the first step to building the Dimona nuclear research center in the Negev desert in collaboration with France who faced political turmoil in its former colonies in North Africa.
Israel also faced Arab hostilities in the Middle East, so the cooperation on matters regarding new military technology complemented each other. On March 20, 1957 a public signing ceremony to build a "small swimming-pool research reactor" took place between France and Israel.
But the reality was that France and Israel collaborated to build a larger facility at Dimona.
In ĎIsrael and the Bombí by Avner Cohen, he describes Ben Gurionís ambitious plan regarding Israelís nuclear program was advanced through the Atoms for Peace Initiative:
The United States under President Eisenhower allowed Israel to seek a nuclear program that would advance its defense capabilities militarily.
By 1958, the construction of the Negev Nuclear Research Center located in the Negev desert in secret through the Protocol of SŤvres agreement. It was a secret agreement between Israel, France and Great Britain at Sevres, France to overthrow Egyptian President Gamal Abdul Nasser through an invasion of Egypt after Nasser nationalized the Suez Canal.
Four days after the SŤvres meeting, Israeli forces invaded Egyptian territory.
French and British
forces invaded shortly after they vetoed a US sponsored UN Security Council
resolution under the guise that they would separate both Israeli and
Egyptian forces after Egypt refused their call to withdraw from the Suez
Almost immediately after he assumed office, he wanted to end Franceís assistance to Israelís nuclear program. He would only support Israelís nuclear program if international inspectors were allowed to inspect Dimona and that Israel would declare that its nuclear program was for peaceful purposes and that under no circumstances reprocess plutonium.
Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres negotiated with the French government allowing a window of opportunity for French companies to continue its work until 1966 with the Israeli government.
Israel also had declared its nuclear program was "peaceful".
BBC News received secret documents that the British government also supported Israelís nuclear program by sending illegal and restricted materials that started in the 1950′s. In 1961, the Ben-Gurion informed the Canadian government that a pilot plutonium-separation plant would be built at the Dimona facility.
By 1962, the nuclear reactor at Dimona went "critical" meaning a critical mass with a small amount of fissile material was needed for a sustained nuclear chain reaction.
Shortly after, Israel secretly acquired more than 90 tons of uranium oxide (yellowcake) from Argentina to fuel the reactor. By 1965 the Israeli reprocessing plant was completed and ready to convert the reactorís fuel rods into weapons grade plutonium for a nuclear bomb.
After the Six-Day War, Israel went live producing nuclear
weapons. A new era began in the Middle East. One that was a dangerous step
to a nuclear disaster if Israel decided to use its nuclear weapons against
an Arab country.
Ben-Gurion believed that he understood Arab character and was persuaded that as long as Arabs thought they could destroy the Jewish state, there would be no peace and no recognition of Israel.
Many Israelis, survivors of the Holocaust, came to
believe in ein brera, or "no alternative," the doctrine that Israel was
surrounded by implacable enemies and therefore had no choice but to strike
out. In their view, Hitler and Nasser were interchangeable.
Ernst Bergmann explicitly articulated the ein brera fears in a letter two years later:
Ben-Gurion, Shimon Peres, and Ernst Bergmann believed that Israelís
independent arsenal finally could provide what President Eisenhower would
not - the nuclear umbrella.
Their experience with the 'Holocaust' justifies their intentions on maintaining their nuclear weapons. Israelís believes that another Holocaust can be prevented, this time not from Germany but from Iran.
But many Israeliís during the development stages of nuclear weapons were not keen on obtaining a nuclear bomb because of the Holocaust:
Another aspect of Israelís foreign policy one should consider is the ĎSamson Option,í a policy that calls for a retaliation using nuclear weapons against an enemy who threatens the Jewish homeland of its existence.
The United States and other Western nations have not announced any plans to disarm Israelís nuclear weapons but rather focused its attention on Iranís nuclear program.
Israel already won the arms race in the Middle East.
What is to stop Israelís "Zealot" mentality from using nuclear weapons in the Middle East? Israel has threatened Iran in the past.
In a 2006 interview with Reuters former Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres,
It was a response after a false claim Israel and its allies made on Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejadís comment in a 2005 speech at the Ministry of Interior conference hall in Tehran called "The World without Zionism" when he said Israel must be, "wiped off the map" which was misinterpreted.
Earlier this year, former Prime Minister Ehud Barak said that the US and Israel would take action against Iran,
Rouhani is seeking negotiations that would put Iran, the United States and Israel on a path to a peaceful resolution.
One that will
recognize Iranís right to a "peaceful" nuclear program for its country so
that they can export more oil and use the revenues it earned for the benefit
of the Iranian people. But do not expect any significant breakthrough
between Iran and the US/Israel alliance that seeks to dominate the Middle
East politically, economically and militarily.
Israel will not be a signatory to the NPT because,
Another reason Israel will not sign the Non-Proliferation Treaty is because they are victims of the Holocaust which is why they have violated hundreds of U.N. Security Council resolutions and has used chemical weapons on the Palestinians.
The talks between Iran and the US that will be held in Geneva will fail come this October because the US wants to dominate Iran.
Iran has its principles it will stand by, but so will the US on Israelís behalf. The US and its staunch allies want Syria, Lebanon, the Gaza strip and the West Bank and every nation on earth under their rule.
That is the