by Manlio Dinucci
However, these movements are being represented by a cliché which is the opposite of reality - that of the "rich countries" obliged to suffer the growing migratory pressure of the "poor countries".
This misrepresentation hides its basic cause:
As concerns the migrant flow towards the United States, the case of Mexico is emblematic.
Its agricultural production collapsed when, with the NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement), the USA and Canada flooded the Mexican market with low-cost agricultural products, thanks to their own public subsidies.
Millions of agricultural workers found themselves without jobs, thereby increasing the work pool recruited by the "maquilladoras":
In a country where approximately half of the population lives in poverty, this situation has increased the mass of people who want to enter the United States.
This is the origin of 'the Wall' along the border with Mexico, which,
...the same wall that the Republican Trump now hopes to complete along all 3,000 kilometers of the border.
The continent is rich in raw materials:
...and many others.
These resources, once
exploited by the old European colonialist system with slave-type
methods, are today being exploited by European neo-colonialism in
collaboration with the African elites in power, a low-cost local
work force, and interior and international control of the
In order to conserve
parity with the Euro, these 14 African countries are obliged to pay
the French Treasury half of their monetary reserves.
In the Ivory Coast (CFA region), French companies control the greater part of the commercialization of cocoa, of which the country is the world's top producer - the little producers are left with hardly 5% of the value of the end product, such that most of them live in poverty.
These are only a few
examples of the neo-colonial exploitation of the continent.
In sub-Saharan Africa,
where the population is greater than one billion souls, and is
composed of 60% children and young people between the ages of 0 and
24 years old, about two thirds of the inhabitants live in poverty
and amongst these, about 40% - which is to say 400 million - live in
conditions of extreme poverty.