by Arjun Walia
May 21, 2016
It seems like everyone is talking about the extraterrestrial
question these days.
Humanity has always wondered, "are we alone?"
and a new study seeks to answer that question scientifically,
arguing that, not only are we not alone, but we never have been, and
there are most likely a number of different intelligent
extraterrestrial civilizations out there right now.
The study (A
New Empirical Constraint on the Prevalence of Technological Species
in the Universe), published in
Astrobiology and written by Adam Frank and Woodruff Sullivan
from the Universities of Rochester and Washington, respectively,
used the recent discovery of
dozens of exoplanets to hypothesize
on the likelihood of other technologically advanced civilizations
The study emphasizes that, unless the odds of advanced
life evolving on a habitable planet are astonishingly low, then,
"human kind is not the universe's first technological, or advanced,
According to Frank:
The question of whether
advanced civilizations exist elsewhere in the universe has
always been vexed with three large uncertainties in the Drake
equation. We've known for a long time approximately how many
We didn't know how many of those stars had planets
that could potentially harbor life, how often life might evolve
and lead to intelligent beings, and how long any civilizations
might last before becoming extinct.
Astrophysicist Frank Drake developed
an equation in 1961 to estimate the number of advanced civilizations
likely to exist in the Milky Way galaxy.
Drake equation (top
row below image) has proven to be a valuable framework for research, though it
is impossible to do anything more than guess at variables such as
L, the probable longevity of other advanced civilizations.
The equation is as you see below:
These researchers applied new
exoplanet data to the universe's 2 x 10 to the 22nd
(10,000,000,000,000,000,000,000) power stars, and
found that human civilization is likely to be unique in the cosmos
only if the odds of a civilization developing on a habitable planet
are less than approximately one in 10-billion-trillion, or one part
in the 10th to the 22th power.
Frank went on to explain the
implications of this discovery:
One in 10 billion
trillion is incredibly small.
To me, this implies that other
intelligent, technology producing species very likely have
evolved before us. Think of it this way. Before our result you'd
be considered a pessimist if you imagined the probability of
evolving a civilization on a habitable planet were, say, one in
But even that guess, one chance in a trillion,
implies that what has happened here on Earth with humanity has
in fact happened about a 10 billion other times over cosmic
Other scientists have also been
weighing in for some time now.
A couple of years ago, two top
astronomers from the
SETI Institute (Search For Extraterrestrial
Intelligence) appeared in front of the congressional House Science
and Technology Committee for a hearing regarding the search for
They told the committee that
extraterrestrial life most certainly
exists, and that discovering
life on other planets is not only inevitable, but will most likely
occur within the next 20 years:
In the last 50 years,
evidence has steadily mounted that the components and conditions
we believe necessary for life are common and perhaps ubiquitous
in our galaxy.
The possibility that life has arisen elsewhere,
and perhaps evolved intelligence, is plausible and warrants
If you extrapolate on the planets they
discovered, there are a trillion planets in the galaxy. That's a
lot of places for life. We know that the majority of stars have
planets... [but what] fraction of stars has planets that are
more like the earth?
It might be one in five.
Scientists have already
discovered billions of Earth-like planets in our Milky Way galaxy
alone, and we would be foolish to think that planets must be just
like our own in order to harbor life.
Who knows what other kinds of life-forms have developed, or what their essential conditions for
life consist of? We cannot assume that other species will be just
Other Probability: We Are Not Alone - We Have Been Visited & Are
Currently Being Visited
Below is a great clip of Dr.
Brian O'Leary, a NASA astronaut and
Princeton Physics Professor, speaking about extraterrestrials in the 'THRIVE
- What On Earth Will It Take?'
Just as the notion that aliens exist is gaining mainstream
traction, so too is the idea that we have already been visited by
We can attribute this shift largely to the recent official
the UFO phenomenon, which revealed that objects
performing impossible maneuvers at impossible speeds that defy our
known understanding of physics are commonly seen by trained
observers (military personnel).
"There is another way, whether it's wormholes, or warping space,
there's got to be a way to generate energy so that you can pull
it out of the vacuum, and the fact that [extraterrestrials are]
here shows us that they found a way."
Emeritus of Physics, University of Nebraska
A declassified defence
intelligence agency report details a classic encounter.
other encounters of this kind, the object is tracked on air and
ground radar, and is confirmed visually by the pilots who are sent
As the F-4 approached a range of 25 NM he lost all
instrumentation and communications (UHF and intercom). He broke
off the intercept and headed back to Shahrokhi.
When the F-4
turned away from the object and apparently was no longer a
threat to it the aircraft regained all instrumentation and
The object and the pursuing F-4
continued on a course to the south of Tehran
when another brightly lighted object, estimated
to be one half to one third the apparent size of
the moon, came out of the original object. This
second object headed straight toward the F-4 at
a very fast rate of speed.
The pilot attempted
to fire an AIM-9 missile at the object but at
that Instant his weapons control panel went off
and he lost all communications (UHF and
Another classic example comes from the Chilean Air Force:
Two pilots on a training mission, each flying an F5
fighter aircraft, tracked the object on their airborne radar.
gave a return equal to ten or more aircraft carriers-except this
object was in the air, not floating on the water. Each pilot
assumed his radar equipment was faulty, until he learned that
the other pilot was also getting the same return.
Not only this,
but ground radar from a nearby airport also picked up the object
and confirmed its huge size. The pilots also saw the object with
their own eyes.
One pilot later said that at a distance of
twenty miles, it looked,
"like a plantain banana swathed in
The pilots were frightened, having no missiles or
weapons. As they approached the massive object, which had been
motionless all this while, it took off at an unimaginable speed.
All at once, it vanished from the three radar screens.
Huneeus, J, Antonio,
"A Chilean Overview," MUFON UFO
Journal, 6/86; Huneeus, J. Antonio,
"A Historical Survey of
UFO Cases in Chilie," MUFON 1987 International Symposium
Proceedings - MUFON, 1987.
On May 19, 1986, a large
portion of Brazilian airspace was occupied by UFOs. The
Brazilian air-force kept sending their jets to get a closer look
at what they were picking up on radar.
Here is a quote from the
Brazilian Minister of Aeronautics, Brigadier General Otavio
At least 20 objects were detected by Brazilian
radars. They saturated the radars and interrupted traffic in the
area. Each time that radar detected unidentified objects,
fighters took off for intercept. Radar detects only solid
metallic bodies and heavy (mass) clouds.
There were no clouds
nor conventional aircraft in the region. The sky was clear.
Radar doesn't have optical illusions. We can only give technical
explanations and we don't have them.
It would be very difficult
for us to talk about the hypothesis of an electronic war. It's
very remote and it's not the case here in Brazil. It's
The signals on the radar were quite clear.
of Defense JCS Message Center, Subject: B6/BAF Has a Close
Encounter of the First Kind. Date: 20 May 86. Subject: Numerous
Unidentified Objects Were Cited in the Skies over Brazil. But
BAF Fighters Were Unable to Intercept Them. Berliner, Don, The
UFO Briefing Document, p. 121-127. Huneeus, J. Antonio,
"UFO Alert in Brazil," MUFON UFO Journal, 11/86.
Andrus, Walt, "UFOs Over Brazil," MUFON UFO Journal, 9/86.
Smith, Dr Willy, "The Brazillian Incident," International
UFO Reporter, 7-8/86. Smith, Dr. Willy, "More on Brazilian
OVNIs," MUFON UFO Journal, 9/86.
These objects also cause
equipment in the jets to malfunction.
Many have reported this
happening, including Dr.
Jacques Vallee, notable for co-developing
the first computerized mapping of Mars for NASA, and for his work at
SRI International on the network
information center for ARPANET,
a precursor to the modern Internet.
He published a paper in the Journal
of Scientific Exploration titled
"Estimates of Optical
Power Output in Six Cases of Unexplained Ariel Objects with Defined
Luminosity Characteristics" which
examines these occurrences.
"Behind the scenes, high ranking air force officers
are soberly concerned about the UFOs. But through official
secrecy and ridicule, many citizens are led to believe that
the unknown flying objects are nonsense."
Former Head of CIA, 1960
Below is a great clip from author and researcher
Richard Dolan, taken from
Citizens Hearing on Disclosure, where he summarizes these
UFO Does Not Mean Extraterrestrial - But…
"Yes there have been
crashed craft, and bodies recovered. We are not alone in the
universe, they have been coming here for a long time."
Dr. Edgar Mitchell
Astronaut, Air Force Captain, and Founder of the Institute of
While these files only
describe unidentified objects, the question of where these objects
came from and who is flying them must inevitably arise.
And indeed, defence
intelligence agencies have also kept files on supposed
extraterrestrial matters, a practice which demonstrates their
interest in keeping tabs on this issue.
For example, here is an
FBI document addressed to,
"certain scientists of
"aeronautical and military
authorities," and to
"a number of public officials."
The document is a letter
that was sent to the director of FBI in Washington from the San
Francisco office on a matter pertaining to UFOs & extraterrestrials:
"Lt. Colonel (name redacted) of
G2 [G2 means army
intelligence], San Francisco advised today he has no further
information, and that our Seattle office is in possession of all
information known by him and is handling the matter at Tacoma,
The document goes on to
provide a copy of a letter written by someone with,
university degrees" and a former "university
The memorandum also
"the mere fact that the data
herein were obtained by so-called 'supernormal' means is
probably sufficient to insure its disregard by nearly all
Key words to take note
the fact that they
would like to "insure its disregard" by "nearly" everyone
Does this mean that
'some' of the people addressed should not disregard it?
The letter goes on to
outline the following: (UFOs
- Declassified FBI Official Document - pages 21-23 -
Part of the disks
carry crews, others are under remote control.
Their mission is
peaceful, the visitors contemplate settling on this planet.
are human-like but much larger in size.
They are not
excarnate Earth people, but come from their own world
The disks posses
some type of radiant energy.
They do not come
from any "planet" as we use the word, but from an etheric
planet which interpenetrates with our own and is
not perceptible to us.
The bodies of the
visitors, and the craft also, automatically materialize on
entering the vibratory rate of our dense matter.
They re-enter the
etheric at will, and so simply disappear from our vision,
The region they
come from is
astral plane, but
corresponds to the
Lokas or Talas. Students of
esoteric matters will understand these terms.
Then we have cases like
what happened in Zimbabwe many years ago, when
more than 60 school children witnessed a craft
landing and what appeared to be non-humanoid beings exit
The event led a Harvard
professor to conclude that extraterrestrial contact is indeed
To this day, these
children, now adults, maintain that they were telling the truth.
visitors from other planets warned us about the direction we
were heading and offered to help. Instead, some of
us interpreted their visits as a threat, and decided to shoot
first and ask questions after."
These are just a few out
of many reasons why so many people believe extraterrestrials