by Glenn Greenwald
25 October 2013

from TheGuardian Website




NSA Director General Keith Alexander, earlier this month.

Photograph: Evan Vucci/AP




As Europe erupts over US spying,

NSA chief says government must stop media



The most under-discussed aspect of the NSA story has long been its international scope. That all changed this week as both Germany and France exploded with anger over new revelations about pervasive NSA surveillance on their population and democratically elected leaders.


As was true for Brazil previously, reports about surveillance aimed at leaders are receiving most of the media attention, but what really originally drove the story there were revelations that the NSA is bulk-spying on millions and millions of innocent citizens in all of those nations.


The favorite cry of US government apologists - everyone spies! - falls impotent in the face of this sort of ubiquitous, suspicionless spying that is the sole province of the US and its four English-speaking surveillance allies (the UK, Canada, Australia and New Zealand).


There are three points worth making about these latest developments.


ē First, note how leaders such as Chancellor Angela Merkel reacted with basic indifference when it was revealed months ago that the NSA was bulk-spying on all German citizens, but suddenly found her indignation only when it turned out that she personally was also targeted. That reaction gives potent insight into the true mindset of many western leaders.



ē Second, all of these governments keep saying how newsworthy these revelations are, how profound are the violations they expose, how happy they are to learn of all this, how devoted they are to reform. If that's true, why are they allowing the person who enabled all these disclosures - Edward Snowden - to be targeted for persecution by the US government for the "crime" of blowing the whistle on all of this?


If the German and French governments - and the German and French people - are so pleased to learn of how their privacy is being systematically assaulted by a foreign power over which they exert no influence, shouldn't they be offering asylum to the person who exposed it all, rather than ignoring or rejecting his pleas to have his basic political rights protected, and thus leaving him vulnerable to being imprisoned for decades by the US government?


Aside from the treaty obligations these nations have to protect the basic political rights of human beings from persecution, how can they simultaneously express outrage over these exposed invasions while turning their back on the person who risked his liberty and even life to bring them to light?



ē Third, is there any doubt at all that the US government repeatedly tried to mislead the world when insisting that this system of suspicionless surveillance was motivated by an attempt to protect Americans from The Terroristsô? 


Our reporting has revealed spying on conferences designed to negotiate economic agreements, the Organization of American States, oil companies, ministries that oversee mines and energy resources, the democratically elected leaders of allied states, and entire populations in those states.


Can even President Obama and his most devoted loyalists continue to maintain, with a straight face, that this is all about 'Terrorism'?


That is what this superb new Foreign Affairs essay by Henry Farrell and Martha Finnemore means when it argues that the Manning and Snowden leaks are putting an end to the ability of the US to use hypocrisy as a key weapon in its soft power.


Speaking of an inability to maintain claims with a straight face, how are American and British officials, in light of their conduct in all of this, going to maintain the pretense that they are defenders of press freedoms and are in a position to lecture and condemn others for violations?


In what might be the most explicit hostility to such freedoms yet - as well as the most unmistakable evidence of rampant panic - the NSA's director, General Keith Alexander, actually demanded Thursday that the reporting being done by newspapers around the world on this secret surveillance system be halted (see full video here):

The head of the embattled National Security Agency, Gen Keith Alexander, is accusing journalists of "selling" his agency's documents and is calling for an end to the steady stream of public disclosures of secrets snatched by former contractor Edward Snowden.

"I think it's wrong that that newspaper reporters have all these documents, the 50,000 - whatever they have and are selling them and giving them out as if these - you know it just doesn't make sense," Alexander said in an interview with the Defense Department's "Armed With Science" blog.


"We ought to come up with a way of stopping it. I don't know how to do that. That's more of the courts and the policy-makers but, from my perspective, it's wrong to allow this to go on," the NSA director declared.

There are 25,000 employees of the NSA (and many tens of thousands more who work for private contracts assigned to the agency).


Maybe one of them can tell The General about this thing called "the first amendment".


I'd love to know what ways, specifically, General Alexander has in mind for empowering the US government to "come up with a way of stopping" the journalism on this story. Whatever ways those might be, they are deeply hostile to the US constitution - obviously.


What kind of person wants the government to forcibly shut down reporting by the press?


Whatever kind of person that is, he is not someone to be trusted in instituting and developing a massive bulk-spying system that operates in the dark. For that matter, nobody is.






As many of you likely know, it was announced last week that I am leaving the Guardian. My last day here will be 31 October, and I will write my last column on that date.















Keith Alexander Says the U.S. Gov't Needs to Figure Out a Way to...

Stop Journalists from Reporting

...on Snowden Leaks
by Mike Masnick
October 25, 2013

from TechDirt Website




...from the 'because-the-first-amendment-means-as-much-as-the-fourth dept'



Apparently not satisfied with just setting fire to the 4th Amendment, NSA boss Keith Alexander's next target is the 1st Amendment.


In an interview with the Defense Department's "Armed With Science" blog, it appears that Alexander felt he'd have a friendly audience, so he let loose with some insane claims, including suggesting that the government needs to find a way to "stop" journalists from reporting on the Snowden leaks.









As noted by Politico, Alexander isn't a fan of journalists doing anything about these documents:

"I think itís wrong that that newspaper reporters have all these documents, the 50,000 - whatever they have and are selling them and giving them out as if these - you know it just doesnít make sense," Alexander said in an interview with the Defense Department's "Armed With Science" blog.

"We ought to come up with a way of stopping it. I donít know how to do that. Thatís more of the courts and the policymakers but, from my perspective, itís wrong to allow this to go on," the NSA director declared.

It's not the policymakers and the courts. It's the Constitution, and it says there's freedom of the press.

Other parts of the interview continue to show Alexander spewing things that have already been debunked:

"When you look at the 9/11 commission, it faulted the intelligence community for not connecting the dots. We didnít have the tools.


These [programs we have now] are tools that help us connect the dots. We have learned that lesson once. We all vowed this would never happen again. We should commit to that course of action."

That's not true.


The 9/11 commission argued, indeed, that the intelligence service failed to connect the dots, but it wasn't because they lacked the information. It's just that it wasn't properly shared. The way to fix that is not to collect more information and make it even harder to connect the dots.


And yet that's been General Alexander's strategy all along.

Elsewhere in the interview, Alexander laughably tries to pretend that US Cyber Command, which he also controls, is focused on protecting "intellectual property."


But that's also not true.


As has been clearly stated and confirmed, it's focused on offensive attacks, which it does more than any other country (even as the US government tries to scold countries like China and Iran for their online attacks).

And then, I guess he figures that if he's going to lie about, well, everything, why not go all in, and just claim that these programs aren't "spying."

"They arenít spying programs," he says directly. "One is called the Business Records FISA Program, or Section 215, and the other is called the FISA Amendment Act 702 or PRISM."

The business records program, or Section 215, is probably the most misunderstood of the two programs. The metadata program takes information and puts it in a data repository. Metadata is the phone number, the date, time, group, and duration of the call.

"Thatís all we have," Gen. Alexander explains. "We donít have any names or any content."

Except that having that metadata is incredibly revealing and absolutely is a form of spying.


If it's not, why won't General Alexander release his phone numbers, date, time, group and duration of all of his calls from the past year? Why not?


Because he thinks that's private information. Because it is. And because General Alexander is a hypocrite.

"The oversight and compliance on these programs is greater than any other program in our government."

Hahahahah. No. This is also a lie.


It's been shown that the courts and Congress have admitted they're limited by what the NSA tells them - and the NSA goes out of its way to avoid telling Congress very much.

Alexander also mocks the recent claims about spying on French phone calls, using the exact same dodge as his boss, James Clapper. Both pretend that the news reports said that 70 million calls were recorded.


Alexander mocks this by pointing out it would be impossible to have so many calls listened to, and to find enough translators to understand them.


But the reports were about mostly metadata, and just some recordings. Pretending that the press said something that it didn't doesn't make Alexander look trustworthy. It makes it look like he's lying.

Not surprisingly, though hilariously, the blogger for the Defense Department's "Armed With Science," Jessica Tozer doesn't appear to challenge any of Alexander's claims.


Instead, she repeats all the statements and mocks anyone who might challenge them:

Some people would rather believe a dramatic, convenient lie than a real, uncomplicated truth. Donít be that person.

I'd argue that right back at Tozer and Alexander, because Alexander is flat out lying in the interview, based on confirmed facts.

Donít give credence to speculation, rumor, or hyperbole. Simply put, donít give into the hype. When it comes down it, a nation without the NSA would be a nation left undefended.

And that, dear readers, is no lie.

Um... It's absolutely a challengeable statement, but the Defense Department, obviously, isn't here for reasoned discussion on this issues.