Protesters wear masks of Barack Obama and Angela Merkel
as they demonstrate against TTIP free trade agreement.
Photograph: Wolfgang Rattay/Reuters
show US attempts to lower or circumvent
EU protection for environment
and public health
The two sides are also at odds over US demands that would require the EU to break promises it has made on environmental protection. President Obama said last week he was confident a deal could be reached.
But the leaked negotiating drafts and internal positions, which were obtained by Greenpeace and seen by the Guardian (TTIP - Greenpeace Netherlands Released Secret Negotiation Documents), paint a very different picture.
Because of a European ban on animal testing,
Talks on engineering were also,
These problems are not mentioned in a separate report on the state of the talks, also leaked, which the European commission has prepared for scrutiny by the European parliament.
These outline the positions exchanged between EU and US negotiators between the 12th and the 13th round of TTIP talks, which took place in New York last week.
The public document offers a robust defence of the EU's right to regulate and create a court-like system for disputes, unlike the internal note, which does not mention them.
Jorgo Riss, the director of Greenpeace EU, said:
US proposals include an obligation on the EU to inform its industries of any planned regulations in advance, and to allow them the same input into EU regulatory processes as European firms.
American firms could influence the content of EU laws at several points along the regulatory line, including through a plethora of proposed technical working groups and committees.
The US is also proposing new articles on "science and risk" to give firms greater regulatory say.
Environmentalists say the body has loose rules on corporate influence, allowing employees of companies such as BASF, Nestle and Coca Cola to sit on - and sometimes lead - national delegations.
Some 44% of its decisions on pesticides residues have been less stringent than EU ones, with 40% of rough equivalence and 16% being more demanding, according to Greenpeace.
GM foods could also find a widening window into Europe, with the US pushing for a working group to adopt a "low level presence initiative". This would allow the import of cargo containing traces of unauthorized GM strains.
The EU currently blocks these because of food safety and cross-pollination concerns. The EU has not yet accepted the US demands, but they are uncontested in the negotiators' note, and no counter-proposals have been made in these areas.
In January, the EU trade commissioner Cecilia Malmstr÷m said the precautionary principle, obliging regulatory caution where there is scientific doubt, was a core and non-negotiable EU principle.
But the principle is not mentioned in the 248 pages of TTIP negotiating texts.
The European commission has also promised to,
The EU negotiators internal note says,
Where industry lobbying in regulatory processes is concerned, the US also "insisted" that the EU be "required" to involve US experts in its development of electrotechnical standards...