by Martyn Brown
December 15, 2009
Campaigners issued a dossier with 100 reasons
why climate change is
natural and not man-made
CAMPAIGNERS yesterday attempted to pour
scorn on “tenuous” global warming theories by issuing a dossier
detailing 100 reasons why climate change is natural and not
The list includes the controversial claim that there is “no
scientific proof” that rising levels of greenhouse gases are caused
by human activity.
The report, by the respected
European Foundation, also argues that a
higher level of carbon dioxide (CO2) - the main greenhouse gas
not a problem because it helps to boost crop yields.
And it claims that the warming we are now experiencing is “mostly
natural”, pointing to historic shifts in the climate such as when
Vikings farmed on Greenland in medieval times.
Political analyst Jim McConalogue, who wrote the report, said:
demonstrates how tenuous, improper and indeed false the scientific
and political claims are for man-made global warming, from claims
that climate change can be controlled by human activity to the
proposition that CO2 emissions represent a severe threat to our way
of life, when in fact there is little evidence to support any of
He warned that the
Copenhagen climate summit was likely to lead to
“nonsensical targets” to reduce emissions, which would result in a
“burdensome regulatory agenda”.
After Copenhagen, voters around the
“will see what travesty has been done in their name, as
foolish politicians and indifferent industry associations have
engulfed their countries in emissions legislation”.
The report was issued as Gordon Brown prepared to fly out to the
192-nation Copenhagen summit today - two days early - vowing to work
“tirelessly” to get a lasting deal.
The talks were yesterday plunged into chaos by a half-day walkout by
developing nations angry at an alleged “stitch-up” by richer
countries who are responsible for most greenhouse gas emissions.
Oxfam executive director Jeremy Hobbs said:
“Africa has pulled the
emergency cord to avoid a train crash at the end of the week.
“This is not about blocking the talks - it is about whether rich
countries are ready to guarantee action on climate change and the
survival of people in Africa and across the world.”
Meanwhile, former US vice-president
Al Gore - who won a Nobel Prize
for his work on 'climate change' - told the conference that new data
suggested there was a 75 per cent chance the entire Arctic polar ice
cap may disappear every summer within seven years.
At the weekend the Environment Agency said climate change could
empty rivers in southern England of trout and salmon while rising
sea levels would destroy the salt marshes and mudflats needed by
But at the European Foundation, Mr McConalogue rattled through his
explanation of why global warming theories are wrong and insisted
solar activity was primarily responsible for climate change.
“Since the cause of global warming is mostly natural, then
there is in actual fact very little we can do about it. We are still
not able to control the sun.”
The Met Office said the only way to explain the changing climate was
through a combination of natural and man-made factors.
A spokesman said:
“The climate has always and will always change.
This natural variability is caused by various cycles, including
solar activity, volcanic eruptions and ocean circulations.
“Even with these elements factored in to the complex climate
projection models run by the Met Office, temperature increases - and
perhaps more importantly, the rate of temperature increase - can
only be mirrored by the amount of greenhouse gases that are warming
“It is not a coincidence that this rapid warming has occurred since
the industrial revolution in the mid-19th century.”
Climate Change Is Natural
100 Reasons Why
December 15, 2009
Climate change campaigners:
100 reasons why
climate change is natural and not man-made
HERE are the 100 reasons, released in a
dossier issued by the European Foundation, why climate change is
natural and not man-made:
1) There is “no real scientific
proof” that the current warming is caused by the rise of
greenhouse gases from man’s activity.
2) Man-made carbon dioxide emissions throughout human history
constitute less than 0.00022 percent of the total naturally
emitted from the mantle of the earth during geological history.
3) Warmer periods of the Earth’s history came around 800 years
before rises in CO2 levels.
4) After World War II, there was a huge surge in recorded CO2
emissions but global temperatures fell for four decades after
5) Throughout the Earth’s history, temperatures have often been
warmer than now and CO2 levels have often been higher
than ten times as high.
6) Significant changes in climate have continually occurred
throughout geologic time.
7) The 0.7°C increase in the average global temperature over the
last hundred years is entirely consistent with well-established,
long-term, natural climate trends.
8) The IPCC theory is driven by just 60 scientists and
favorable reviewers not the 4,000 usually cited.
9) Leaked e-mails from British climate scientists
- in a scandal
known as “Climate-gate” - suggest that that has been manipulated
to exaggerate global warming
10) A large body of scientific research suggests that the sun is
responsible for the greater share of climate change during the
past hundred years.
11) Politicians and activists claim rising sea levels are a
direct cause of global warming but sea levels rates have been
increasing steadily since the last ice age 10,000 ago
12) Philip Stott, Emeritus Professor of Biogeography at the
School of Oriental and African Studies in London says climate
change is too complicated to be caused by just one factor,
whether CO2 or clouds
13) Peter Lilley MP said last month that,
“fewer people in
Britain than in any other country believe in the importance of
global warming. That is despite the fact that our Government and
our political class - predominantly - are more committed to it than
their counterparts in any other country in the world”.
14) In pursuit of the global warming rhetoric, wind farms will
do very little to nothing to reduce CO2 emissions
15) Professor Plimer, Professor of Geology and Earth Sciences at
the University of Adelaide, stated that the idea of taking a
single trace gas in the atmosphere, accusing it and finding it
guilty of total responsibility for climate change, is an
16) A Harvard University astrophysicist and geophysicist, Willie
Soon, said he is “embarrassed and puzzled” by the shallow
science in papers that support the proposition that the earth
faces a climate crisis caused by global warming.
17) The science of what determines the earth’s temperature is in
fact far from settled or understood.
18) Despite activist concerns over CO2 levels, CO2 is a minor
greenhouse gas, unlike water vapour which is tied to climate
concerns, and which we can’t even pretend to control
19) A petition by scientists trying to tell the world that the
political and media portrayal of global warming is false was put
forward in the Heidelberg Appeal in 1992. Today, more than 4,000
signatories, including 72 Nobel Prize winners, from 106
countries have signed it.
20) It is claimed the average global temperature increased at a
dangerously fast rate in the 20th century but the recent rate of
average global temperature rise has been between 1 and 2 degrees
C per century - within natural rates
21) Professor Zbigniew Jaworowski, Chairman of the Scientific
Council of the Central Laboratory for Radiological Protection in
Warsaw, Poland says the earth’s temperature has more to do with
cloud cover and water vapor than CO2 concentration in the
22) There is strong evidence from solar studies which suggests
that the Earth’s current temperature stasis will be followed by
climatic cooling over the next few decades
23) It is myth that receding glaciers are proof of global
warming as glaciers have been receding and growing cyclically
for many centuries
24) It is a falsehood that the earth’s poles are warming because
that is natural variation and while the western Arctic may be
getting somewhat warmer we also see that the Eastern Arctic and
Greenland are getting colder
IPCC claims climate driven “impacts on biodiversity are
significant and of key relevance” but those claims are simply
not supported by scientific research
26) The IPCC threat of climate change to the world’s species
does not make sense as wild species are at least one million
years old, which means they have all been through hundreds of
27) Research goes strongly against claims that CO2-induced
global warming would cause catastrophic disintegration of the
Greenland and Antarctic Ice Sheets.
28) Despite activist concerns over CO2 levels, rising CO2 levels
are our best hope of raising crop yields to feed an ever-growing
29) The biggest climate change ever experienced on earth took
place around 700 million years ago
30) The slight increase in temperature which has been observed
since 1900 is entirely consistent with well-established,
long-term natural climate cycles
31) Despite activist concerns over CO2 levels, rising CO2 levels
of some so-called “greenhouse gases” may be contributing to
higher oxygen levels and global cooling, not warming
32) Accurate satellite, balloon and mountain top observations
made over the last three decades have not shown any significant
change in the long term rate of increase in global temperatures
33) Today’s CO2 concentration of around 385 ppm is very low
compared to most of the earth’s history - we actually live in a
34) It is a myth that CO2 is the most common greenhouse gas
because greenhouse gases form about 3% of the atmosphere by
volume, and CO2 constitutes about 0.037% of the atmosphere
35) It is a myth that computer models verify that CO2 increases
will cause significant global warming because computer models
can be made to “verify” anything
36) There is no scientific or statistical evidence whatsoever
that global warming will cause more storms and other weather
37) One statement deleted from a UN report in 1996 stated that
“none of the studies cited above has shown clear evidence that
we can attribute the observed climate changes to increases in
38) The world “warmed” by 0.07 +/- 0.07 degrees C from 1999 to
2008, not the 0.20 degrees C expected by the IPCC
39) The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change says “it is
likely that future tropical cyclones (typhoons and hurricanes)
will become more intense” but there has been no increase in the
intensity or frequency of tropical cyclones globally
40) Rising CO2 levels in the atmosphere can be shown not only to
have a negligible effect on the Earth’s many ecosystems, but in
some cases to be a positive help to many organisms
41) Researchers who compare and contrast climate change impact
on civilizations found warm periods are beneficial to mankind
and cold periods harmful
42) The Met Office asserts we are in the hottest decade since
records began but this is precisely what the world should expect
if the climate is cyclical
43) Rising CO2 levels increase plant growth and make plants more
resistant to drought and pests
44) The historical increase in the air’s CO2 content has
improved human nutrition by raising crop yields during the past
45) The increase of the air’s CO2 content has probably helped
lengthen human lifespans since the beginning of the Industrial
46) The IPCC alleges that “climate change currently contributes
to the global burden of disease and premature deaths” but the
evidence shows that higher temperatures and rising CO2 levels
has helped global populations
47) In May of 2004, the Russian Academy of Sciences published a
report concluding that the Kyoto Protocol has no scientific
grounding at all.
48) The “Climate-gate” scandal pointed to a expensive public
campaign of disinformation and the denigration of scientists who
opposed the belief that CO2 emissions were causing climate
49) The head of Britain’s climate change watchdog has predicted
households will need to spend up to £15,000 on a full energy
efficiency makeover if the Government is to meet its ambitious
targets for cutting carbon emissions.
50) Wind power is unlikely to be the answer to our energy needs.
The wind power industry argues that there are “no direct
subsidies” but it involves a total subsidy of as much as £60 per
MWh which falls directly on electricity consumers. This burden
will grow in line with attempts to achieve Wind power targets,
according to a recent OFGEM report.
51) Wind farms are not an efficient way to produce energy. The
British Wind Energy Association (BWEA) accepts a figure of 75
per cent back-up power is required.
52) Global temperatures are below the low end of IPCC
predictions not at “at the top end of IPCC estimates”
53) Climate alarmists have raised the concern over acidification
of the oceans but Tom Segalstad from Oslo University in Norway ,
and others, have noted that the composition of ocean water - including CO2, calcium, and water
- can act as a buffering agent
in the acidification of the oceans.
54) The UN’s IPCC computer models of human-caused global warming
predict the emergence of a “hotspot” in the upper troposphere
over the tropics. Former researcher in the Australian Department
of Climate Change, David Evans, said there is no evidence of
such a hotspot
55) The argument that climate change is a of result of global
warming caused by human activity is the argument of flat
56) The manner in which US President
Barack Obama sidestepped
Congress to order emission cuts shows how undemocratic and
irrational the entire international decision-making process has
become with regards to emission-target setting.
57) William Kininmonth, a former head of the National Climate
Centre and a consultant to the World Meteorological Organization,
“the likely extent of global temperature rise from a
doubling of CO2 is less than 1°C. Such warming is well within the
envelope of variation experienced during the past 10,000 years
and insignificant in the context of glacial cycles during the
past million years, when Earth has been predominantly very cold
and covered by extensive ice sheets.”
58) Canada has shown the world targets derived from the existing
Kyoto commitments were always unrealistic and did not work for
59) In the lead up to the Copenhagen summit, David Davis MP said
of previous climate summits, at Rio de Janeiro in 1992 and Kyoto
in 1997 that many had promised greater cuts, but “neither
happened”, but we are continuing along the same lines.
60) The UK ’s environmental policy has a long-term price tag of
about £55 billion, before taking into account the impact on its
61) The UN’s panel on climate change warned that Himalayan
glaciers could melt to a fifth of current levels by 2035. J.
Graham Cogley a professor at Ontario Trent University, claims
this inaccurate stating the UN authors got the date from an
earlier report wrong by more than 300 years.
62) Under existing Kyoto obligations the EU has attempted to
claim success, while actually increasing emissions by 13 per
cent, according to Lord Lawson. In addition the EU has pursued
this scheme by purchasing “offsets” from countries such as China
paying them billions of dollars to destroy atmospheric
pollutants, such as CFC-23, which were manufactured purely in
order to be destroyed.
63) It is claimed that the average global temperature was
relatively unchanging in pre-industrial times but sky-rocketed
since 1900, and will increase by several degrees more over the
next 100 years according to Penn State University researcher
Michael Mann. There is no convincing empirical evidence that
past climate was unchanging, nor that 20th century changes in
average global temperature were unusual or unnatural.
64) Michael Mann of Penn State University has actually shown
Medieval Warm Period and the
Little Ice Age did in fact
exist, which contrasts with his earlier work which produced the
“hockey stick graph” which showed a constant temperature over
the past thousand years or so followed by a recent dramatic
65) The globe’s current approach to climate change in which
major industrialized countries agree to nonsensical targets for
their CO2 emissions by a given date, as it has been under the
Kyoto system, is very expensive.
66) The “Climate-gate” scandal revealed that a scientific team
had emailed one another about using a “trick” for the sake of
concealing a “decline” in temperatures when looking at the
history of the Earth’s temperature.
67) Global temperatures have not risen in any
statistically-significant sense for 15 years and have actually
been falling for nine years. The “Climate-gate” scandal revealed
a scientific team had expressed dismay at the fact global
warming was contrary to their predictions and admitted their
inability to explain it was “a travesty”.
68) The IPCC predicts that a warmer planet will lead to more
extreme weather, including drought, flooding, storms, snow, and
wildfires. But over the last century, during which the IPCC
claims the world experienced more rapid warming than any time in
the past two millennia, the world did not experience
significantly greater trends in any of these extreme weather
69) In explaining the average temperature standstill we are
currently experiencing, the Met Office Hadley Centre ran a
series of computer climate predictions and found in many of the
computer runs there were decade-long standstills but none for 15
years - so it expects global warming to resume swiftly.
70) Richard Lindzen, Professor of Atmospheric Sciences at
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, wrote:
“The notion of a
static, unchanging climate is foreign to the history of the
Earth or any other planet with a fluid envelope. Such hysteria
(over global warming) simply represents the scientific
illiteracy of much of the public, the susceptibility of the
public to the substitution of repetition for truth.”
71) Despite the
1997 Kyoto Protocol’s status as the flagship of
the fight against climate change it has been a failure.
72) The first phase of the EU’s Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS),
which ran from 2005 to 2007 was a failure. Huge over-allocation
of permits to pollute led to a collapse in the price of carbon
from €33 to just €0.20 per tonne meaning the system did not
reduce emissions at all.
73) The EU trading scheme, to manage carbon emissions has
completely failed and actually allows European businesses to
duck out of making their emissions reductions at home by
offsetting, which means paying for cuts to be made overseas
74) To date “cap and trade” carbon markets have done almost
nothing to reduce emissions.
75) In the United States , the cap-and-trade is an approach
designed to control carbon emissions and will impose huge costs
upon American citizens via a carbon tax on all goods and
services produced in the United States. The average family of
four can expect to pay an additional $1700, or £1,043, more each
year. It is predicted that the United States will lose more than
2 million jobs as the result of cap-and-trade schemes.
76) Dr Roy Spencer, a principal research scientist at the
University of Alabama in Huntsville, has indicated that out of
the 21 climate models tracked by the IPCC the differences in
warming exhibited by those models is mostly the result of
different strengths of positive cloud feedback - and that
increasing CO2 is insufficient to explain global-average warming
in the last 50 to 100 years.
77) Why should politicians devote our scarce resources in a
globally competitive world to a false and ill-defined problem,
while ignoring the real problems the entire planet faces, such
as: poverty, hunger, disease or terrorism.
78) A proper analysis of ice core records from the past 650,000
years demonstrates that temperature increases have come before,
and not resulted from, increases in CO2 by hundreds of years.
79) Since the cause of global warming is mostly natural, then
there is in actual fact very little we can do about it. (We are
still not able to control the sun).
80) A substantial number of the panel of 2,500 climate
scientists on the United Nation’s International Panel on Climate
Change, which created a statement on scientific unanimity on
climate change and man-made global warming, were found to have
81) The UK’s Met Office has been forced this year to re-examine
160 years of temperature data after admitting that public
confidence in the science on man-made global warming has been
shattered by revelations about the data.
82) Politicians and activists push for renewable energy sources
such as wind turbines under the rhetoric of climate change, but
it is essentially about money - under the system of Renewable
Obligations. Much of the money is paid for by consumers in
electricity bills. It amounts to £1 billion a year.
83) The “Climate-gate” scandal revealed that a scientific team
had tampered with their own data so as to conceal
inconsistencies and errors.
84) The “Climate-gate” scandal revealed that a scientific team
had campaigned for the removal of a learned journal’s editor,
solely because he did not share their willingness to debase
science for political purposes.
85) Ice-core data clearly show that temperatures change
centuries before concentrations of atmospheric CO2 change. Thus,
there appears to be little evidence for insisting that changes
in concentrations of CO2 are the cause of past temperature and
86) There are no experimentally verified processes explaining
how CO2 concentrations can fall in a few centuries without
falling temperatures - in fact it is changing temperatures which
cause changes in CO2 concentrations, which is consistent with
experiments that show CO2 is the atmospheric gas most readily
absorbed by water.
87) The Government’s Renewable Energy Strategy contains a
massive increase in electricity generation by wind power costing
around £4 billion a year over the next twenty years. The
benefits will be only £4 to £5 billion overall (not per annum).
So costs will outnumber benefits by a range of between eleven
and seventeen times.
88) Whilst CO2 levels have indeed changed for various reasons,
human and otherwise, just as they have throughout history, the
CO2 content of the atmosphere has increased since the beginning
of the industrial revolution, and the growth rate has now been
constant for the past 25 years.
89) It is a myth that CO2 is a pollutant, because nitrogen forms
80% of our atmosphere and human beings could not live in 100%
nitrogen either: CO2 is no more a pollutant than nitrogen is and
CO2 is essential to life.
90) Politicians and climate activists make claims to rising sea
levels but certain members in the IPCC chose an area to measure
in Hong Kong that is subsiding. They used the record reading of
2.3 mm per year rise of sea level.
91) The accepted global average temperature statistics used by
the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change show that no
ground-based warming has occurred since 1998.
92) If one factors in non-greenhouse influences such as El Nino
events and large volcanic eruptions, lower atmosphere
satellite-based temperature measurements show little, if any,
global warming since 1979, a period over which atmospheric CO2
has increased by 55 ppm (17 per cent).
93) US President Barack Obama pledged to cut emissions by 2050
to equal those of 1910 when there were 92 million Americans. In
2050, there will be 420 million Americans, so Obama’s promise
means that emissions per head will be approximately what they
were in 1875. It simply will not happen.
94) The European Union has already agreed to cut emissions by 20
percent to 2020, compared with 1990 levels, and is willing to
increase the target to 30 percent. However, these are
unachievable and the EU has already massively failed with its
Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS), as EU emissions actually rose by
0.8 percent from 2005 to 2006 and are known to be well above the
95) Australia has stated it wants to slash greenhouse emissions
by up to 25 percent below 2000 levels by 2020, but the pledges
were so unpopular that the country’s Senate has voted against
the carbon trading Bill, and the Opposition’s Party leader has
now been ousted by a climate change skeptic.
96) Canada plans to reduce emissions by 20 percent compared with
2006 levels by 2020, representing approximately a 3 percent cut
from 1990 levels but it simultaneously defends its Alberta tar
sands emissions and its record as one of the world’s highest
per-capita emissions setters.
97) India plans to reduce the ratio of emissions to production
by 20-25 percent compared with 2005 levels by 2020, but all
Government officials insist that since India has to grow for its
development and poverty alleviation, it has to emit, because the
economy is driven by carbon.
Leipzig Declaration in 1996, was signed by 110
scientists who said:
“We - along with many of our fellow
citizens - are apprehensive about the climate treaty conference
scheduled for Kyoto, Japan, in December 1997” and “based on all
the evidence available to us, we cannot subscribe to the
politically inspired world view that envisages climate
catastrophes and calls for hasty actions.”
99) A US
Oregon Petition Project stated,
“We urge the United
States government to reject the global warming agreement that
was written in Kyoto, Japan in December, 1997, and any other
similar proposals. The proposed limits on greenhouse gases would
harm the environment, hinder the advance of science and
technology, and damage the health and welfare of mankind.
is no convincing scientific evidence that human release of CO2,
methane, or other greenhouse gasses is causing or will, in the
foreseeable future, cause catastrophic heating of the Earth’s
atmosphere and disruption of the Earth’s climate.”
100) A report by the Nongovernmental International Panel on
Climate Change concluded,
“We find no support for the IPCC’s
claim that climate observations during the twentieth century are
either unprecedented or provide evidence of an anthropogenic
effect on climate.”