by Richard Enos
If you have been following genetic and epigenetic studies conducted
within the edifices of modern science over the past couple of
decades, you likely have suspected what I am about to tell you:
Mr. Darwin has
already left the building, his disheveled 'Theory of Evolution'
A massive new genetic
study by Mark Stoeckle from The Rockefeller University
in New York and David Thaler at the University of Basel
in Switzerland puts a few more nails into an already-rotting coffin,
opening the door for new theories about our origins and the
mechanisms behind the evolution of species on our planet.
In the conventional narrative of how evolution proceeds through
survival-of-the-fittest and adaptation to new environments based on
random genetic mutations, it is natural to expect that species with
large, far-flung populations like ants and humans will become more
genetically diverse over time than species who remain in one milieu.
But is it true?
"The answer is no,"
said Stoeckle, lead author of the study, published in the
journal Human Evolution.
In fact, the genetic
diversity of most species on the planet "is about the same", no
matter their history of migration, relocation or proliferation.
The study's most startling result, perhaps, is that nine out of
10 species on Earth today, including humans, came
into being 100,000 to 200,000 years ago.
"This conclusion is
very surprising, and I fought against it as hard as I could,"
said David Thaler.
Indeed it is surprising -
since it presents a stunning invalidation of the commonplace notion
that evolution on the planet has been slow, linear, progressive,
Previous challenges to
this notion in the form of 'missing links' could be perceived as
grounded in a lack of physical evidence which one day would be
Now, we are really forced
to start looking at things in a completely new way.
The study relies not on an examination of regular 'nuclear' DNA, but
this article in AFP explains,
also have DNA in their mitochondria, which are the tiny
structures inside each cell that convert energy from food
into a form that cells can use.
Mitochondria contain 37 genes, and one of them, known as
COI, is used to do DNA
genes in nuclear DNA, which can differ greatly from species to
species, all animals have the same set of mitochondrial DNA,
providing a common basis for comparison.
Canadian molecular biologist Paul Hebert - who coined the term "DNA
barcode" - figured out a way to identify species by
analyzing the COI gene.
mitochondrial sequence has proved perfect for this
all-animal approach because it has just the right balance of
two conflicting properties," said Thaler.
On the one
hand, the COI gene sequence is similar across all animals,
making it easy to pick out and compare. On the other hand, these
mitochondrial snippets are different enough to be able to
distinguish between each species.
the barcodes across 100,000 species, the researchers found a
telltale sign showing that almost all the animals emerged
about the same time as humans.
What they saw
was a lack of variation in so-called "neutral" mutations, which
are the slight changes in DNA across generations that neither
help nor hurt an individual's chances of survival.
In other words,
they were irrelevant in terms of the natural and sexual drivers
How similar or
not these "neutral" mutations are to each other is like tree
rings - they reveal the approximate age of a species.
Alternative Theory of
How We Evolve
Let's look at the implications of the study (Why
Should Mitochondria define Species?).
A few points made in the
conclusion are of interest.
The same explanation
offered for the sequence variation found among modern humans
applies equally to the modern populations of essentially all
other animal species.
Namely that the
extant population, no matter what its current size or similarity
to fossils of any age, has expanded from mitochondrial
uniformity within the past 200,000 years.
Nonhuman animals, as well as bacteria and yeast, are often
considered "model systems" whose results can be extrapolated to
The direction of
inference is reversible.
Fossil evidence for
mammalian evolution in Africa implies that most species started
with small founding populations and later expanded  and
sequence analysis has been interpreted to suggest that the last
ice age created widespread conditions for a subsequent expansion
The picture we get here
is that somewhere in the past, no farther back than 200,000 years
ago, most or all animal species 'got started,' with a mitochondrial
clock set to 0.
There is evidence that
these species 'started with small founding populations and later
expanded,' and that extreme conditions - like the
last ice age - can give rise to a
It almost resembles the Noah's Ark scenario, doesn't it?
cataclysmic flood wipes out all
humans and animals on the planet except a small few of each species,
who begin again to proliferate anew once the flood ends and the
Earth becomes habitable.
But to really make this idea fit, we would not be taking species
from the previous world before the catastrophe, because their
mitochondrial clocks would not be set to 0.
Rather, we have to see it
as a new 'seeding' of species on the planet after a
catastrophe wipes out most or all of the species that were there
And who would be the ones
the seeding? You guessed it. One or
advanced extraterrestrial races...
It was back in my grade 8 history class that I first came across
claims that extraterrestrial races were prevalent in molding the
history of the planet, as we were all asked to do a critical
analysis of Erich Von Daniken's 'Chariots
of the Gods.'
I recall being perplexed
that we were actually reading this in school, and I certainly didn't
have the discernment at the time to notice that it was part of a
campaign to make us all work on discrediting Von Daniken's claims
based on a lack of scientific evidence.
I remember being
not-so-subtly persuaded by the teacher that this was 'the only'
reasonable line of analysis, but given that at the time I would
write whatever would give me the best mark, I followed suit.
It seems to me that this
was an experimental 'pre-emptive strike' on our minds by the
scientific establishment. Whether or not this actually succeeded in
making people have a more skeptical bent about such matters, I'm not
Today, the idea that
extraterrestrial civilizations are
and have always been involved in our physical,
mental/emotional and spiritual evolution is quite common within
the awakening community.
More highly evolved
beings are seen to be able to work directly in the genetic
manipulation of species...
For example, the idea
that we are part of a 'Grand
Experiment' has been proposed by whistleblower/speaker
Corey Goode, who says that a 'Super
Federation' of extraterrestrial beings are conducting 22
genetic experiments on the Earth that are purportedly designed to
enhance humanity's evolution.
Is it possible that the evolution of the human race has been
fostered in part by the genetic seeding of today's human and animal
kingdom by advanced extraterrestrial civilizations almost 200,000
Well, at least there is
some new scientific evidence that leads us to ponder this